Ferebee v. Scott Management Property
MEMORANDUM OPINION Signed by Judge Peter J. Messitte on 9/25/2017. (cags, Deputy Clerk)
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND
RENEE (COG) FEREBEE
SCOTT MANAGEMENT INC., et al.,
Civil No. PJM 17-1072
Pro se Plaintiff Renee Ferebee has sued Scott Management Inc. and Oakcrest Towers
LLC (Defendants), alleging that they discriminated against her by refusing to rent her a studio
apartment. ECF No. 1. In addition to what appears to be a discrimination claim under Title VIII
of the Civil Rights Act of 1968 (Fair Housing Act), Ferebee claims “defamation of character,
personal vindictiness [presumably “vindictiveness”], age, false advertisment [sic], bribery.” Id.
Defendants have filed a Motion to Dismiss (ECF No. 8). Though the Clerk of the Court issued
Ferebee a letter notifying her of her right to respond (ECF No. 9), she has failed to file a timely
For the following reasons, the Court will GRANT WITH PREJUDICE Defendants’
Motion to Dismiss (ECF No. 8).
FACTS AND PROCEDURAL HISTORY
According to her Complaint, on April 8, 2017, Ferebee inquired about renting an
apartment from Oakcrest Towers. ECF No. 1 at 1. The Apartment Manager, identified only as
“Ms. Charmaine,” gave her an application and “was at first, very nice, and seemed to be willing
to rent out the studio to the plaintiff, but her attitude slightly changed.” Id. Ferebee informed
Charmaine that she would be receiving 500 million dollars in a discrimination suit and asked if
she would need a co-signer for the apartment. Id. Charmaine, however, informed her that she did
not meet the income requirements to rent the studio. Id.
On April 18, 2017, Ferebee initiated the present action against Oakcrest Towers, the
landlord of the apartments, and Scott Management Inc., the property manager. Ferebee claims
her granddaughter rented an apartment—presumably at Oakcrest Towers—without “meeting the
requirements.” Id. Therefore, according to Ferebee, Defendants discriminated against her
because of “personal vindictiveness.” Id. She requests 500 million dollars in damages. Id. at 2.
Attached to her Complaint are: 1) a bank statement indicating she had $140 in overdraft charges
for the month of February; and 2) a pleading in another case requesting $500 million in damages
for similar claims. ECF Nos. 1-1, 1-2.
Defendants filed a Motion to Dismiss on June 23, 2017. ECF No. 8. They contend
dismissal is required because the Court lacks jurisdiction and the Complaint fails to state a claim
upon which relief can be granted. ECF No. 8-1. Despite having received notice of Defendants’
pending Motion and her right to respond, Ferebee has not responded.
A. Legal Standard
A motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure
12(b)(6) should be granted if the allegations in a complaint do not “contain sufficient factual
matter, accepted as true, to ‘state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.’” Ashcroft v. Iqbal,
556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)). A
party may move for dismissal pursuant to Rule 12(b)(1) where the court lacks subject matter
jurisdiction over the claims alleged in the complaint. Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(1). Federal courts are
courts of limited subject matter jurisdiction: they “possess only the jurisdiction authorized them
by the United States Constitution and by federal statute.” See United States ex rel. Vuyyuru v.
Jadhav, 555 F.3d 337, 347 (4th Cir. 2009) (citing Bowles v. Russell, 551 U.S. 205 (2007)). As
the party asserting jurisdiction, the plaintiff bears the burden of proving that the district court has
subject matter jurisdiction. See Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac R.R. Co. v. United States,
945 F.2d 765, 768 (4th Cir. 1991).
“If jurisdiction is based on diversity of citizenship, real and complete diversity must be
shown; if it is based on a federal question, the pleader need show that he has alleged a claim
under federal law and that the claim is not frivolous.” MacKenzie v. Local 624, Intern. Union of
Operating Engineers, 472 F. Supp. 1025, 1030 (N.D. Miss. 1979). The mere assertion of a
federal claim is not enough for jurisdiction. Lovern v. Edwards, 190 F.3d 648, 654 (4th Cir.
1999). Rather, “[f]ederal jurisdiction requires that a party assert a substantial federal
claim.” Id. (citing Hagans v. Lavine, 415 U.S. 528, 536 (1974)) (emphasis added). Once a
district court determines that it lacks subject matter jurisdiction over an action, it must dismiss
the action. Vuyyuru, 555 F.3d at 347 (citing Arbaugh v. Y & H Corp., 546 U.S. 500, 506-07
B. Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss
As Defendants suggest, Ferebee’s Complaint fails under both Rule 12(b)(1) and Rule
12(b)(6). Ferebee does not identify a single Constitutional provision or Federal or state statute
that has been violated nor does she assert diversity jurisdiction. Discrimination because of
personal vindictiveness is not a cognizable federal claim and, though the heading of her
complaint mentions “age,” nowhere does she plead facts to make out a claim of age
discrimination. In fact, she fails to even state her age anywhere in the Complaint. To the extent
she attempts to bring a federal false advertising claim,1 she has alleged neither false
representation by Defendants nor a reasonable reliance by her on the same. See, e.g., PBM Prod.,
LLC v. Mead Johnson & Co., 639 F.3d 111, 120 (4th Cir. 2011) (noting that for liability to arise
under false advertising provisions of the Lanham Act, the statement or representation must either
be false or likely to mislead consumers).
Likewise, Ferebee fails to plead a claim plausible on its face. Though a plaintiff
proceeding pro se is entitled to have her complaint construed liberally, this requirement “does
not transform the court into an advocate.” United States v. Wilson, 699 F.3d 789, 797 (4th Cir.
2012). The court may not “construct a claim out of whole cloth if the plaintiff fails to supply the
necessary facts or a cognizable theory in support of a claim.” Derek N. Jarvis v. Staples, Inc.,
No. 10-244-PJM, 2010 WL 4942010, at *2 (D. Md. Nov. 30, 2010).
Ferebee’s Complaint identifies no facts that even approach a cognizable theory of
liability. Her discrimination theory is at best fantasy. It is also belied by her own exhibits. In
addition to asserting she was denied an apartment because she did not meet the income
Ferebee does not indicate whether she brings this claim pursuant to state or federal law.
requirements, she provides a bank statement confirming that the previous month she was charged
$140 in over draft fees. ECF No. 1-2. Her attached pleading requesting $500 million in damages
in a case now before Judge Grimm is equally nonsensical. In fact, in dismissing that case, Judge
Grimm noted, “her filings place an undue burden on the Court and the defendants she names.”
Ferebee v. Eastern Motors Dealership, Civil No. 17-165, ECF No. 18 at 8. This Court agrees. As
noted above, her claim for false advertising is similarly groundless.
Finally, because the federal claims are barred, the state law claims are also subject to
dismissal for lack of subject matter jurisdiction. See 28 U.S.C. § 1367(c)(3).2
For the foregoing reasons, Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss (ECF No. 8) is GRANTED.
The Court DISMISSES Ferebee’s Complaint (ECF No. 1) WITH PREJUDICE.
A separate Order will ISSUE.
PETER J. MESSITTE
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
September 25, 2017
In any event, Ferebee’s state law claims also fail under Rule 12(b)(6). The only defamatory statement that Ferebee
alleges is that she was “crazy and on drugs,” but she fails to allege which Defendant or Defendants made this
statement or that it was made it to a third party. See, e.g., Redmonds Enter., Inc. v. CSXTransp., Inc., No. CCB-163943, 2017 WL 2335598, at *2 (D. Md. May 30, 2017) (discussing the elements necessary to prove defamation).
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