Johnson v. Anderson et al
OPINION and ORDER DENYING 3 Application to Proceed In Forma Pauperis, Application for Appointment of Counsel, and dismissing complaint. Signed by District Judge Arthur J Tarnow. (DWor)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN SOUTHERN DIVISION ARTIS JOHNSON, aka FA'DEE MULAZIM, #146093, Plaintiff, CASE NO. 2:09-CV-14421 HONORABLE ARTHUR J. TARNOW
v. J. ANDERSON, et al., Defendants. /
OPINION AND ORDER DENYING APPLICATION TO PROCEED WITHOUT PREPAYMENT OF FEES AND COSTS, DENYING MOTION FOR APPOINTMENT OF COUNSEL, AND DISMISSING COMPLAINT I. INTRODUCTION Plaintiff Artis Johnson aka Fa'Dee Mulazim ("Plaintiff"), a state prisoner confined at the Macomb Correctional Facility in New Haven, Michigan, has filed a pro se civil rights complaint pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, as well as a motion for appointment of counsel and an application to proceed without prepayment of fees and costs so that he may proceed without prepayment of the $350.00 filing fee for this action. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1). Plaintiff names several corrections officers, the warden, and the assistant wardens as defendants in this action. Plaintiff alleges that he has been subject to retaliatory transfer, retaliation and improper actions involving his legal property, and double-bunking in a single-person cell. Plaintiff alleges a violation of his constitutional rights and seeks injunctive relief and monetary damages. For the reasons stated herein, the Court denies Plaintiff's application to without prepayment of fees and costs, denies
his request for appointment of counsel, and dismisses the complaint without prejudice pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). II. DISCUSSION Under the Prison Litigation Reform Act ("PLRA"), Pub. L. No. 104-134, 110 Stat. 1321 (1996), a prisoner may be precluded from proceeding without prepayment of the filing fee in a civil action under certain circumstances. The statute states, in relevant part: In no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action or appeal a judgment in a civil action or proceeding under this section, if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). In short, the "three strikes" provision requires the Court to dismiss a civil case where the prisoner seeks to proceed without prepayment of the filing fee if, on three or more previous occasions, a federal court has dismissed the prisoner's action because it was frivolous or malicious or failed to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. Id.; see also Dupree v. Palmer, 284 F.3d 1234, 1236 (11th Cir. 2002) (holding that "the proper procedure is for the district court to dismiss the complaint without prejudice when it denies the prisoner leave to proceed in forma pauperis pursuant to the provisions of § 1915(g)"). Plaintiff is a prolific litigator in federal court. The Court's records reveal that he has filed more than three prior civil actions which have been dismissed as frivolous or for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. See, e.g.:
Dismissal Date 03/04/92 06/18/92 02/28/00
U.S. District Judge
91-CV-00233 LaBreche 92-CV-72564 Borradale, et al. 00-CV-70200 Corrigan, et al.
Douglas W. Hillman Patrick J. Duggan Paul D. Borman
Although some of the dismissals were entered before the PLRA's enactment in 1996, such dismissals nevertheless count as strikes. See Wilson v. Yaklich, 148 F.3d 596, 604 (6th Cir. 1998). In addition, Plaintiff has previously been denied leave to proceed in forma pauperis for having three strikes. See, e.g., Johnson v. Michigan Dept. of Corr., 07-13196 (E.D. Mich. Sept. 7, 2007). Consequently, Plaintiff is a "three-striker" who cannot proceed without prepayment of the filing fee in this case unless he can demonstrate that he is "under imminent danger of serious physical injury." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). To fall within this statutory exception to the three strikes rule, a prisoner must allege that the threat or prison condition is `real and proximate' and that the danger of serious physical injury must exist at the time the complaint is filed. See Rittner v. Kinder, 290 Fed. Appx. 796, 797-98 (6th Cir. 2008) (citing Ciarpaglini v. Saini, 352 F.3d 328, 330 (7th Cir. 2003); Abdul-Akbar v. McKelvie, 239 F.3d 307, 313 (3d Cir. 2001) (en banc)). A prisoner's assertion that he faced danger in the past is insufficient to invoke the exception. Id. The events giving rise to Plaintiff's complaint, i.e., the alleged retaliatory transfer, interference with legal property, and double-bunking do not pose any threat of imminent danger of serious physical injury. Although Plaintiff claims that corrections officers have harassed him, verbal threats are insufficient to establish "imminent danger" under 28 U.S.C.§ 1915(g). See Polanco v. Hopkins, 510 F.3d 152, 155 (2d Cir. 2007). Plaintiff has not alleged facts which
show that he is under immediate or specific danger of future serious physical injury. See Davis v. Cook, 4 Fed. Appx. 261, 262 (6th Cir. 2001). Plaintiff has failed to show that he falls within the exception to the three strikes rule. III. CONCLUSION Based upon the foregoing, the Court concludes that Plaintiff has filed more than three previous lawsuits which have been dismissed as frivolous or for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted and he has failed to establish that he is under imminent danger of serious physical injury so as to fall within the exception to the three strikes provision of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). Accordingly, the Court DENIES Plaintiff's application to proceed without prepayment of fees or costs, DENIES his request for appointment of counsel, and DISMISSES his complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). This dismissal is without prejudice to the filing of a new complaint with payment of the $350.00 filing fee. The Court notes that any such complaint will be reviewed to determine whether it should be served upon the defendants or summarily dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b), which requires the Court to dismiss a complaint brought against governmental entities, officers, and employees if the complaint is "frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted."
Lastly, the Court concludes that it has properly applied the "three strikes" provision of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) such that an appeal from this order would be frivolous and, therefore, cannot be taken in good faith. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3); McGore v. Wrigglesworth, 114 F.3d 601, 610-11 (6th Cir. 1997). IT IS SO ORDERED.
S/Arthur J. Tarnow Arthur J. Tarnow United States District Judge Dated: November 20, 2009
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was served upon parties/counsel of record on November 20, 2009, by electronic and/or ordinary mail. S/Catherine A. Pickles Judicial Secretary
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