Eady v. The State Of Maryland et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION (c/m to Petitioner 10/4/17 sat). Signed by Judge Deborah K. Chasanow on 10/4/2017. (sat, Chambers)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND
THE STATE OF MARYLAND, and
THE ATTORNEY GENERAL OF THE
STATE OF MARYLAND
Civil Action No. DKC-15-2470
On August 20, 2015, Rashad Eady, filed the instant 28 U.S.C. § 2254 habeas corpus
petition attacking his conviction entered in the Circuit Court for Baltimore County. ECF No. 1.1
Respondents filed an answer arguing that the petition must be dismissed as Petitioner failed to
exhaust his state court remedies. ECF No. 4. Petitioner was directed to provide evidence that his
claims had been properly exhausted (ECF No. 5) and was advised that failure to respond could
result in the dismissal of the petition without further notice. Id. Petitioner was also advised of
the one year statute of limitations for federal habeas petitions and that dismissal of this petition
could result in any future petitions being filed outside the applicable statute of limitations. Id.
Petitioner did not reply.
The court finds no need for an evidentiary hearing. See Rule 8(a), Rules Governing
Section 2254 Cases in the United States District Courts; Local Rule 105.6 (D. Md. 2016). For
reasons that follow, the petition will be dismissed without prejudice for lack of exhaustion and a
Certificate of Appealability will not issue.
Citation is to the court’s electronic docket.
On April 26, 2013, Petitioner was found guilty, along with Stephen Eaton, of kidnapping,
armed robbery, armed carjacking, first degree assault, theft, and the illegal use of a firearm by a
jury sitting in the Circuit Court for Baltimore County. ECF No. 4-1, p. 3. He was sentenced on
September 4, 2013, to a total term of confinement of 95 years. Id., pp. 3-10. Petitioner, along
with his codefendant, noted a timely appeal (id., p. 12) raising the following claims:
Did the trial court err in denying Appellants’ motions for severance of the
Did the trial court err in admitting lay opinion evidence that the wearing of
gloves prevents an individual from leaving fingerprints?
Did the trial court err or abuse its discretion in admitting evidence that the
lead detective had “met with” Appellants, and in denying a resulting motion for
Did the trial court err at sentencing in considering charges which did not
result in conviction?
Was the evidence legally insufficient to sustain the convictions with
respect to Mr. Faidley [one of the victims]?
ECF No. 4-2, p. 7.
Petitioner’s appeal was denied on February 4, 2015. ECF No. 4-4; ECF No. 4-1, p. 13.
Petitioner filed a self- represented petition for writ of certiorari raising solely the issue of trial
court error in regard to the denial of the motion for severance of the charges. ECF No. 4-5. The
Court of Appeals denied Petitioner’s request for further review on May 27, 2015. Id., p. 9.
Petitioner’s judgment became final for direct appeal purposes on August 25, 2015, when the time
for seeking review in the Supreme Court expired. See Sup. Ct. Rule 13.1 (requiring petition for
writ of certiorari to be filed within 90 days of judgment from which appeal is sought). Petitioner
has not sought post-conviction relief.2 ECF No. 4-1; ECF No. 1, p. 3.
Here, Petitioner claims that his constitutional rights were violated because the State filed
a criminal information in his case rather than an indictment and no grand jury proceedings were
held. ECF No. 1-3. Petitioner also alleges that his appellate counsel erred in failing to raise this
claim on direct appeal. ECF No. 1, p. 6.
When filing a federal habeas corpus application under 28 U.S.C. § 2254, a petitioner
must show that all of his claims have been presented to the state courts. See 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)
and (c); see also Preiser v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 475, 491 (1973). This exhaustion requirement is
satisfied by seeking review of the claim in the highest state court with jurisdiction to consider it.
For a person convicted of a criminal offense in Maryland this may be accomplished either on
direct appeal or in post-conviction proceedings.
To exhaust a claim on direct appeal in non-capital cases, it must be raised in an appeal, if
one is permitted, to the Maryland Court of Special Appeals and then to the Maryland Court of
Appeals by way of a petition for writ of certiorari. See Md. Code Ann., Cts. & Jud. Proc. § 12201 and § 12-301.
If an appeal of right is not permitted, as in cases where a guilty plea is entered,
exhaustion can be accomplished by filing an application for leave to appeal to the Court of
Special Appeals. Md. Code Ann., Cts. & Jud. Proc. § 12-302(e). If the Court of Special Appeals
denies the application, there is no further review available and the claim is exhausted. Md. Code
Ann., Cts. & Jud. Proc. § 12-202. However, if the application is granted but relief on the merits
Review of the Maryland Judiciary Case Search shows that to date Petitioner has not instituted state postconviction proceedings. See http://casesearch.courts.state.md.us (last visited October 4, 2017).
of the claim is denied, the petitioner must file a petition for writ of certiorari to the Court of
Appeals. Williams v. State, 438 A. 2d, 1301, 1305 (1981).
To exhaust a claim through post-conviction proceedings, it must be raised in a petition
filed in the Circuit Court and in an application for leave to appeal to the Court of Special
Appeals. Md. Code Ann., Crim. Proc. § 7-109. If the Court of Special Appeals denies the
application, there is no further review available and the claim is exhausted. Md. Code Ann., Cts.
& Jud. Proc. § 12-202. However, if the application is granted but relief on the merits of the
claim is denied, the petitioner must file a petition for writ of certiorari to the Court of Appeals.
Petitioner has not begun, much less completed, post-conviction review. See ECF No. 1.
Under Maryland law, ineffective assistance of counsel claims generally are required to be raised
in post-conviction proceedings, not on direct appeal. Colvin v. State, 472 A.2d 953, 965 (1984).
It is evident that neither of the claims presented here have been presented to any state court. The
petition will be dismissed without prejudice as unexhausted.
Under the amendments to Rule 11(a) of the Rules Governing Proceedings under Section
2254 “the district court must issue or deny a certificate of appealability [COA] when it enters a
final order adverse to the applicant…If the court issues a certificate, the court must state the
specific issue or issues that satisfy the showing required by 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2).” A COA
may issue only if the petitioner “has made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional
right.” 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2); see Buck v. Davis, 137 S. Ct. 759, 773 (February 22, 2017).
When a district court dismisses a habeas petition solely on procedural grounds, a
certificate of appealability will not issue unless the petitioner can demonstrate both “(1) ‘that
jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the petition states a valid claim of the denial of
a constitutional right’ and (2) ‘that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the district
court was correct in its procedural ruling.’” Rouse v. Lee, 252 F.3d 676, 684 (4th Cir.2001)
(quoting Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000)). Petitioner fails to meet this standard and
a Certificate of Appealability shall not issue. 3
October 4, 2017
DEBORAH K. CHASANOW
United States District Judge
Denial of a certificate of appealability in the district court does not preclude Petitioner from requesting one
from the Court of Appeals.
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