Ellis v. Panco Management of NJ, LLC
MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Paula Xinis on 9/25/2017. (aos, Deputy Clerk)
Case 8:17-cv-00310-PX Document 20 Filed 09/25/17 Page 1 of 5
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND
Case No.: PX-17-310
Panco Management of New Jersey, LLC
Plaintiff Bobbie Ellis (“Plaintiff” or “Ellis”) and Defendant Panco Management of NJ,
LLC (“Defendant”) jointly move for approval of a settlement agreement. Plaintiffs filed this
action alleging that Defendants denied them overtime pay in violation of the Fair Labor
Standards Act (“FLSA”), 29 U.S.C. § 201 et seq., and the Maryland Wage and Hour Law
(“MWHL”), Md. Code, Lab. & Empl. Article (“LE”) § 3-401 et seq., and the Maryland Wage
Payment and Collection Law (“MWPCL”), Md. Code, LE § 3-501 et seq. ECF No. 18.
The Court has reviewed the Complaint, the parties’ Joint Motion for Approval of
Settlement Agreement, and the Settlement Agreement and Release. ECF Nos. 4, 18 & 18-1. For
the reasons explained below, the Court finds that bona fide disputes exist under the FLSA, the
settlement agreement is a fair and reasonable compromise of the disputes, and the attorney’s fees
are reasonable. See Lynn’s Food Stores, Inc. v. United States, 679 F.2d 1350, 1355 (11th Cir.
1982); Leigh v. Bottling Group, LLC, No. DKC 10-0218, 2012 WL 460468, at * 4 (D. Md. Feb.
10, 2012); Lopez v. NTI, LLC, 748 F. Supp. 2d 471, 478 (D. Md. 2010). Therefore, the Court
will GRANT the motion and instruct the clerk to close this case.
Case 8:17-cv-00310-PX Document 20 Filed 09/25/17 Page 2 of 5
Plaintiff worked as a leasing agent for Defendant between November 4, 2014 and
September 8, 2016. ECF No. 4, at ¶ 7-8. Plaintiff alleges that she was denied overtime wages
during this time period for hours worked in excess of forty hours per work week. Id. at ¶ 13.
Plaintiff filed suit on February 2, 2017. ECF No. 1. The parties immediately engaged in
ongoing settlement discussions and exchanged informal discovery. See ECF No. 18, at ¶ 4. On
September 6, 2017, the parties submitted the Joint Motion for Settlement Approval. Id.
A. FLSA Settlements
The FLSA does not permit settlement or compromise over alleged FLSA violations
except with (1) supervision by the Secretary of Labor or (2) a judicial finding that the settlement
reflects “a reasonable compromise of disputed issues” rather than “a mere waiver of statutory
rights brought about by an employer’s overreaching.” Lynn’s Food Stores, Inc., 679 F.2d at
1354; see also Lopez, 748 F. Supp. 2d at 478 (explaining that courts assess FLSA settlements for
reasonableness). These restrictions help carry out the purpose of the FLSA, which was enacted
“to protect workers from the poor wages and long hours that can result from significant
inequalities in bargaining power between employers and employees.” Duprey v. Scotts Co. LLC,
30 F. Supp. 3d. 404, 407 (D. Md. 2014). Before approving an FLSA settlement, courts must
evaluate whether the “settlement proposed by an employer and employees . . . is a fair and
reasonable resolution of a bona fide dispute over FLSA provisions.” Lynn’s Food Stores, Inc.,
679 F.2d at 1355 (emphasis added). To do so, courts examine whether there are FLSA issues
actually in dispute, the fairness and reasonableness of the settlement, and the reasonableness of
the attorney’s fees. Duprey, 30 F. Supp. 3d. at 408. “These factors are most likely to be satisfied
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where there is an ‘assurance of an adversarial context’ and the employee is ‘represented by an
attorney who can protect [his] rights under the statute.’” Id. (citing Lynn’s Food Stores, Inc., 679
F.2d at 1354).
B. Bona Fide Dispute
In determining whether a bona fide dispute over FLSA liability exists, the Court reviews
the pleadings, any subsequent court filings, and the parties’ recitals in the proposed settlement.
See Lomascolo v. Parsons Brinkernoff, Inc., No. 1:08cv1310 (AJT/JFA), 2009 WL 3094955 at
*10 (E.D. Va. Sept. 28, 2009). Here, while Plaintiff claimed she was denied overtime wages,
Defendant initially contested Plaintiff’s position and even in settlement does not admit liability.
