Hodge et al v. Bank of America Corporation et al
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER Dismissing the Complaint without Prejudice; Plaintiffs shall have thirty (30) days from the date of this order to file an amended Complaint in accordance with this Memorandum and Order, otherwise the dismissal shall be with prej udice; denying 2 Motion for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis; denying 3 Motion for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis; denying 4 Motion for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis; denying 5 Motion for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis; denying as moot 6 Motion to Attach Exhibits. Signed by Judge Roger W Titus on 2/19/2016. (c/m 2/22/16 cags, Deputy Clerk)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND
CHANTE’ NICOLE HODGE, et al.,
BANK OF AMERICA CORP., et al.
Case No. RWT 16cv269
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
The Court has reviewed Plaintiffs’ Complaint and Motions for Leave to Proceed in forma
pauperis. ECF Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. For the reasons that follow, this case shall be dismissed
without prejudice, and the Motions to Proceed in forma pauperis shall be denied.
In their Complaint, Plaintiffs allege that the Defendants violated 42 U.S.C. § 2000a and
42 U.S.C. § 12181(7)(f). ECF No. 1, at 9. They further claim they are entitled to relief for
“humiliation and embarrassment,” “mental anguish,” “deceit and coercing,” and “intentional
infliction of emotional distress.” Id. at 9–10. These claims stem from two incidents in which
Bank of America allegedly refused to cash two checks which were drawn on a Bank of America
account, eventually cashing only one of the checks. Id. at 3–8. The Plaintiffs do not have Bank
of America accounts. See id. at 8. The Plaintiffs claim the “‘white’” Defendants refused to cash
the checks because the “Plaintiffs are African Americans.” Id. at 2. They allege that “‘white’
and ‘Hispanic’ customers” were “cashing checks and mak[ing] withdraws and received service
from the Bank of America in which plaintiffs tried to cash their checks on both days, yet they
were refused the same services as other races of people.” Id. at 7.
As a preliminary matter, “[t]here is no federal law or regulation that requires national
banks to cash checks for noncustomers. Most banks have policies that allow check cashing
services only for customers who have an account with them in order to protect both themselves
and their customers from forgeries.” Office of the Comptroller of Currency, Answers about
Cashing Checks, HelpWithMyBank.gov, http://www.helpwithmybank.gov/get-answers/bankaccounts/checks-cashing/faq-banking-check-cashing-03.html (last accessed Feb. 19, 2016).
Thus, the Defendants had no obligation to cash the checks or give any explanation for why they
chose not to cash them.
Furthermore, the Plaintiffs’ Complaint fails to meet even the liberal standard to which
courts hold pro se pleadings.
See Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 (2007).
construction does not allow a court to ignore a clear failure in the pleading to allege facts which
set forth a claim cognizable in a federal district court. See Weller v. Dep’t of Soc. Servs.,
901 F.2d 387, 391 (4th Cir. 1990). Aside from a bare allegation that customers of other races
were receiving services, they have not alleged any facts to support their claims. As an example
of the numerous glaring omissions, the Plaintiffs have not alleged facts sufficient to show that
the other customers were permitted to cash checks without a Bank of America account. Nor
have they alleged facts sufficient to meet the extremely high standard necessary to prove a claim
for intentional infliction of emotional distress. See Harris v. Jones, 281 Md. 560, 571–72,
380 A.2d 611, 616–17 (1977).
The Plaintiffs’ Motions for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis are equally wanting.
Notably, neither the trust on which the one check was drawn nor the checks themselves appear
on the applications. See ECF Nos. 3, 4. Additionally, the value of the less than two year old
2014 Nissan Altima has been severely underreported. See Used Car Prices for Nissan Altima,
&intent=buy-used&mileage=32401&condition=good&pricetype=retail (listing fair market value
of typical 2014 Nissan Altima in good condition as more than $13,000) (last visited
Feb. 19, 2016); ECF No. 2, at 3 (listing value of 2014 Nissan Altima as $1,500).
omissions cast doubt on the veracity of the applications. Even if those concerns are overlooked,
the reported income of the Plaintiffs, collectively, who are three adults and one minor living in
the same house, disqualifies them from proceeding in forma pauperis because their income
substantially exceeds their expenses.
Finally, if Plaintiffs choose to refile their Complaint, they are reminded that this is not
their first experience in federal court. They should therefore be familiar with the requirements
regarding representation of minors and the content of pleadings. As Judge Grimm clearly
explained to the Plaintiffs last year in Hodge v. Six Flags Entertainment Corporation, et al.,
ECF No. 11, 14-cv-3427-PWG (March 26, 2015), Beersheva, a minor, must be represented by
counsel. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 17(c)(2); Myers v. Loudoun Cnty. Pub. Schs., 418 F.3d 395, 400
(4th Cir. 2005) (holding that a non-attorney guardian does not have the authority to litigate a
child’s claim pro se). Additionally, the Plaintiffs are forewarned that any pleadings or motions
filed with the court must meet the requirements of Rules 8 and 11 of the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure. Plaintiffs should take particular note of the requirements that all “claims . . . and
other legal contentions are warranted by existing law or by a nonfrivolous argument for
extending, modifying, or reversing existing law or for establishing new law” and that “the factual
contentions have evidentiary support.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 11(b)(2)–(3). Failure to abide by these
requirements may result in dismissal.
Accordingly, it is, this 19th day of February, 2016, by the United States District Court for
the District of Maryland
ORDERED, that the Complaint is DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE and the
Plaintiffs shall have thirty (30) days from the date of this order to file an amended Complaint in
accordance with this Memorandum and Order, otherwise the dismissal shall be with prejudice;
and it is further
ORDERED, that the Motions to Proceed in forma pauperis (ECF Nos. 2, 3, 4, and 5) are
DENIED; and it is further
ORDERED, that the Motion to Attach Exhibits (ECF No. 6) is DENIED AS MOOT;
and it is further
ORDERED, that the Clerk SHALL MAIL a copy of this Order to all parties.
ROGER W. TITUS
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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