BRC Uluslararasi Taahut ve Ticaret A.S. v. Lexon Insurance Company et al
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER Granting 47 Motion for Alternative Server and Motion for Extension of Time. Signed by Judge Paula Xinis on 10/15/2020. (heps, Deputy Clerk)
Case 8:19-cv-00771-PX Document 48 Filed 10/15/20 Page 1 of 4
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MARYLAND
BRC ULUSLARARASI TAAHUT
VE TICARET A.S.,
LEXON INSURANCE COMPANY, et al.,
Civil Action No. 8:19-cv-00771-PX
LEXON INSURANCE COMPANY,
MONTAGE, INC, et al.,
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER
Pending before the Court is Defendant/Cross-Plaintiff Lexon Insurance Company’s
(“Lexon”) motion for alternative service on Cross-Defendants Sina Moayedi (“Moayedi”) and
Melissa Gonzales (“Gonzales”). ECF No. 47. For the following reasons, Lexon’s motion is
Moayedi is the President of Montage, Inc. (“Montage”), located at 4601 N. Park Avenue,
Unit 101C, Chevy Chase, MD 20815. ECF No. 47 ¶ 7. He is also Gonzales’s husband, both of
whom are believed to reside at 4705 Chevy Chase Boulevard, Chevy Chase, Maryland 20815.
Case 8:19-cv-00771-PX Document 48 Filed 10/15/20 Page 2 of 4
Despite its admirable efforts, Lexon has unsuccessfully attempted service on Moayedi
and Gonzales at the above two addresses on multiple occasions: July 8, 2020; July 9, 2020; July
10, 2020; July 13, 2020; July 14, 2020; July 15, 2020; July 20, 2020; and July 23, 2020. See
ECF No. 47 ¶ 9; see also ECF Nos. 47-8; 4-9; 47-10. During these service attempts, the process
service company observed some evidence of occupancy at 4705 Chevy Chase Boulevard, but did
not encounter any resident with whom it could leave copies of the pleadings pursuant to Fed. R.
Civ. P. 4(e)(2)(B). ECF No. 47 ¶ 9. When the process server attempted service on July 13,
2020, he noted his “belief that Sina Moayedi was present at the time and actively evading service
of process.” Id. ¶ 10; see also ECF No. 47-9.
Lexon also attempted service on July 17, 2020, by providing copies of the pleadings to
Mr. Philip Zuber, Moayedi and Gonzales’s attorney. ECF No. 47 ¶ 12. Mr. Zuber, however,
stated that his clients prohibited him from accepting service on their behalf. Id.
Lexon tried once more, by transmitting copies of the pleadings to Moayedi and Gonzales
at the above two addresses by certified mail. Id. ¶ 13. It does not have definitive evidence that
the couple ever received these mailings. Id.
Amidst these service attempts, Moayedi, in his capacity as President of Montage,
submitted an affidavit dated July 16, 2020, in support of Montage’s opposition to Lexon’s
preliminary injunction motion. ECF No. 40-1 ¶ 3. In his affidavit, Moayedi swore that he has
“reviewed and [is] aware of the contents of the Motion for Preliminary Injunction filed by Lexon
Insurance Company in this litigation.” Id. Based on that representation, Moayedi likely has
actual notice of Lexon’s crossclaims, which were filed the same day as the preliminary
injunction motion. ECF No. 47 ¶ 14.
Case 8:19-cv-00771-PX Document 48 Filed 10/15/20 Page 3 of 4
Lexon now asks this Court for leave to effectuate service on Moayedi and Gonzales by
posting and mailing copies of the relevant pleadings via first-class mail to the 4705 Chevy Chase
Boulevard address and the 4601 N. Park Avenue address. Id. ¶ 20.
Rule 4(e)(1) allows a party to be served by “following state law for serving a summons in
an action brought in courts of general jurisdiction in the state where the district is located.” Fed.
R. Civ. P. 4(e)(1). Maryland Rule 2-121(b), in turn, states that upon proof by affidavit of
evasion of service, “the court may order that service be made by mailing a copy of the summons,
complaint, and all other papers filed with it to the defendant at the defendant’s last known
residence and delivering a copy of each to a person of suitable age and discretion at the place of
business of the defendant.” The Court may also “order any other means of service that it deems
appropriate in the circumstances and reasonably calculated to give actual notice.” Md. Rule 2121(c). “In order to pass constitutional muster, such notice ‘is that which is reasonably
calculated, under all the circumstances, to apprise interested parties of the pendency of the action
and afford them an opportunity to present their objections.’” Life Ins. Co. of N. Am. v. Batson,
No. DKC 2003-2126, 2004 WL 540434, at *1 (D. Md. Mar. 16, 2004) (quoting Elmco Props.,
Inc. v. Second Nat’l Fed. Sav. Ass’n, 94 F.3d 914, 920 (4th Cir. 1996)). “When available, the
combination of the two service options of mailing to the last known address and posting service
on the door of that address, sometimes referred to as ‘nail and mail,’ continuously has been
found to provide the constitutionally required level of notice in a situation demanding alternative
service.” Fid. Nat'l Title Ins. Co. v. M&R Title, Inc., No. PWG-12-148, 2013 WL 12423808, at
*1 (D. Md. Feb. 15, 2013) (quotation omitted).
Lexon has made apparent its good-faith efforts to serve Moayedi and Gonzales. Along
with its motion, it has provided affidavits from its service of process company showing multiple
Case 8:19-cv-00771-PX Document 48 Filed 10/15/20 Page 4 of 4
service attempts on both Moayedi and Gonzales. See ECF Nos. 47-8; 47-9; 47-10. Lexon
proposes to serve Moayedi and Gonzales by leaving/posting and sending copies of the summons,
crossclaims, and preliminary injunction motion via first-class mail to both 4705 Chevy Chase
Blvd. and 4601 N. Park Avenue, as permitted under Maryland Rules 2-121(b) and 2-121(c).
ECF No. 47 ¶ 20. The Court finds that under these circumstances, alternative service is
appropriate, and that Lexon’s proposed form of service is reasonably calculated to provide
adequate notice to Cross-Defendants Moayedi and Gonzales.
Based on the foregoing, it is this 15th day of October, 2020, by the United States District
Court for the District of Maryland, ORDERED that:
1. Lexon’s Motion for Alternative Service (ECF No. 47) BE, and the same hereby IS,
2. Service of process of the summons, crossclaims, and preliminary injunction motion to
Sina Moayedi, 4601 N. Park Ave, Unit 101C, Chevy Chase, MD 20815; and 4705
Chevy Chase Boulevard, Chevy Chase, Md 20815, via certified mail SHALL BE
3. Service of process of the summons, crossclaims, and preliminary injunction motion to
Melissa B. Gonzales, 4705 Chevy Chase Boulevard, Chevy Chase, MD 20815, via
certified mail SHALL BE effective service;
4. The deadline under Fed. R. Civ. P. 4(b) for Lexon to serve Sina Moayedi and Melissa
B. Gonzales SHALL BE extended 90 days; and
5. The Clerk shall TRANSMIT copies of this Memorandum Opinion and Order to the
October 15, 2020________________
United States District Judge
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