Perez v. Progressive Logistics Services, LLC
Memorandum and Order granting 27 Joint Motion for Approval of Settlement; Approving Settlement Agreement and General Release of All Claims attached as Exhibit 3 to the Joint Motion for Approval of Settlement; Dismissing Plaintiff's Complaint with Prejudice. Signed by Judge Paul W. Grimm on 12/7/2015. (bus, Deputy Clerk)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND
Civil Case No.: PWG-14-3303
PROGRESSIVE LOGISTICS SERVICES,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Plaintiff Yordani Perez filed this action against his former employer, Progressive
Logistics Services, LLC, ("Progressive")
seeking damages for Progressive's
alleged failure to
pay proper wages, including overtime wages, under the Fair Labor Standards Act ("FLSA"), 29
201 et seq., the Maryland Wage and Hour Law, Md. Code Ann., Lab. & Empl.
310 et seq., and the Maryland Wage Payment and Collection Law, Md. Code Ann., Labor &
Empl. SS 3-501 et seq. See CompI., ECF NO.2.
removed to this Court. See ECF NO.1.
After Perez filed his complaint, Progressive
The parties filed a series of motions for extension of
time in order to conduct settlement discussions, which I approved.
On March 26, 2015, the
parties filed a joint status report stating that they had reached a settlement in this case. See ECF
No. 26. On June 17,2015, the parties jointly moved for approval of the settlement agreement
(the "Settlement Agreement") that they have executed. See Joint Mot., ECF No. 27; Settlement
Agr., ECF No. 27-3. I find the net amount Perez is to receive to be fair and reasonable in light of
the facts of this case. Additionally, I find that the proposed award of attorneys' fees to Perez's
attorneys is reasonable.
For these reasons, I will approve the joint settlement agreement and
Defendant Progressive is a Georgia corporation.
CompI. 1 & ~ 5.2 Perez worked for
Progressive from approximately 2011 through 2014. Id. ~ 11. During this time, Perez claimed
that he worked on average 47.5 hours per week and was never paid overtime wages. Id. ~ 14.
Plaintiff claims that he "is owed approximately $7,020 in overtime wages."
Id. ~~ 15 & 16.
Based on these allegations, Perez filed a three-count complaint seeking damages for all unpaid
wages, liquidated damages, and reasonable attorneys' fees and costs. Id. at 4-6.
however, dispute Perez's claims. See Joint Mem. 5.
On June 17,2015, the parties filed the pending Joint Motion for Approval of Settlement.
Attached to the motion is the Settlement Agreement,
which provides that Perez releases
unemployment insurance or indemnification as provided by state law as well as any other claims
that cannot lawfully be released."
See Settlement Agr. ~~ l(c) & l(e).
of the Settlement
It does not contain a
or a provision
governing whether Perez is the prevailing party for purposes of attorneys' fees or costs under 29
S 216(b), see
id., but it does include claims for attorneys' fees in the specific release, id.
~ 2(b). The $2,000.00 settlement splits into (1) $1,243.09 to Perez and (2) $756.91 to Perez's
I have reviewed carefully the Joint Motion for Settlement Approval, Memorandum in
Support, Joint Mem., ECF No. 27-1, Declaration of Plaintiffs Counsel, DecI., ECF No. 27-2,
and the Settlement Agreement; as well as the Complaint, ECF NO.2. A hearing is unnecessary
because the issues are presented adequately in the filings. See Loc. R. 105.6.
Plaintiff s complaint includes sections both with and without paragraph numbers. If
paragraph numbers exist, I will cite to them directly; if paragraph numbers do not exist, I will
cite to the page number.
lawyers in attorneys' fees and costs.
17% of Plaintiffs
Id. ~~ 2(a)-(b).
The attorneys' fees were calculated as
counsel's hourly fee multiplied by the number of hours that
counsel worked on the matter. See Decl., Ex. A.3
A. FLSA Settlement Generally
Congress enacted the FLSA to protect workers from the poor wages and long hours that
can result from significant inequalities in bargaining power between employers and employees.
To that end, the statute's provisions are mandatory and generally are not subject to bargaining,
waiver, or modification by contract or settlement.
697, 706 (l945).
See Brooklyn Sav. Bank v. 0 'Neil, 324 U.S.
settlement is an exception to that rule, "provided that the
settlement reflects a 'reasonable compromise of disputed issues' rather than 'a mere waiver of
statutory rights brought about by an employer's
Saman v. LBDP, Inc., No.
DKC-12-1083, 2013 WL 2949047, at *2 (D. Md. June 13,2013) (quoting Lynn's Food Stores,
Inc. v. United States, 679 F.2d 1350, 1354 (lIth Cir. 1982)).
