LeBaron v. Medeiros
District Judge Leo T. Sorokin: ORDER entered. The Court now ORDERS LeBaron to respond to the 33 motion to dismiss by December 4, 2017. Should LeBaron fail to respond to the motion by that date, he faces dismissal of his petition due to failure to prosecute and failure to obey this Order. A copy of this Order has been mailed to the Petitioner via first and certified mail (#7739).( Responses due by 12/4/2017)(Montes, Mariliz)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS
NATHAN MARQUIS LEBARON,
Civil Action No. 17-11314-LTS
November 20, 2017
Nathan Marquis LeBaron filed a pro se petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28
U.S.C. § 2254 on July 17, 2017, asserting nearly two dozen challenges to his 2007 convictions
and sentences on statutory rape and related charges. Doc. No. 1. In connection with the petition,
he sought appointment of counsel, Doc. No. 2, and “emergency mandamus,” Doc. No. 18. In
September, mail sent to LeBaron was returned to the Court by the prison in which he was
incarcerated when he filed his petition, bearing a notation that LeBaron had been released from
custody.1 Doc. No. 27. LeBaron thereafter notified the Court of his new address. Doc. No. 28.
On October 25, 2017, the respondent moved to dismiss the petition, arguing that LeBaron
has not exhausted more than half of his claims in state court, as he must before pressing them
LeBaron’s release would not strip this Court of jurisdiction to entertain his habeas petition, nor
would it moot his claims. He was in custody when he filed the petition and remains on
probation. Doc. No. 1 at 1; see Maleng v. Cook, 490 U.S. 488, 490-91 (1989) (construing
§ 2254(a) as requiring that a “petitioner be ‘in custody’ under the conviction or sentence under
attack at the time his petition is filed”); Jones v. Cunningham, 371 U.S. 236, 241-43 (1963)
(finding conditions and restraints of post-release supervisory component of criminal sentence
sufficient to prevent habeas petition filed before release from custody from becoming moot).
here. Doc. Nos. 33, 34. The respondent urges the Court to dismiss the petition, rather than stay
it, based on LeBaron’s history of filing multiple habeas petitions without first exhausting his
claims, providing him with “experience with the exhaustion doctrine and its consequences” that
many pro se litigants lack. Doc. No. 34 at 1. The respondent served the motion to dismiss and
supporting memorandum via first-class mail sent to the address provided by LeBaron in his
September change-of-address notice. Doc. No. 33 at 2; Doc. No. 34 at 20.
Under the Local Rules, LeBaron had fourteen days to oppose the motion to dismiss, LR
7.1(b)(2), making his opposition due on November 8, 2017. See Fed. Deposit Ins. Corp. v.
Anchor Props., 13 F.3d 27, 31 (1st Cir. 1994) (noting pro se litigants must comply with
applicable federal and local rules). To date, LeBaron has made no filing opposing the motion or
requesting an extension of time to oppose the motion.
The Court now ORDERS LeBaron to respond to the motion to dismiss by December
4, 2017. Should LeBaron fail to respond to the motion by that date, he faces dismissal of his
petition due to failure to prosecute and failure to obey this Order. Link v. Wabash R. Co., 370
U.S. 626, 629-30 (1962); Tower Ventures, Inc. v. City of Westfield, 296 F.3d 43, 45-46 (1st Cir.
/s/ Leo T. Sorokin
Leo T. Sorokin
United States District Judge
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