Khan v. CITIBANK
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Paula Xinis on 2/21/2017. (jf3s, Deputy Clerk)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND
Civil Action No. PX 16-3121
Pending in this bankruptcy appeal is Appellant Jamal Khan’s motion requesting
additional time to file his brief, (ECF No. 10), and Appellee Citibank’s motion to dismiss the
appeal based on Appellant’s failure to file his brief, (ECF No. 11). For the foregoing reasons,
Appellant’s motion is denied as moot and Appellee’s motion is denied.
On September 9, 2016, Appellant Jamal Kahn, appearing pro se, filed a Notice of Appeal
in this Court, ECF No. 1, and filed an amended Notice of Appeal on September 12, 2016. ECF
No. 2. The Designation of Record was docketed on September 30, 2016 (ECF No. 5), making
Appellant’s brief due on October 31, 2016 pursuant to Federal Rule of Bankruptcy 8018(a)(1).
On November 2, 2016, Appellant filed a motion requesting additional time to file his
brief. ECF No. 8. The Court granted his motion on November 4, 2016, allowing Appellant to file
his brief on or before November 15, 2016. ECF No. 9. On November 14, 2016, Appellant filed
another motion requesting additional time to file his brief, stating that the brief would be filed
not later than December 15. ECF No. 10. He explained that he was unable to complete his brief
on time because he had recently been evicted and was homeless. Id. On December 30, 2016,
Appellee filed a motion to dismiss the appeal pursuant to Rule 8018(a)(4) for Appellant’s failure
to file his initial brief. ECF No. 11. Appellant then submitted a brief on January 27, 2017. ECF
When deciding whether to dismiss an appeal as untimely filed in violation of Fed. R.
Bankr. P. 8018, the Court must consider: “(1) whether there has been bad faith or negligence on
the part of the appellant; (2) whether appellant had ‘notice or an opportunity to explain the
delay’; (3) ‘whether the delay had any possible prejudicial effect on the other parties’; and (4) the
‘impact of the sanction and available alternatives.’” Zewdie v. PNC Bank, N.A., PJM-15-2167,
2016 WL 640804, at *1 (D. Md. Feb. 18, 2016) (quoting In re SPR Corp., 45 F.3d 70, 72 (4th
Cir. 1995)); see In re Silver Spring Family Med. Ctr., LLC, TDC-15-8334, 2016 WL 827387, at
*3 (D. Md. Mar. 3, 2016) (“When deciding whether to dismiss an appeal for an untimely, nonjurisdictional filing, the court considers whether (1) the appellant acted in bad faith or
negligently; (2) the appellant had an opportunity to explain the delay; (3) the delay prejudiced
the appellee; and (4) sanctions short of dismissal would be appropriate.”).
In applying this test, the court must “consider and balance all relevant factors,” and “bear
in mind that, although dismissal is an option, less drastic alternatives must be considered,”
because dismissal “is a harsh sanction which . . . must not [be] impose[d] lightly.” In re SPR
Corp., 45 F.3d 70, 73–74 (4th Cir. 1995) (quoting In re Serra Builders, Inc., 970 F.2d 1309,
1311 (4th Cir. 1992)).
Here, the Court finds dismissal inappropriate because Appellant has since filed his brief.
Additionally, Appellee has not claimed that any prejudice resulting from Appellant’s late filing.
Therefore, Appellee’s motion to dismiss (ECF No. 11) is denied and Appellant’s request for
additional time (ECF No. 10) is denied as moot. Appellee shall serve and file its brief within
thirty (30) days of this Memorandum Opinion and Order. A separate Order will follow.
United States District Judge
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