Quatrine v. Berghuis
OPINION AND ORDER DENYING WITHOUT PREJUDICE THE 35 MOTION TO ORDER RESPONDENT TO PRODUCE ADDITIONAL SPECIFIC MATERAL PURSUANT TO RULE 5 OF HABEAS CORPUS RULES Signed by District Judge Denise Page Hood. (Ciesla, C) Modified on 8/29/2013 (Ciesla, C).
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
CHARLES QUATRINE, Jr.,
Civil No. 2:10-CV-11603
HONORABLE DENISE PAGE HOOD
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
OPINION AND ORDER DENYING WITHOUT PREJUDICE THE MOTION TO
ORDER RESPONDENT TO PRODUCE ADDITIONAL SPECIFIC MATERAL
PURSUANT TO RULE 5 OF HABEAS CORPUS RULES
Before the Court is habeas petitioner Charles Quatrine, Jr.’s motion to
order respondent to produce additional specific materials that petitioner contends
will support the claims that he has raised in his original and amended habeas
petitions. For the reasons stated below, the motion is denied without prejudice.
“A habeas petitioner, unlike the usual civil litigant, is not entitled to
discovery as a matter of ordinary course.” Bracy v. Gramley, 520 U.S. 899, 904
(1997). Instead, a habeas petitioner is entitled to discovery only if the district
judge “in the exercise of his discretion and for good cause shown grants leave” to
conduct discovery. Rule 6 Governing Section 2254 Cases in the United States
District Courts, 28 U.S.C. foll. § 2254. To establish “good cause” for discovery, a
habeas petitioner must establish that the requested discovery will develop facts
which will enable him or her to demonstrate that he or she is entitled to habeas
relief. See Bracy, 520 U.S. at 908-09. A further limitation on discovery is the
recent case of Cullen v. Pinholster, 131 S. Ct. 1388, 1398–1401 (2011), in which
the Supreme Court held that under the clear language of the 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d),
a district court is precluded from considering new evidence when reviewing a
petition under § 2254(d) where the petitioner's claims were adjudicated on the
merits in state court proceedings. The burden is on the petitioner to establish the
materiality of the requested discovery. See Stanford v. Parker, 266 F. 3d 442,
460 (6th Cir. 2001).
Petitioner originally filed a petition for writ of habeas corpus in 2010. On
April 30, 2010, this Court entered an opinion and order granting petitioner’s
motion to hold his habeas petition in abeyance pending the completion of state
post-conviction proceedings by petitioner. On March 20, 2012, this Court granted
petitioner’s motion to reinstate the habeas petition to the active docket, granted
his motion to amend the habeas petition, and ordered that the amended petition
be served upon respondent. On August 13, 2012, respondent filed an answer to
the amended petition for writ of habeas corpus.
On August 16, 2012, petitioner filed a motion to amend the petition for writ
of habeas corpus, in which he sought to amend his petition to add additional
claims. On January 9, 2013, this Court granted petitioner’s motion to amend the
habeas petition to add these additional claims and gave respondent time to file a
supplemental answer to address these claims. Respondent filed their
supplemental answer on March 6, 2013.
On July 10, 2013, the Court granted petitioner permission to file a second
amended habeas petition and has ordered respondent to file a second
This Court has yet to review petitioner’s original or amended habeas
petitions, nor has the Court reviewed respondent’s original and supplemental
answers. Respondent also has yet to file her second supplemental answer. Until
this Court reviews the pleadings, “it is impossible to evaluate what, if any,
discovery is needed and whether the discovery is relevant and appropriately
narrow.” Gengler v. United States ex rel. Dept. of Defense & Navy, 463 F. Supp.
2d 1085, 1114-15 (E.D. Cal. 2006); See also Shaw v. White, No. 2007 WL
2752372, * 3 (E.D. Mich. September 21, 2007). In addition, none of the Rule 5
materials that have been filed have been reviewed by the Court and review “of
those materials may obviate the need to order discovery.” Shaw, No. 2007 WL
2752372, at * 3. Granting petitioner’s discovery request at this time would be
premature. Therefore, the motion for discovery will be denied without prejudice.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that motion to order respondent to provide
additional specific materials [Dkt. # 35] is DENIED WITHOUT PREJUDICE. The
Court will reconsider petitioner's motion if, following review of the original and
amended habeas petitions, the responsive pleadings, and Rule 5 materials, the
Court determines that additional discovery is necessary.
S/Denise Page Hood
Denise Page Hood
United States District Judge
Dated: August 29, 2013
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was served upon counsel
of record on August 29, 2013, by electronic and/or ordinary mail.
S/LaShawn R. Saulsberry
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