Adams v. Bridgeport, Township of, et al
ORDER Overruling 11 Objections, Adopting 9 Report and Recommendation, and Dismissing Claims Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B). Signed by District Judge Thomas L. Ludington. (KWin)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
Case No. 17-cv-10708
Honorable Thomas L. Ludington
Magistrate Judge Patricia T. Morris
JEFF ROBERTS, et al,
ORDER OVERRULING OBJECTIONS,
ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION,
AND DISMISSING CLAIMS PURSUANT TO 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)
On March 6, 2017, Plaintiff Mark Adams, proceeding pro se, initiated the above
captioned action by filing his complaint against twelve named defendants, including various
officials of Bridgeport Township, members of the Bridgeport Township police force, local
attorneys, Michigan district court judges, and Saginaw County Sheriff William Federspiel. See
ECF No. 1. Adams then filed a first amended complaint on March 23, 2017. See ECF No. 7. The
matter was referred to Magistrate Judge Patricia T. Morris for pretrial management. See ECF No.
4. On May 25, 2017 the magistrate judge issued a report pursuant to the IFP screening procedure
set forth at 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B), recommending that the majority of Adam’s claims be
dismissed. See ECF No. 9. Adams filed objections to that report on June 12, 2017. See ECF No.
11. For the reasons stated below, Adams’s objections will be overruled and the report and
recommendation will be adopted.
Plaintiff Adams’ claims stem from a long-running dispute with officials of Bridgeport,
Michigan regarding zoning and property rights. Beginning in 2011, he alleges that township
officials ordered the mowing of his field and charged him $200 in fines for the mowing, and
ordered him to remove a Winnebago Recreational Vehicle off of his property. He further alleges
that on June 21, 2012, Saginaw District Judge Randall Jurrens ruled against him in related
litigation at the behest of Attorney Floyd Kloc and township officials. While asserting that he has
complied with all relevant court orders and removed the Winnebago from the property, Adams
claims that Attorney Kloc has continued to pursue enforcement actions against him for allegedly
violating township codes.
Adams sought to address his grievances with township officials at a March 4, 2014
township meeting. However, after violating various policies and restrictions concerning public
comments, he was arrested by Police Chief David Duffett and Patrol Sergeant John Roberts.
Adams alleges that he was subsequently placed in an overcrowded jail cell at the Saginaw
County Jail where he received insufficient accommodations and feared for his life. As a result,
Adams alleges that he has experienced emotional distress and public humiliation. Adams further
alleges that Saginaw County Sheriff William Federspiel, Attorney General William Schuette,
and the Federal Bureau of Investigations have refused to properly investigate his complaints.
Adams was again arrested on March 22, 2015 by Sergeant Roberts pursuant to arrest
warrants obtained under “dubious circumstances” for failure to comply with township codes and
initiatives. Adams alleges that he was denied his blood pressure medication and prevented from
making phone calls for the three days he was subsequently detained. While he was scheduled to
be arraigned on March 24, 2015 before Judge Kyle Higgs Tarrant, Adams alleges that the
hearing was abruptly terminated and that he was assaulted and injured by the Saginaw County
Sheriff’s deputies who removed him from the courtroom and returned him to solitary
confinement. Adams claims he was ultimately forced to pay $6,000 to avoid additional jail time.
He claims that he subsequently sought treatment at the Genesys Hospital on March 26, 2015 for
injuries sustained during his time in custody. He also claims Bridgeport Township continues to
prevent him from fully enjoying his property.
