Trustees of the Sheet Metal Workers Local Union No. 17 Insurance Fund et al v. Phils HVAC, Inc. et al
Judge Allison D. Burroughs: MEMORANDUM AND ORDER entered. Plaintiffs' motion for default judgment, [ECF No. 19 ], is GRANTED. Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 55(b)(2), the Court will enter judgment in Plaintiffs' favor a gainst Phils in the amount of $76,113.49, which consists of: 1. $46,468.63 in unpaid ERISA contributions;2. $7,920.48 in pre-judgment interest;3. $9,293.73 in liquidated damages;4. $11,025.00 in attorneys' fees; and5. $1,405.65 in costs.SO ORDERED.(McManus, Caetlin)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS
TRUSTEES OF THE SHEET METAL
WORKERS LOCAL UNION NO. 17
INSURANCE FUND, et al.,
PHILS HVAC, INC., et al.,
Civil Action No. 21-cv-10680-ADB
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER ON PLAINTIFFS’
MOTION FOR A DEFAULT JUDGMENT
In this action, Plaintiffs allege that Defendant Phils HVAC, Inc. (“Phils”) violated
various provisions of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (“ERISA”) and the
Labor Relations Management Act (“LRMA”). [ECF No. 7 (“Am. Compl.”)]. Currently before
the Court is Plaintiffs’ motion for a default judgment pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure
55(b)(1). [ECF No. 19]. They seek a judgment in the amount of $76,113.49 consisting of:
(1) $46,468.63 in unpaid ERISA contributions; (2) $7,920.48 in pre-judgment interest;
(3) $9,293.73 in liquidated damages; (4) $11,025.00 in attorneys’ fees; and (5) $1,405.65 in
costs. [Id. at 2; ECF No. 29 at 1 (amended request for attorneys’ fees)]. Although it must be
evaluated under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 55(b)(2) rather than 55(b)(1), for the reasons
stated below, the motion is GRANTED.
In April, 2021, Plaintiffs sued Phils, alleging ERISA and LRMA violations. [ECF No.
1]. In May 2021, Plaintiffs filed an amended complaint, adding two reach-and-apply defendants.
[Am. Compl. ¶¶ 13–14]. On June 30, 2021, the clerk entered a default against Phils. [ECF No.
11]. On July 29, 2021, Plaintiffs sought an extension of time within which to file a motion for a
default judgment, [ECF No. 14], which the Court granted, [ECF No. 15]. Plaintiffs filed the
instant motion on August 27, 2021, [ECF No. 19], and, at the Court’s request, [ECF No. 28],
made a supplemental filing concerning attorneys’ fees and costs on September 30, 2021, [ECF
No. 29 (letter); ECF No. 29-1 (costs invoice); ECF No. 29 (fees invoice)].
If the plaintiff’s claim is for a sum certain or a sum that can be made certain by
computation, the clerk—on the plaintiff’s request, with an affidavit showing the
amount due—must enter judgment for that amount and costs against a defendant
who has been defaulted for not appearing and who is neither a minor nor an
Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(b)(1). “In all other cases, the party must apply to the court for a default
judgment.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 55(b)(2). Here, Plaintiffs must utilize Rule 55(b)(2) because their
request for attorneys’ fees “prevents the clerk from entering a judgment under Rule 55(b)(1),” as
the reasonableness of the attorneys’ fees requires judicial review. Int’l Union of Operating
Eng’rs, Loc. 4 v. Stanley Excavation, 243 F.R.D. 25, 27 n.5 (D. Me. 2007) (quoting 10A C.A.
Wright, A.R. Miller & M.K. Kane, Federal Practice & Procedure § 2683 (1998)). Further, “[i]f
the plaintiff is seeking both a sum certain . . . and damages that require judicial determination
under Rule 55(b)(2), the entire matter, including the sum certain, must be determined under Rule
55(b)(2).” Id. (citing Conetta v. Nat’l Hair Care Ctrs., Inc., 186 F.R.D. 262, 268 (D.R.I. 1999)).
By defaulting, Phils conceded the truth of the factual allegations in the complaint. See In
re Home Rests., Inc., 285 F.3d 111, 114 (1st Cir. 2002) (citing Franco v. Selective Ins. Co., 184
F.3d 4, 9 n.3 (1st Cir. 1999) and Brockton Sav. Bank v. Peat, Marwick, Mitchell & Co., 771 F.2d
5, 13 (1st Cir. 1985)). Notably, Phils admitted that it failed to make contributions for work done
under the collective bargaining agreement, [Am. Compl. ¶¶ 16–23], which is an ERISA
violation, 29 U.S.C. § 1145. Plaintiffs are therefore entitled to the unpaid contributions, interest,
liquidated damages, and reasonable attorneys’ fees and costs. 29 U.S.C. § 1132(g)(2).
With respect to unpaid ERISA contributions, pre-judgment interest, and liquidated
damages, the Court finds that the sums requested by Plaintiffs are supported by their
submissions. See [ECF No. 21 (Mr. Keogh’s affidavit); Am. Compl.]. With respect to
attorneys’ fees and costs, the Court finds that the sums requested, $11,025.00 and $1,405.65,
respectively, are reasonable and supported by Plaintiffs’ filings. See [ECF Nos. 29, 29-1, 29-2].
The Court reaches this conclusion based on its general knowledge of litigation costs, billing rates
charged by Boston-area attorneys, and the legal work required in this case. 1
Thus, Plaintiffs’ motion for default judgment, [ECF No. 19], is GRANTED. Pursuant to
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 55(b)(2), the Court will enter judgment in Plaintiffs’ favor
against Phils in the amount of $76,113.49, which consists of:
$46,468.63 in unpaid ERISA contributions;
$7,920.48 in pre-judgment interest;
$9,293.73 in liquidated damages;
$11,025.00 in attorneys’ fees; and
$1,405.65 in costs.
October 6, 2021
/s/ Allison D. Burroughs
ALLISON D. BURROUGHS
U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE
The Court is not required to conduct a hearing and declines to do so. See Fed. R. Civ. P.
55(b)(2) (“The court may conduct hearings or make referrals . . . .” (emphasis added)).
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