Although the Fourth Circuit has not addressed the factors to be considered in approving
FLSA settlements, "district courts in this circuit typically employ the considerations set forth by
the Eleventh Circuit in Lynn's Food Stores." Id. at *3 (citing Hoffman v. First Student, Inc., No.
WDQ-06-1882, 2010 WL 1176641, at *2 (D. Md. Mar. 23, 2010); Lopez v. NTL LLC, 748 F.
Plaintiff s counsel has provided a time sheet that indicates that total of 12.1 hours of time
billed. See Dec!., Ex. A. This total of billed hours does not include 1.8 hours that are marked as
"NO CHARGE." Id. These numbers are not consistent with the hours billed listed in Plaintiffs
counsel's declaration, which indicates that Plaintiffs counsel billed 15.9 hours for case
,development and administration, pleadings work, motions practice, and settlement activities plus
an additional 8 hours of fee petition preparation. Id. ~ 6. There is no explanation for this
discrepancy. Throughout this memorandum, for the purposes of evaluating the reasonableness of
Plaintiffs attorneys' fees, I have used the 12.1 billed hours listed on Plaintiffs counsel's
timesheet as the total number of hours billed. Plaintiffs total attorneys' fees were $4,503.00.
See id. ~ 7 & Ex. A.
Supp. 2d 471, 478 (D. Md. 2010)).
The settlement must "reflect a fair and reasonable
resolution of a bona fide dispute over FLSA provisions," which includes findings with regard to
(1) whether there are FLSA issues actually in dispute, (2) the fairness and reasonableness of the
settlement in light of the relevant factors from Rule 23, and (3) the reasonableness
attorneys' fees, if included in the agreement. Id. (citing Lynn's Food Stores, 679 F.2d at 1355;
Lomascolo v. Parsons BrinckerhojJ, Inc., No. 08-1310,2009
WL 3094955, at *10 (E.D. Va.
Sept. 28, 2009); Lane v. Ko-Me, LLC, No. DKC-10-2261, 2011 WL 3880427, at *2-3 (D. Md.
Aug. 31, 2011 )). These factors are most likely to be satisfied where there is an "assurance of an
adversarial context" and the employee is "represented by an attorney who can protect [his] rights
under the statute." Lynn's Food Stores, 679 F.2d at 1354.
B. Bona Fide Dispute
In deciding whether a bona fide dispute exists as to a defendant's
liability under the
FLSA, courts examine the pleadings in the case, along with the representations and recitals in the
proposed settlement agreement.
See Lomascolo, 2009 WL 3094955, at * 16-17.
Motion and Memorandum, as well as the previous filings, make clear that an FLSA issue is in
bona fide dispute. The parties dispute "(i) whether Plaintiff has already been paid one and one
half times his regular rate of pay for all hours over forty; and (ii) if any wages are owed, whether
liquidated or treble damages are available." See Joint Mem. 4. Accordingly, bonafide disputes
exist as to Perez's claims.
C. Fairness & Reasonableness
In finding this settlement fair and reasonable, I should evaluate several factors, including:
"'(1) the extent of discovery that has taken place; (2) the stage of the proceedings, including the
complexity, expense and likely duration of the litigation; (3) the absence of fraud or collusion in
the settlement; (4) the experience of counsel who have represented the plaintiffs; (5) the opinions
of  counsel ...
; and (6) the probability of plaintiffs' success on the merits and the amount of
the settlement in relation to the potential recovery.'"
Saman, 2013 WL 2949047, at *3 (quoting
Lom'ascolo, 2009 WL 3094955, at * 10).
With regard to the first factor, the parties informally exchanged information.
sent detailed correspondence and documentation to counsel for Plaintiff in order to calculate pay
Joint Mem. 5. By avoiding formal discovery, resources that otherwise would
have been consumed by the litigation were made available for settlement, and the risk and
uncertainties for both parties were reduced.
The second, fourth, fifth, and sixth factors can be analyzed together. Perez is represented
by counsel with over fifteen years of practice. See Dec!. " 1 & 3. There is a significant dispute
with respect to the parties' assessment of the amount of overtime wages owed, if any. See Joint
Plaintiff claims that he is owed approximately $7,020.00 in overtime wages. Id. at 4.
This amount is exclusive of any liquidated or treble damages.
"Defendant produced records and documentation
As part of informal discovery,
showing that Plaintiff was paid overtime,
explaining the manner in which that overtime was reflected on Plaintiff s paystubs, and provided
copies of such paystubs." Id. at 5. According to the parties, "Defendant asserts that Plaintiff was
properly paid for all hours worked and that he was paid overtime at the proper rate for all hours
worked in excess of forty." Id. Further, Defendant asserts that its "pay practices were adopted
in good faith/'
which would foreclose the possibility of Perez receiving
liquidated damages. Id. Based on the documents provided by Progressive, "Defendant was able
to demonstrate that Plaintiff was given appropriate hourly compensation, instead of payment 'per
load' or delivery as represented on Plaintiffs payment documents.
