SunLink Corporation v. American Capital Energy Inc.
Judge Allison D. Burroughs: MEMORANDUM AND ORDER entered. For the reasons stated in the Memorandum and Order, SunLink'S Motion for Injunctive Relief in Aid of Enforcement of Judgment [ECF No. 38] is GRANTED IN PART. (Montes, Mariliz)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS
AMERICAN CAPITAL ENERGY, INC.,
Civil Action No. 15-13606-ADB
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Currently pending before this Court is Plaintiff SunLink Corporation’s (“SunLink”)
Motion for Injunctive Relief in Aid of Enforcement of Judgment [ECF No. 38]. Defendant
American Capital Energy, Inc. (“ACE”) opposed the motion [ECF No. 40], and SunLink filed a
reply brief [ECF No. 46]. For the reasons stated below, SunLink’s motion [ECF No. 38] is
GRANTED IN PART.
Because SunLink requested injunctive relief after the Court reached the merits of the
case, the Court applies the standard for permanent injunctions in evaluating whether injunctive
relief is warranted. See McDonald’s Corp. v. Rappaport, 532 F. Supp. 2d 264, 269 (D. Mass.
2008) (“[B]ecause this court evaluated the merits of this case, the permanent injunction standard
is appropriate.”). “The standard for issuing a permanent injunction requires the district court to
find that (1) plaintiffs prevail on the merits; (2) plaintiffs would suffer irreparable injury in the
absence of injunctive relief; (3) the harm to plaintiffs would outweigh the harm the defendant
would suffer from the imposition of an injunction; and (4) the public interest would not be
adversely affected by an injunction.” McDonald’s, 532 F. Supp. 2d at 268–69 (quoting
Asociacion de Educacion Privada de P.R., Inc. v. Garcia-Padilla, 490 F.3d 1, 8 (1st Cir. 2007)).1
All four requirements are met in this case. Most importantly, SunLink has already succeeded on
the merits. Moreover, ACE has admitted to significant cash flow issues; indeed, its entire
opposition to the injunction is premised on the fact that ACE is actively trying to sell its assets to
a foreign corporation because of its financial problems. Additionally, there is no evidence of any
liability insurance that would cover the Judgment. This sufficiently establishes the potential for
irreparable harm to SunLink if the injunction is not granted. Moreover, the balance of harms
favors SunLink and there is a strong public interest in ensuring that a defendant does not escape
payment. Accordingly, SunLink is entitled to injunctive relief to aid in the enforcement of the
Judgment entered on January 5, 2017.
ACE argues that an injunction in this case would “interfere with” injunctions in three
other cases not before this Court, which rely on the fulfillment of judgments using the proceeds
of an anticipated deal between ACE and Dalian, a Chinese corporation. According to ACE, the
closure of the Dalian deal has been delayed by the election of Donald Trump and will apparently
not be completed until the new administration announces its policy positions regarding China.
SunLink has refused to agree to an injunction dependent on the Dalian deal, arguing that there is
insufficient certainty that the deal will ever close. Given the uncertainty around the closing, the
prospect of even an advantageous deal closing does not mitigate the need for an injunction.
SunLink uses the standard for preliminary injunctions in arguing for injunctive relief, and ACE
does not argue against its application. However, the result under either the preliminary or
permanent injunction standard would be the same because “[t]he standard for a preliminary
injunction is essentially the same as for a permanent injunction with the exception that the
plaintiff must show a likelihood of success on the merits rather than actual success.” Amoco
Prod. Co. v. Vill. of Gambell, 480 U.S. 531, 546 n.12 (1987).
Furthermore, the Court may and will structure injunctive relief so as to avoid preventing or
hindering the anticipated deal between Dalian and ACE.
Therefore, the Court hereby orders as follows: except in the ordinary course of business,
ACE, and its officers, directors, agents, servants, employees and attorneys, are enjoined from
transferring any assets, except in connection with the deal already underway between ACE and
Dalian, and from making any payments of funds, until further order of the Court, including, (i)
making any payments or distributions (other than wages and reasonable out-of-pocket expense
reimbursement) to any of its officers, directors, employees, attorneys, shareholders, or
representatives; (ii) selling, hypothecating, encumbering, pledging, or transferring any of its
corporate assets; (iii) destroying or altering any of its financial records, including (without
limitation) all non-public records of bank accounts, financial statements, ledgers, balance sheets,
summaries of assets, loan documents, and settlements of claims with the several solar projects
which are the subject of these proceedings; and (iv) undertaking any other activities/transactions
that would diminish/encumber the value of ACE and/or any of its assets, or otherwise adversely
impact ACE’s ability to satisfy a Judgment in this matter in favor of SunLink.
Dated: January 6, 2017
/s/ Allison D. Burroughs
ALLISON D. BURROUGHS
U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE
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