In his first amended complaint, Adams asserts seven counts pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983
arising out of these events: (1) Violation of his First Amendment Right to exercise free speech
and petition for redress of grievances; (2) Violation of his Fourth Amendment right to be free
from unreasonable seizures, arrests, and prosecutions without probable cause; (3) False arrest
and false imprisonment; (4) Excessive force in violation of the Fourth Amendment (5) Violation
of his Fifth Amendment right to be free from public takings without just compensation; (6)
Violation of his Eight Amendment rights to be free from excessive fines and cruel and unusual
punishment; and (7) Violation of due process and equal protection under the Fourteenth
Amendment. Adams also asserts one count of assault and battery, one count of common law
malicious prosecution, and one count of intentional infliction of emotional distress. Finally,
Adams asserts a claim of municipal liability against Bridgeport Township and Saginaw County
pursuant to the Supreme Court’s decision in Monell v. Department of Social Services of New
York, 436 U.S. 658 (1978).
In her May 25, 2017 report and recommendation, the magistrate judge recommends that
all of Adams’ claims be dismissed, with the exception of his Fourth Amendment excessive force
claim and his assault and battery claim. As a result, she recommends the dismissal of all
defendants except for Chief of Police Duffett and Sergeant Roberts in their individual and
Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 72, a party may object to and seek review of
a magistrate judge’s report and recommendation. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(2). Objections must
be stated with specificity. Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 151 (1985) (citation omitted). If
objections are made, “[t]he district judge must determine de novo any part of the magistrate
judge’s disposition that has been properly objected to.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(b)(3). De novo review
requires at least a review of the evidence before the magistrate judge; the Court may not act
solely on the basis of a magistrate judge’s report and recommendation. See Hill v. Duriron Co.,
656 F.2d 1208, 1215 (6th Cir. 1981). After reviewing the evidence, the Court is free to accept,
reject, or modify the findings or recommendations of the magistrate judge. See Lardie v. Birkett,
221 F. Supp. 2d 806, 807 (E.D. Mich. 2002).
Only those objections that are specific are entitled to a de novo review under the statute.
Mira v. Marshall, 806 F.2d 636, 637 (6th Cir. 1986). “The parties have the duty to pinpoint those
portions of the magistrate’s report that the district court must specially consider.” Id. (internal
quotation marks and citation omitted). A general objection, or one that merely restates the
arguments previously presented, does not sufficiently identify alleged errors on the part of the
magistrate judge. See VanDiver v. Martin, 304 F.Supp.2d 934, 937 (E.D. Mich. 2004). An
“objection” that does nothing more than disagree with a magistrate judge’s determination,
“without explaining the source of the error,” is not considered a valid objection. Howard v. Sec’y
of Health and Human Servs., 932 F.2d 505, 509 (6th Cir. 1991).
Adams has not raised any specific objections to the magistrate judge’s report. Instead, he
broadly objects to the report’s conclusions, generally asserts that the magistrate judge has relied
on “dubious” and “recent” legal authority, and notes that he intends to file a second amended
complaint.1 Because Adam’s objections are not specific and are without merit they will be
overruled. The report and recommendation will be adopted.
Accordingly, it is ORDERED that Plaintiff Adams’s objections, ECF No. 11, are
It is further ORDERED that the report and recommendation, ECF No. 9, is ADOPTED.
It is further ORDERED that Counts 1-3, 5-7, 9, 10, and all related municipal liability
claims asserted in Count 11 are DISMISSED. Adam’s surviving claims include Count 4 and
Count 8 as to Defendants Duffet and Roberts in their individual and official capacities.
s/Thomas L. Ludington
THOMAS L. LUDINGTON
United States District Judge
Dated: July 26, 2017
PROOF OF SERVICE
The undersigned certifies that a copy of the foregoing order was served
upon each attorney or party of record herein by electronic means or first
class U.S. mail on July 26, 2017.
KELLY WINSLOW, Case Manager
Adams’ objections also informally request a 21 day extension to file additional objections to the magistrate judge’s
report. This request will be disregarded, as this Court’s practice guidelines clearly state that “[m]otions may not be
included within or appended to a response or reply, and under no circumstances may a motion be included within
the text or footnotes of another motion.” Moreover, over 21 days have passed since Adams filed his initial
objections and he has not attempted to file any additional documents related to the report and recommendation.
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