Vargas et al v. Spirit Delivery & Distribution Services, Inc.
District Judge Timothy S. Hillman: ORDER entered denying 191 Motion for Reconsideration. Plaintiff's proposed class certification order is approved and shall be issuedforthwith. Plaintiff's proposed from of class notice is approved. (Castles, Martin)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS
GARRY CIVIL, individually and on
Behalf of a class of similarly
SPIRIT DELIVERY & DISTRIBUTION )
Civil Action No. 13-12635-TSH
June 8, 2017
Civil (“Civil” or “Plaintiff”), suing on behalf of himself and other similarly situated
individuals, has filed suit against Spirit Delivery & Distribution Services, Inc. (“Spirit” or
“Defendant”) alleging claims for violation of the independent contractor provision of the
Massachusetts Wage Act, Mass.Gen.L. ch. 149, §148. On March 24, 2017, I issued a
Memorandum of Decision and Order (Docket No. 187), in which I allowed Civil’s motion for
class certification, denied his motion for summary judgment and allowed, in part, Defendant’s
motion for summary judgment. I also ordered Civil to provide the Court with (1) proposed class
certification order defining the class, etc.; and (2) a proposed from of notice in accordance with
Fed.R.Civ.P.23(c)(2)(B). Defendant has filed a Motion for Reconsideration (Docket No. 191)
requesting that the Court vacate its order approving certification of the class, and an objection to
the proposed class certification order and form of notice.
Motion For Reconsideration Of Class Certification
Spirit requests that the Court reconsider it order certifying the class in light of a recent
decision issued by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court which it argues will require the
factfinder to make a determination as to whether each putative class member elected to operate
as a legitimate business entity, or was required to do so by Spirit— a determination that,
according to Spirit, will involve individual inquiries which are not subject to common proof.
However, the case cited by Spirit, Chambers v. RDI Logistics, Inc., 476 Mass. 95, 109, 65
N.E.3d 1, 14 (2016), was issued well before I made my decision and was considered by me in
making the decision that class certification is appropriate.
Spirit asserts that over eighty-five percent of the putative class members have settled and
signed releases. Spirit argues that in light of this development, class certification is inappropriate
because given that there are less than twenty (20) putative class members remaining, Plaintiff
can no longer meet Mass.R.Civ.P. 23(a)’s numerosity requirement. Presently pending before the
Court is Plaintiff’s Motion to Strike Purported “Releases” of Class Members (Docket No. 198).
The Court will be setting a hearing date on this motion. In addition to arguing their respective
positions, the parties shall be prepared to discuss whether further proceedings (such as
evidentiary hearings) will be necessary and/or appropriate in order to make a determination
regarding the validity of the releases. If I ultimately make a finding that some or all of the
releases are valid and binding, I will then consider whether it is appropriate to vacate the class
certification order. At present, I am denying Spirit’s motion for reconsideration.
Proposed Class Certification Order And Notice
Spirit objected to the original proposed class certification order and class notice filed by
Civil. See Pl.’s Notice of Filing of 1) Proposed Class Certification Order And 2) Proposed Class
Notice (Docket No. 190) and Def.’s Objection To Pl.’s Proposed Class Certification Order and
Proposed Class Notice (Docket No. 193). Thereafter, Civil filed Plaintiff’s Reply In Support of
Class Certification Order And Class Notice (Docket No. 202) in which he submitted a revised
proposed class certification order and revised class notice. Spirit has not objected to the revised
proposed class certification order and class notice. Accordingly, the Court shall issue a Class
Certification Order substantially identical to Civil’s revised proposed order; the revised class
notice is approved.
It is hereby ordered that:
The Motion for Reconsideration (Docket No. 191) is denied.
Plaintiff’s proposed class certification order is approved and shall be issued
forthwith. Plaintiff’s proposed from of class notice is approved.
/s/ Timothy S. Hillman
TIMOTHY S. HILLMAN
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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