Ragland v. Raby
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION re 19 MOTION for Judgment on the Pleadings filed by M Raby signed by Magistrate Judge Mark A. Randon. (Miles, M)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN SOUTHERN DIVISION
KEVIN RAGLAND, #191565, Plaintiff, v. M. RABY, Southfield Police Officer, Defendant. / REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION TO DENY DEFENDANT RABY'S MOTION FOR JUDGMENT ON THE PLEADINGS (DKT. NO. 19) AS MOOT Plaintiff, a Michigan prisoner, filed this action alleging that multiple police officers violated his constitutional rights prior to his imprisonment. Now before the court is motion for judgment on the pleadings of Defendant Police Officer M. Raby ("Raby"). For the reasons set forth below it is recommended that the motion be denied as moot. 1. Procedural History On December 23, 2008, Plaintiff, filed this pro se federal civil rights complaint under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 alleging that he was assaulted, racially disparaged, and denied medical attention by several police officers from the City of Southfield and the City of Oak Park Police Departments (Dkt. No. 1). Plaintiff's complaint identified only Raby by name. After Raby filed his answer, Plaintiff moved for leave to file what would be the first of three proposed amended complaints. Plaintiff's first proposed amended complaint named fourteen (14) defendants, including Raby (Dkt. No. 13). CIVIL ACTION NO. 08-15253 DISTRICT JUDGE AVERN COHN MAGISTRATE JUDGE MARK A. RANDON
On April 6, 2009, Raby filed the instant motion for judgment on the pleadings (Dkt. No. 19). The motion argued that Raby was entitled to qualified immunity regarding Plaintiff's excessive force claim and that Plaintiff had failed to state a claim against him for denial of medical attention because he was not involved with the booking, processing, or detainment of Plaintiff - the events during which the denial of medical attention allegedly occurred. In addition to a response to Raby's motion, Plaintiff also filed his second motion for leave to amend his complaint (Dkt. No. 20) and a third motion to "supplement" the amended complaint (Dkt. No. 23).1 (supplemental) complaint named nine (9) defendants, including Raby. On July 22, 2009, this case was reassigned from Magistrate Judge Binder to the undersigned for disposition of all pretrial matters. On July 31, 2009, the undersigned issued an Opinion and Order regarding Plaintiff's three motions (Dkt. No. 25). The Opinion and Order granted, in part, Plaintiff's third (supplemental) motion to amend (Dkt. No. 23), denied the two prior motions to amend (Dkt. Nos. 13 and 20) as moot, and directed Plaintiff to file a proposed amended complaint as to eight (8) defendants - denying leave as to one defendant. Neither Plaintiff nor Raby objected to this order. A. Plaintiff's Amended Complaint Now Alleges only Excessive Force as to Raby Plaintiff's third proposed
On August 20, 2009, Plaintiff filed a proposed amended complaint as directed. (Dkt. No. 27). Since the proposed amended complaint conformed to the undersigned's order, it was accepted as Plaintiff's Amended Complaint and the United States Marshal was ordered to serve a copy upon all
Plaintiff's motion was not supplementary in nature because, pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(d), it did not allege events "that happened after the date of the pleading to be supplemented" (i.e., either his complaint or one of his proposed amended complaints). Therefore, it was treated as a third motion to amend. -2-
unserved defendants. However, unlike Plaintiff's previous proposed pleadings, Plaintiff's Amended Complaint makes only the following claim against Raby: 5. Defendant Michael/Mary Raby is a Police Officer for the Southfield Police Department who did commit the following Constitutional violations by kicking and throwing blows with his fist to plaintiffs head, back, legs, and ribs while he was handcuffed behind his back and was not resisting arrest and the use of unnecessary and unreasonable force violated Plaintiff's rights and constituted unreasonable seizure under the Fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution. (Dkt. No. 27, ¶ 5) The Amended Complaint now attributes the denial of medical attention (deliberate indifference claim) to the alleged "booking officer"- not Raby (Dkt. No. 27, ¶ 12). B. Raby's Reply Brief Concedes that Plaintiff has Stated a Claim for Excessive Force Under the Fourth Amendment
Raby's reply brief regarding his motion for judgment on the pleadings, while denying any wrongdoing on his part, concedes that Plaintiff has sufficiently alleged a Fourth Amendment excessive force claim (Dkt. No.22, pp. 1-2).2 However, Raby still properly maintains that he "cannot he held liable [for deliberate indifference] where he played no role in the custody of Plaintiff, but instead only assisted in the arrest of Plaintiff at the scene of the incident." (Dkt. No. 22, p. 2). Likely in response to Raby's motion for judgment on the pleadings, Plaintiff's Amended Complaint now clarifies that his allegations against Raby are limited to a claim of excessive force and no longer include a claim, against him, for deliberate indifference. As such, the relief sought
The undersigned reads Raby's reply brief as appropriately conceding that his qualified immunity argument to Plaintiff's Fourth Amendment excessive force claim is insufficient to grant a motion for judgment on the pleadings and is properly reserved for a possible summary judgment motion, where submissions outside the pleadings may be considered (see Dkt. No. 19, p. 1, ¶1). -3-
by Raby on the deliberate indifference claim has been acquiesced in by Plaintiff, as evidenced by his Amended Complaint. Accordingly, it is RECOMMENDED that Raby's motion for judgment on the pleadings be DENIED as moot, which denial is without prejudice to Raby's ability to subsequently raise a qualified immunity defense in a summary judgment motion. If Plaintiff intends that the Amended Complaint somehow be read in a way that includes claims against Raby other than Fourth Amendment excessive force, he is advised to object to this recommendation, on that basis, in the manner set forth below. Otherwise, Plaintiff's Amended Complaint shall be read, as it is plainly stated, to exclude any other claims against Raby. The parties to this action may object to and seek review of this Report and Recommendation, but are required to act within ten (10) days of service of a copy hereof as provided for in 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and E.D. Mich. LR 72.1(d)(2). Failure to file specific objections constitutes a waiver of any further right of appeal. Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140 (1985); Howard v. Secretary of HHS, 932 F.2d 505, 508 (6th Cir. 1991); United States v. Walters, 638 F.2d 947, 949-50 (6th Cir. 1981). The filing of objections which raise some issues, but fail to raise others with specificity, will not preserve all the objections a party might have to this Report and Recommendation. Willis v. Secretary of HHS, 931 F.2d 390, 401 (6th Cir. 1991); Smith v. Detroit Fed'n of Teachers Local 231, 829 F.2d 1370, 1373 (6th Cir. 1987). Pursuant to E.D. Mich. LR 72.1(d)(2), a copy of any objections is to be served upon this magistrate judge. Within ten (10) days of service of any objecting party's timely filed objections, the opposing party may file a response. The response shall be no more than 20 pages in length unless, by motion
and order, the page limit is extended by the court. The response shall address each issue contained within the objections specifically and in the same order raised.
S/Mark A. Randon MARK A. RANDON UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE Dated: September 1, 2009
Certificate of Service I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was mailed to the parties of record on this date, September 1, 2009, by electronic and/or ordinary mail. S/Melody R. Miles Case Manager to Magistrate Judge Mark A. Randon
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