Due to this information and
of some remaining disagreement regarding compensation,
agreed to a settlement .... " Id. at 6. In agreeing to the settlement, "[t]he Plaintiff has taken into
account the risk in proceeding, i.e., that Plaintiff was properly paid for all overtime hours worked
and that there is detailed documentation supporting that fact." ld. at 9. For these reasons, even
though the amount that Perez will recover under the Settlement Agreement is only 18% of the
unpaid wages asserted in his complaint (exclusive of possible liquidated or treble damages), the
amount that Perez will recover is a fair and reasonable settlement.
The Settlement Agreement contains a general release of claims beyond those specified in
the complaint or amended complaint. See Settlement Agr. ~~ l(c) & l(e). A general release like
this can render the agree men! umeasonable.
See, e.g., Moreno v. Regions Bank, 729 F. Supp. 2d
1346, 1352 (M.D. Fla. 2010) (concluding that "a pervasive release in an FLSA settlement
confers an uncompensated, unevaluated, and unfair benefit on the employer" that "fails judicial
(N.D. Cal. Dec. 19, 2012).
v. Fanklin Am. Mortg. Co., No. 10-5243,2012
WL 6629608, at *3
But, if the employee is compensated reasonably for the release
executed, the settlement can be accepted, and I am not required to evaluate the reasonableness of
the settlement as to the non-FLSA claims.
See Saman, 2013 WL 2949047, at *5 (citing
Robertson v. Ther-Rx Corp., No. 09-1010-MHT, 2011 WL 1810193, at *2 (M.D. Ala. May 12,
2011); Bright v. Mental Health Res. Ctr., Inc., No. 09-1010, 2012 WL 868804, at *2 (M.D. Fla.
Mar. 14, 2012)).
Further, the general release does not apply to certain claims relating to
worker's compensation benefits, unemployment insurance or indemnification, and other claims
that may not be waived under state law. Settlement Agi'. ~ 1(e). Perez will recover almost 18%
of the wages that he alleges were unpaid. See Joint Mem. 6. There is no indication that he has
any other claims against Progressive that would be foreclosed by this settlement agreement, and
therefore there is no indication that this general release harms him or provides an uncompensated
benefit to Progressive.
For these reasons and in light of the parties' agreement that Perez
received "appropriate hourly compensation," see id., I find that the settlement fairly compensates
Plaintiff for the general release in the Settlement Agreement.
The parties do not provide expressly that Perez is not a prevailing party, but they also do
not seek entry of judgment.
See Settlement Agr. ~ 4. Previously, I acknowledged that some
courts view settlements without a stipulated judgment as per se unreasonable.
Scotts Co. LLC, 30 F. Supp. 3d 404,410-411
See Duprey v.
(D. Md. 2014) (citing, inter alia, Lynn's Food
Stores, 679 F.2d at 1353; Dionne v. Floormasters Enters., Inc., 667 F.3d 1199, 1205 (lIth Cir.
However, in the absence of clear binding authority to the contrary, a plaintiff "is
permitted to agree that-. in light of the bona fide disputes as to liability and the costs and risks of
proceeding on the merits-accepting
a lesser amount than he ultimately could receive at trial is
Id. Perez's settlement, like that in Duprey, "is better viewed as a stipulation to an
amount that fairly compensates [Plaintiff] for the release, given the specific risks of the case at
bar, rather than an impermissible waiver under Brooklyn Savings." Id. The amount provided in
consideration for his release is fair and reasonable in light of the particular circumstances of this
case, including his acknowledgement that he received "appropriate hourly compensation" for his
work. See Joint Mem. 6.
Finally, there is no suggestion of fraud or collusion, and Perez's counsel represented him
from the outset of the case. See CompI.; see also Lomascolo, 2009 WL 3094955, at *12 ("There
is a presumption that no fraud or collusion occurred between counsel, in the absence of any
evidence to the contrary."). Having considered these factors, I find that the settlement is fair and
reasonable. See Saman, 2013 WL 2949047, at *3; Lomascolo, 2009 WL 3094955, at *10.
D. Attorneys' Fees
Next, the Settlement Agreement's provisions regarding attorneys' fees must be assessed
Saman, 2013 WL 2949047, at *6.
attorneys under an hourly fee arrangement.
Perez appears to have retained his
See Decl. ~ 6. Three attorneys worked on this case:
Mary Lombardo, Jonathan Lieberman, and Eduardo Garcia. Lombardo and Lieberman both had
practiced law for approximately 16 years and charged between $395 and $420 per hour, which is
consistent with this Court's guidelines as set forth in its Local Rules for attorneys with their
experience. See Rules and Guidelines for Determining Attorneys' Fees in Certain Cases, Loc. R.