ECF Nos. 9, 18 at ¶ 3. Whether Plaintiff is entitled to overtime wages as a covered employee
under the FLSA is a fact-specific inquiry that is frequently at the heart of FLSA litigation. See,
e.g., Schultz v. Capital Int’l Sec., Inc., 466 F.3d 298 (4th Cir. 2006). Accordingly, the Court
finds that a bona fide dispute existed between the parties.
C. Fairness & Reasonableness
In determining whether a settlement of FLSA claims is fair and reasonable, the
Court may consider the following:
(1) the extent of discovery that has taken place; (2) the stage of the
proceedings, including the complexity, expense and likely duration
of the litigation; (3) the absence of fraud or collusion in the
settlement; (4) the experience of counsel who have represented the
plaintiffs; (5) the opinions of class counsel and class members after
receiving notice of the settlement whether expressed directly or
through failure to object; and (6) the probability of plaintiffs’
success on the merits and the amount of the settlement in relation
to the potential recovery.
Lomascolo, 2009 WL 3094955, at *10. Here, the exhibits supporting the request for attorney’s
fees demonstrate that the parties devoted a significant amount of time to settlement negotiations
Case 8:17-cv-00310-PX Document 20 Filed 09/25/17 Page 4 of 5
which spanned months. ECF No. 19, at 2. The parties also began the discovery process both
formally and informally. Id. Thus, the parties had sufficient opportunity to “obtain and review
evidence, to evaluate their claims and defenses[,] and to engage in informed arms-length
settlement negotiations with the understanding that it would be a difficult and costly undertaking
to proceed to trial of this case.” Lomascolo, 2009 WL 3094955, at *11.
No evidence suggests that the parties engaged in any fraud or collusion in the settlement.
Under the settlement agreement, Plaintiff will receive $3,100 for unpaid wages. Given that the
Plaintiff claimed $6,831 in unpaid wages, and “[i]n light of the risks and costs associated with
proceeding further and Defendant[’s] potentially viable defenses, this amount appears to reflect a
reasonable compromise over issues actually in dispute.” Saman v. LBDP, Inc., No. DKC-121083, 2013 WL 2949047, at *5 (D. Md. June 13, 2013) (citation and internal quotation marks
and brackets omitted).
Finally, although the settlement agreement contains a general release of claims beyond
those in the Amended Complaint, and a general release can render an FLSA settlement
agreement unreasonable, the Court is not required to evaluate the reasonableness of the
settlement as it relates to non-wage-dispute claims if the employee is compensated reasonably
for the release executed. Duprey, 30 F. Supp. 3d. at 410. Considering all of the above, the Court
finds that the proposed settlement is fair and reasonable.
D. Attorney’s Fees
Traditionally, “[i]n calculating an award of attorney’s fees, the Court must determine the
lodestar amount, defined as a ‘reasonable hourly rate multiplied by hours reasonably expended.’”
Lopez v. XTEL Const. Grp., LLC, 838 F. Supp. 2d 346, 348 (D. Md. 2012) (citing Grissom v. The
Mills Corp., 549 F.3d 313, 320–21 (4th Cir. 2008) and Plyler v. Evatt, 902 F.2d 273, 277 (4th
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Cir. 1990)). An hourly rate is reasonable if it is “in line with those prevailing in the community
for similar services by lawyers of reasonably comparable skill, experience and reputation.” Blum
v. Stenson, 465 U.S. 886, 895 n.11 (1984). This Court has established rates that are
presumptively reasonable for lodestar calculations. See Loc. R. App. B.
Here, Plaintiff has been represented by Lawrence Holzman, Esq. Mr. Holzman has been
admitted to the bar for over twenty-five years and billed in this case at a rate of $400 per hour for
time spent on investigation, case preparation, and settlement negotiations. ECF No. 19, at 6.
The total amount in attorney’s fees accrued by Plaintiff’s counsel in this litigation was
$7,687.50. Id. at 9. While the rate charged is at the high end of the range set forth in Appendix
B of this Court’s Local Rules, it is nonetheless presumptively reasonable. Plaintiff’s counsel
also negotiated fees separately from Plaintiff’s settlement awards, ECF No. 18, at 2, and reduced
his fees by 20% to $6,076.39, id. The Court, therefore, finds the attorney’s fees to be fair and
reasonable under the lodestar approach.
For the reasons stated above, the Joint Motion for Approval of Settlement Agreement is
A separate Order shall issue.
Dated: September 25, 2017
United States District Judge
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