Drahuse v. Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation et al
ORDER denying 28 Motion to Compel - Signed by Magistrate Judge Mona K. Majzoub. (LBar)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
CIVIL ACTION NO. 10-CV-14117
DISTRICT JUDGE JULIAN ABELE COOK
THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN
MAGISTRATE JUDGE MONA K. MAJZOUB
MORTGAGE CORPORATION and
FIFTH THIRD MORTGAGE MI, LLC,
OPINION AND ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF’S MOTION TO COMPEL 
This motion to compel presents the following issue: does a party merely have to serve
discovery requests by the discovery deadline or does a party have to serve requests with enough lead
time to allow the opposing party to respond within the time frame provided by the Federal Rules of
Civil Procedure? The district court referred Plaintiff Scott Drahuse’s motion to compel to this Court
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A). (Dkt. 32.) The Court has reviewed the pleadings, dispenses
with a hearing pursuant to Eastern District of Michigan Local Rule 7.1(f)(2), and decides the motion
on the briefs. Because the Court finds a party must serve discovery with enough lead time to give
the opposing party the rule-required amount of time to respond to the discovery request, the Court
DENIES Plaintiff’s motion to compel.
On October 13, 2010, Plaintiff filed a complaint against Defendants. (Dkt. 1.) Defendants
then filed a motion to dismiss; on February 22, 2011, the district court denied the motion without
prejudice. (Dkt. 19.) On that same day, the district court issued a scheduling order. (Dkt. 20,
Scheduling Order.) Concerning discovery, the scheduling order provided that May 23, 2011 would
be the “[c]losing date for discovery.” (Id. at 1.) The first page of the order, at the bottom, reads,
“THE ABOVE DATES WILL BE STRICTLY ENFORCED BY THE COURT.” The order
further states that “[d]iscovery will not be authorized subsequent to the expiration of the designated
deadline without the written approval of this Court.” (Id. at 2.) The parties do not dispute the
Around May 10, 2001, Plaintiff served Fifth Third with a set of discovery requests,
including Plaintiff’s First Set of Interrogatories and Documents Requests. (Dkt. 35,
Joint Statement ¶ 2.)
Around May 16, 2011, Plaintiff served Federal Home Loan with a set of discovery
requests, including Plaintiff’s First Set of Interrogatories and Document Requests.
(Id. ¶ 3.)
On May 23, 2011, Defendants replied to each of the discovery requests with the same blanket
statement that they had no duty to respond because the discovery requests were untimely under
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 34(b)(2) and the district court’s scheduling order. (Defs.’ Resp.
to Pl.’s Mot. to Compel, Ex. 5.)
On June 20, 2011, Plaintiff filed a motion to compel, to which Defendants responded. (Dkt.
28, 29.) Defendants have objected to the discovery requests, “asserting that discovery had closed
pursuant to the scheduling order, and the time to answer ha[d] passed.” (Joint Statement ¶ 4.)
Defendants maintain that “discovery should be fully filed and answers completed prior [to] the
discovery deadline.” (Id.)
Plaintiff “believes that discovery remains open up and until the last
date of the discovery period; meaning that discovery requests could be issued up and through the
last date of discovery.” (Id. ¶ 5.) Plaintiff requests an order compelling Defendants to respond to
the discovery requests and costs and attorneys’ fees incurred in bringing the motion. (Id. ¶¶ 6, 7.)
Again, the issue this motion presents is straightforward: must discovery requests be served
to give enough time for the receiving party to respond as required by the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure? This issue is not a novel one. Federal courts have found that discovery must be served
upon a party so that the receiving party has enough time to respond, as provided for in the Federal
Rules, otherwise, the discovery requests are untimely. See Bishop v. Potter, 08-00726, 2010
2775332, at *1 (D.Nev. July 14, 2010) (holding, “discovery requests served less than 30 days prior
to the discovery deadline are untimely.”) (and citing cases for the same proposition). See also Bailey
v. Komatsu Forklift U.S.A., Inc., 07-2002, 2008 WL 2674886, at *3 (N.D.Iowa July 7, 2008)
(holding, “when a scheduling order establishes a deadline for ‘completion of discovery,’ it requires
more than simply filing discovery requests prior to the deadline. Rather, it requires that parties
seeking discovery file their requests sufficiently in advance of the deadline, such that the responses
are due by the deadline for completion of discovery.”) The Court agrees with those courts that have
found that discovery must be completed by the discovery deadline.
Here, Plaintiff filed interrogatories and requests for documents on Defendants. On May 10,
2011, Plaintiff filed the requests on Defendant Fifth Third; on May 16, 2011, Plaintiff filed the
requests on Defendant Federal Home Loan. (See Joint Statement.) Because the Federal Rules of
Civil Procedure give Defendants thirty days to respond to those discovery requests, Defendants
would have until after May 30, 2011 to respond to the request. Fed.R.Civ.P. 33, 34. But that due
date was outside of the May 23, 2011 scheduling order “[c]losing date” for discovery. The
discovery requests were therefore untimely and Defendant properly objected to the request.
Plaintiff also does not explain why he did not seek leave of the district court to extend the
discovery deadline or why he waited almost over a month before he filed this motion to compel,
adding further support to deny his motion.
For the above-stated reasons, the Court DENIES Plaintiff’s motion to compel.
Notice to the parties
Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 72(a), the parties have a period of ten days from
the date of this order to object by filing a written appeal to the District Judge as may be permissible
under 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
Dated: September 14, 2010
s/ Mona K. Majzoub
MONA K. MAJZOUB
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
PROOF OF SERVICE
I hereby certify that a copy of this order was served upon Counsel of Record on this date.
Dated: September 14, 2010
s/ Lisa C. Bartlett
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