Lucas v. Lucas et al
MEMORANDUM. Signed by Judge Paul W. Grimm on 6/3/2015. (kns, Deputy Clerk)(c/m 6/3/15)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND
CHRISTINE M. LUCAS
Trustee Robert Lucas Family Trust
JONNIE LUCAS, SR.
RICHARD HIGH, SR.
HONORABLE JUDGE JOHN W.
CIVIL ACTION NO. PWG-15-1435
Plaintiff, a resident of Cabin John, Maryland, filed this self-represented complaint invoking
this Court’s 28 U.S.C. § 1331 federal question jurisdiction and citing to civil rights provisions,
Article XIII, and “Uniform Trust Law.” ECF No. 1. The complaint seemingly challenges an
administrative trust and seeks an injunction to enjoin the Circuit Court for Montgomery County from
“aiding in the illegal trading” of her Cabin John, Maryland property which is currently for sale based
upon an alleged illegal foreclosure action. Id. Plaintiff alleges that her pleadings in the Circuit Court
were denied, thus thwarting her ability to allow the liquidation and distribution of her father’s trust
so that his wishes would be followed and she would inherit properties as he intended. Id. Plaintiff
claims that the former trustee of the Trust, Jonnie Lucas, Sr., used the property’s assets to obtain
loans through misrepresentation, fraud, and breaches of fiduciary responsibility. She further
references a number of civil actions filed in the Circuit Court for Montgomery County involving the
Trust and foreclosure of the Cabin John property. 1 Id. at 8-13 & 15-18.
Attachments to the complaint include photocopies, plats, and deeds of the Cabin John property; an
envelope from the Circuit Court for Montgomery County; an article regarding the U.S. Justice Department’s
Plaintiff is no stranger to this Court. In Lucas v. Bierman, Geesing, Ward, LLC, et al., Civil
Action No. DKC-11-161 (D. Md.), Plaintiff sued CitiMortgage and the law firm who was pursuing
the foreclosure sale of the Cabin John, Maryland property on CitiMortgage’s behalf. The complaint
was dismissed on CitiMortgage’s motion to dismiss, the Court finding that Plaintiff had failed to set
out a federal question and there was no federal subject matter jurisdiction. Id. at ECF Nos. 15 & 16.
On April 23, 2013, Plaintiff again filed suit against CitiMortgage, Inc., collaterally attacking
state court orders involving the Cabin John property. See Lucas v. CitiMortgage, Inc., Civil Action
No. AW-13-1196 (D. Md.). The complaint was summarily dismissed on May 22, 2013, under the
Rooker-Feldman doctrine and claim and issue preclusion. Id. at ECF Nos. 6 & 7. On October 24,
2013, that determination was affirmed on appeal by the United States Court of Appeals for the
Fourth Circuit. See Lucas v. CitiMortgage, Inc., 544 F. App’x 195 (4th Cir. 2013). Plaintiff again
filed suit against CitiMortgage, Inc. on March 25, 2014, in Lucas v. CitiMortgage, Inc., Civil Action
No. PJM-14-915 (D. Md.), again raising issues regarding the family trust and the fraudulent conduct
committed by her brother Jonnie Lucas, Sr. She sought damages under 28 U.S.C. § 1331, 42 U.S.C.
§ 1982, and Article XIII of the U.S. Constitution.
On April 14, 2014, the Court summarily
dismissed the case, again invoking the Rooker-Feldman doctrine, claim and issue preclusion, and res
judicata. Id. at ECF Nos. 3 & 4. The Fourth Circuit again affirmed the judgment on July 31, 2014.
See Lucas v. CitiMortgage, Inc., 5804 F. App’x 187 (4th Cir. 2014).
settlement with Citigroup, Inc.; a transcript portion from what may be a Congressional Black Caucus hearing;
Plaintiff’s notice and letter to the United States Attorney and the Federal Bureau of Investigation; and printouts from residential property internet listings. ECF Nos. 1-1 to 1-12. The attachments also include state court
orders and pleadings issued by Montgomery Court Circuit Court Judges and filed by Plaintiff and
CitiMortgage, Inc. in state court. ECF Nos. 1-13 to 1-19.