App'x B. Garcia had practiced law for approximately one year and charged between $225 and
$275 per hour, which exceeds the range of$150-225
attorney with his experience.
as set forth in this Court's local rules for an
See id. However, these hourly rates do not reflect Plaintiffs
counsel's agreement to "reduce their fees in light of settlement." See Joint Mem. 6.
Notably, under 29 U.S.C.
'''the wronged employee should receive his full
wages plus the [liquidated damages] penalty without incurring any expense for legal fees or
Silva v. Miller, 307 F. App'x 349, 351 (lIth Cir. 2009) (quoting Maddrix v. Dize, 153
F.2d 274, 275-76 (4th Cir. 1946) (emphasis added)); see Robertson v. Alaska Juneau Gold
Mining Co., 157 F.2d 876,879
(9th Cir. 1946), cert. granted in part, judgment modified, 331
U.S. 793 (l947); Skidmore v. John J Casale, Inc., 160 F.2d 527, 531 (2d Cir. 1947). "The court
in such an action shall, in addition to any judgment awarded to th~ plaintiff or plaintiffs, allow a
reasonable attorney's fee to be paid by the defendant, and costs of the action."
"FLSA requires judicial review of the reasonableness of counsel's legal fees to assure
both that counsel is compensated adequately and that no conflict of interest taints the amount the
wronged employee recovers under a settlement agreement." Silva, 307 F. App'x at 351.
The starting point in evaluating the reasonableness of attorneys' fees in FLSA cases is the
lodestar approach. See Lyle v. Food Lion, Inc., 954 F.2d 984, 988 (4th Cir. 1992). Traditionally,
"[i]n calculating an award of attorney's fees, the Court must determine the lodestar amount,
defined as a 'reasonable hourly rate multiplied by hours reasonably expended. '" Lopez v. XTEL
Const. Grp., LLC, 838 F. Supp. 2d 346, 348 (D. Md. 2012) (citing Grissom v. The Mills Corp.,
549 F.3d 313,320-21
(4th Cir. 2008); Plyler v. Evatt, 902 F.2d 273,277
(4th Cir. 1990)). An
hourly rate is reasonable if it is "in line with those prevailing in the community for similar
services by lawyers of reasonably comparable skill, experience, and reputation."
Stenson, 465 U.S. 886, 890 n.ll
(1984); see Thompson v. HUD, No. MJG-95-309, 2002 WL
31777631, at *6 n.18 (D. Md. Nov. 21, 2002) (same). In Appendix B to its Local Rules, this
Court has established rates that are presumptively reasonable for lodestar calculations.
Poole ex reI. Elliott v. Textron, Inc., 192 F.R.D. 494, 509 (D. Md. 2000).
fees and costs requested in the Settlement Agreement total $756.91.
Settlement Agr. ~ 2(b). A lodestar calculation of attorneys' fees at the hourly rates listed on the
attorneys' timesheet should total $4,503.00 for the 12.1 hours that Plaintiffs
counsel billed on
this case. Id. The timesheet also indicates that Plaintiffs counsel incurred an additional $90.24
in litigation costs.
The parties state the "[t]he attorneys' fees were negotiated separately
from the amount to be paid directly to Plaintiff and reviewed by Plaintiffs Counsel together with
Plaintiff in relation to their respective fee agreement."
Joint Mem. 6. Plaintiffs counsel reduced
their fees "in light of settlement." Id. As a result of this reduction, the proposed fee and expense
amount of $756.91 represents approximately 16% of the total fee and expense amount reflected
See Decl., Ex. A. As a result, the hourly rate by which
Plaintiff s counsel would be compensated under the Settlement Agreement is significantly lower
than the fee guidelines in this Court's Local Rules.
hours that Plaintiffs
See Loc. R. App'x B. Further, the 12.1
counsel spent working on this case, which included preparing
complaint, engaging in informal discovery, filing motions, and participating
discussions, is reasonable. I find that the billed rates and hours are reasonable. Accordingly, the
attorneys' fee award and reimbursement of expenses totaling $756.91 will be APPROVED.
For the reasons explained above, the net amount proposed to resolve Perez's claims
provides a fair and reasonable
as to bona fide
disputes of FLSA liability.
fees proposed to be awarded to his counsel are reasonable.
Accordingly, I will grant the parties' joint motion for settlement approval.
Accordingly, for the reasons explained above, it is, this 8th day of December, 2015,
hereby ORDERED that
1. The Joint Motion for Approval of Settlement, ECF No. 27, IS GRANTED;
2. The Settlement Agreement and General Release of All Claims, ECF No. 27-3,
attached as Exhibit 3 to the Joint Motion for Approval of Settlement, IS APPROVED;
3. The Plaintiffs Complaint IS DISMISSED with prejudice; and
4. The Clerk SHALL CLOSE this case.
Paul W. Grimm
United States Distric Judge
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