Shapiro v. ACCU et al
Judge Indira Talwani: ORDER entered. This action is DISMISSED and the Motion for Leave to Appeal in Forma Pauperis 32 is DENIED. All pending motions shall be terminated as moot. The court also certifies, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3), that any appeal from the order dismissing this action would not be taken in good faith. (PSSA, 3)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS
Civil Action No. 16-cv-12544-IT
ACCU, et al.,
April 26, 2017
For the reasons set forth below, this action is DISMISSED and the Motion for Leave to
Appeal in Forma Pauperis is DENIED. The court also certifies, pursuant to 28 U.S.C.
§ 1915(a)(3), that any appeal from the order dismissing this action would not be taken in good
Dismissal of the Action
On March 16, 2017, the court issued an order [#11] finding that Plaintiff Robert
Shapiro’s pleading did not meet the requirements of Rule 8 of the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure, which requires that a complaint include “a short and plain statement of the claim
showing that the pleader is entitled to relief.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a)(2). The court directed Plaintiff
to file an amended complaint within twenty-eight days. Order [#11].
Plaintiff has since filed a Second Amended Complaint [#14] and other proposed
complaints [## 15, 16, 29]. He has also filed numerous motions, notices, and requests. [#17,
#18, #19, #20, #21, #22, #23, #24, #25, #26, #27, #28, #30, #33. On April 25, 2017, he filed a
Notice of Appeal [#31] seeking to appeal the court’s Order [#11] requiring him to file an
amended complaint as well as a Motion for Leave to Appeal in Forma Pauperis [#32].
Neither the Second Amended Complaint nor the other proposed complaints meet Rule 8’s
requirement of a “short and plain statement of the claim.” Shapiro’s submissions do not contain
“enough detail to provide a defendant with ‘fair notice of what the . . . claim is and the grounds
upon which it rests.’” Silverstrand Invs. v. AMAG Pharm., Inc., 707 F.3d 95, 101 (1st Cir. 2013)
(quoting Ocasio-Hernandez v. Fortuno-Burset, 640 F.3d 1, 12 (1st Cir. 2011)) (alteration in
original). Plaintiff’s pleadings simply do not “set forth minimal facts as to who did what to
whom, when, where, and why,” Educadores Puertorriqueños en Acción v. Hernandez, 367 F.3d
61, 68 (1st Cir. 2004)), making it impossible for the defendants to respond and for the court to
reasonably infer that Plaintiff is entitled to relief. Plaintiff’s additional motions, notices and
requests also fail to provide any basis for relief.
Accordingly, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii), this action is DISMISSED for
failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted.
Motion for Leave to Appeal in Forma Pauperis [#32]
Under the federal in forma pauperis statute, “[a]n appeal may not be taken in forma
pauperis if the trial court certifies in writing that it is not taken in good faith.” 28 U.S.C.
§ 1915(a)(3). Regardless of any subjective good faith on the part of the appellant, “good faith”
within the meaning of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3) is only demonstrated when a litigant seeks
“appellate review of any issue not frivolous.” Coppedge v. United States, 369 U.S. 438, 445
(1962). An issue is frivolous if “no reasonable person could suppose [it] to have any merit.” Lee
v. Clinton, 209 F.3d 1025, 1026 (7th Cir. 2000).
Here, the appeal of the court’s earlier order is not taken in objective good faith because it
seeks appellate review of an order that is not appealable. See Rivera-Torres v. Ortiz Velez, 341
F.3d 86, 96 (1st Cir. 2003) (noting that a notice of appeal “based on an unappealable order” is
“defective in [a] substantial and easily discernible way”) (quoting in full United States v. Brooks,
145 F.3d 446, 456 (1st Cir. 1998)). Subject to exceptions that are not relevant to this case, the
appellate jurisdiction of the federal courts of appeals is limited to review of “all final decisions of
the district courts of the United States.” 28 U.S.C. § 1291. A “final decision” is “one ‘by which a
district court disassociates itself from a case,’” or, in other words, “terminate[s] an action.”
Gelboim v. Bank of Amer. Corp., --U.S.--, 135 S. Ct. 897, 902 (2015) (quoting Swint v.
Chambers County Comm’n, 514 U.S. 35, 42 (1995)). The court’s order that Plaintiff file an
amended complaint was not a final decision in the case. In allowing Plaintiff to file an amended
complaint, the court clearly expressed its intention to accept and review a timely filed pleading.
See, e.g., Luevano v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 722 F.3d 1014, 1020-21 (7th Cir. 2013) (order
dismissing in forma pauperis complaint upon a preliminary screening but allowing plaintiff to
file an amended complaint was not an appealable order; order made it “crystal clear that the court
was not finished with the case”).
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii), this action is DISMISSED for failure to
state a claim upon which relief may be granted. All pending motions shall be terminated as moot.
The Motion for Leave to Appeal in Forma Pauperis [#32] is DENIED on the
grounds that the appeal of the court’s order [#11] was not taken in good faith for purposes of 28
U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3).
The court certifies that any appeal of the dismissal of this action would not be
taken in good faith for purposes of for purposes of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3).
The Clerk shall transmit a copy of this order to the United States Court of Appeals
for the First Circuit.
/s/ Indira Talwani
United States District Judge
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