This case represents the fourth time Plaintiff has attempted to litigate her issues with the
Robert Lucas Family Trust (“Trust”), the foreclosure of the Cabin John property in question, and
state court actions in Montgomery County, Maryland. This she may not do.
To the extent that Plaintiff is attempting to collaterally attack state court orders involving the
Cabin John property, the Rooker-Feldman doctrine will not permit her to do so. In District of
Columbia Court of Appeals v. Feldman, 460 U.S. 462 (1983), and Rooker v. Fidelity Trust
Company, 263 U.S. 413 (1923), the Supreme Court formulated a general rule that distinguishes
general constitutional challenges to state laws and regulations, over which federal courts have
jurisdiction, from requests for review of specific state court decisions, over which they have no
jurisdiction. Federal claims that are “inextricably intertwined with” state court decisions in judicial
proceedings fall outside of the federal court’s jurisdiction. See Feldman, 460 U.S. at 486-87. The
Rooker-Feldman doctrine is “confined to cases of the kind from which the doctrine acquired its
name: cases brought by state-court losers complaining of injuries caused by state-court judgments
rendered before the district court proceedings commenced and inviting district court review and
rejection of those judgments.” Exxon Mobil Corp. v. Saudi Basic Indus. Corp., 544 U.S. 280, 284;
see also Lance v. Dennis, 546 U.S. 459, 460 (2006); Davani v. Va. Dep’t of Transp., 434 F.3d 712
(2006). Simply put, the Rooker-Feldman doctrine is a judicially-created doctrine that bars lower
federal courts from reviewing certain state court actions. If the source of the alleged injury is the
state court decision, then the Rooker-Feldman doctrine will apply to divest the district court of
jurisdiction. See Hoblock v. Albany County Bd. of Elections, 422 F.3d 77, 87 (2d Cir. 2005).
Further, consideration of Plaintiff’s claims would require me to reconsider prior state court
decisions, including orders and judgments determining real property rights.
allegations are “inextricably intertwined” with decisions of Maryland state courts, the Court lacks
subject matter jurisdiction of these claims under Rooker-Feldman. 2 See 28 U.S.C. § 1257.
Additionally, any state court decision is entitled to both issue and claim preclusive effect. See 28
U.S.C. § 1738; Migra v. Warren City Sch. Dist. Bd. of Educ., 465 U.S. 75, 84-86 (1984). Federal
courts must give the state judgments the same effect as would the courts of the judgment state. 3
The complaint shall be dismissed. A separate order will issue.
Date: June 3, 2015
Paul W. Grimm
United States District Judge
The Supreme Court held in Rooker v. Fidelity Tr. Co., 263 U.S. 413, 415-16 (1923) and District of
Columbia Court of Appeals v. Feldman, 460 U.S. 462, 482-86 (1983) (“the Rooker-Feldman doctrine”) that a
United States District Court has no authority to review final judgments of a state court in judicial proceedings
except for general constitutional challenges and reviews pursuant to an application for a writ of habeas corpus.
The United States Supreme Court is the only federal court that may review a state court’s judicial decisions.
See 28 U.S.C. § 1257(a).
In Maryland, res judicata applies when there has been a final judgment on the merits, there exists
identity of the parties or privies, and the causes of action in successive suits are the same. See Snell v. Mayor
of Havre de Grace, 837 F.2d 173, 175 (4th Cir. 1988). Further, under Maryland law collateral estoppel applies
if the issue decided in prior adjudication is identical to issue in the present action, there was a prior final
judgment on the merits, and the party against whom the decision is being used was party to the prior action.
O’Reilly v. Cnty. Bd. of Appeals, 900 F.2d 789, 791 (4th Cir. 1990).
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