Macomb Interceptor Drain Drainage District v. Kilpatrick et al
ORDER denying 359 Motion to Compel Production of Grand Jury Matter and granting in part and denying in part 363 Motion to Compel Responses to Second Set of Interrogatories and Requests for Production of Documents - Signed by Magistrate Judge Mona K. Majzoub. (LBar)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
MACOMB INTERCEPTOR DRAIN
CIVIL ACTION NO. 11-CV-13101
DISTRICT JUDGE ARTHUR J. TARNOW
MAGISTRATE JUDGE MONA K. MAJZOUB
INLAND WATERS POLLUTION
- and CITY OF DETROIT and its DETROIT
WATER AND SEWERAGE
KWAME KILPATRICK, et al;
OPINION AND ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF’S MOTION TO COMPEL
PRODUCTION OF GRAND JURY MATTER PURSUANT TO FED.R.CRIM.P.
6(e)(3)(E)(i)  AND GRANTING IN PART AND DENYING IN PART PLAINTIFF’S
MOTION TO COMPEL RESPONSES TO PLAINTIFF’S SECOND
INTERROGATORIES AND REQUESTS FOR PRODUCTION OF DOCUMENTS 
Before the Court are Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel Production of Grand Jury Matter
Pursuant to Fed.R.Crim.P. 6(e)(3)(E)(i) (docket no. 359), and Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel
Responses to Plaintiff’s Second Interrogatories and Requests for Production of Documents
Directed at Defendant, Inland Waters Pollution Control, Inc. (docket no. 363). The United States
filed a Response in opposition to Plaintiff’s Motion for Production of Grand Jury Matter (docket
no. 362), and Plaintiff and the United States filed a Joint Statement related to Plaintiff’s Motion
(docket no. 370). Defendant filed a Response in opposition to Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel
discovery responses (docket no. 368), Plaintiff filed a Reply (docket no. 369), and the Parties filed
a Joint Statement (docket no. 372).
The Motions were referred to the undersigned for
consideration. (Docket no. 365.) The Court dispenses with oral argument pursuant to E.D.
Mich. LR 7.1(e). The Motions are now ready for ruling.
This matter arises out of the well-known corruption scandal that permeated the City of
Detroit (the City) during the tenure of former Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick, resulting in the conviction
of Kilpatrick and several associates. See, generally, United States v. Kilpatrick, et al., No.
10-cr-20403 (E.D. Mich., 2010). Specifically at issue in this case are the alleged “overcharges
and other irregularities” associated with the repair of a sewer line and sinkhole underneath 15 Mile
Road in the City of Sterling Heights from August of 2004 through June of 2005 (the 15 Mile Road
Project). (See docket no. 359.) Plaintiff Macomb Interceptor Drain Drainage District (MIDDD)
brings this claim against Defendant Inland Waters Pollution Control, Inc. (Inland), in MIDDD’s
capacity as an assignee of the City of Detroit Water & Sewer Department (DWSD).1
By way of a very brief background, in August of 2004, a major arm of the underground
sewer below 15 Mile Road in Macomb County collapsed, causing massive sinkhole to form
underneath the road. Kilpatrick and then-Director of the DWSD Victor Mercado amended an
Notably, the Parties dispute the breadth of the assignment from DWSD to MIDDD; the
Court will not issue any findings with regard to the assignment herein.
existing contract with Inland so that Inland and its former principal, Anthony Soave, could lead the
15 Mile Road Project. Inland then subcontracted with Bobby Ferguson to perform the repair
work. (See generally, docket nos. 359 and 368.) Plaintiff alleges that these individuals and
“others” conspired—through Inland—to defraud the City of approximately $26,000,000.00
through cost inflation “to make room for kickbacks, illegal/unethical payments, overpayments for
work that was either grossly exaggerated or simply not done, and ‘hush money.’” (Docket no.
359 at 4-7.) Through its assignment from the City and the DWSD, Plaintiff seeks recovery of
In December 2013, as this matter progressed, Plaintiff served Defendant with its First
Interrogatories and Requests for Production of Documents.
Defendant responded with
objections, which led to Plaintiff’s December 12, 2013 Motion to Compel. (Docket no. 329.)
The Parties stipulated to a resolution of Plaintiff’s Motion, and Defendant ultimately produced
approximately 107,000 pages of documents, all of which were imaged for key-word-search
functionality. (See docket no. 363 at 2; docket no. 368 at 6.) On February 27, 2015, Plaintiff
served Defendant with its Second Interrogatories and Requests for Production of Documents,
which are at issue in Plaintiff’s current Motion. Plaintiff argues that Defendant’s responses to
Interrogatory Nos. 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, and 9 and Requests for Production Nos. 1 through 12 are
insufficient. (Docket no. 363 at 2-4.)
Additionally, on March 19, 2015, Plaintiff requested that the U.S. Attorney’s Office or the
Federal Bureau of Investigation produce copies of the following:
Copies of all relevant Grand Jury testimony and/or documents associated with the
testimony of Kathleen McCann, Anthony Soave, and any other employees or
agents of Inland Waters Pollution Control, Inc. relative to the project commonly
known as the 15 Mile Road Sinkhole Repair.
(See docket no. 359 at 2.) The government refused, leading to Plaintiff’s instant Motion.
(Docket no. 359.)
Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel Grand Jury Matters 
A prevailing concept our grand-jury system is that matters brought before the grand jury
will be kept secret to protect the interests of the government, the public, and individual citizens:
First, if preindictment proceedings were made public, many prospective witnesses
would be hesitant to come forward voluntarily, knowing that those against whom
they testify would be aware of that testimony. Moreover, witnesses who appeared
before the grand jury would be less likely to testify fully and frankly, as they would
be open to retribution as well as to inducements. There also would be the risk that
those about to be indicted would flee, or would try to influence individual grand
jurors to vote against indictment. Finally, by preserving the secrecy of the
proceedings, we assure that persons who are accused but exonerated by the grand
jury will not be held up to public ridicule.
Douglas Oil Co. v. Petrol Stops Northwest, 441 U.S. 211, 219 (1979). Indeed, the concept of
grand-jury secrecy is so vital to our justice system that “courts must consider not only the
immediate effects upon a particular grand jury, but also the possible effect upon the functioning of
future grand juries.” Id. at 222. That is, even if a grand jury has concluded its investigation,
courts must consider that disclosure of grand-jury matters may impair future grand-jury
Persons called upon to testify will consider the likelihood that their testimony may
one day be disclosed to outside parties. Fear of future retribution or social stigma
may act as powerful deterrents to those who would come forward and aid the grand
jury in the performance of its duties. Concern as to the future consequences of frank
and full testimony is heightened where the witness is an employee of a company
under investigation. Thus, the interests in grand jury secrecy, although reduced, are
not eliminated merely because the grand jury has ended its activities.
This enduring standard of secrecy has been codified in the Federal Rules. See, generally,
Fed.R.Crim.P. 6. A court may, however, “authorize disclosure—at a time, in a manner, and
subject to any other conditions that it directs—of a grand-jury matter . . . preliminarily to or in
connection with a judicial proceeding.” Fed.R.Crim.P. 6(e)(3)(E)(i). But any party seeking
such disclosure must demonstrate a compelling need for disclosure that overcomes the general
presumption in favor of secrecy. In re Grand Jury 89–4–72, 932 F.2d 481, 483 (6th Cir.1991).
parties seeking grand jury transcripts under Rule 6(e) must show that the material
they seek is needed to avoid a possible injustice in another judicial proceeding, that
the need for disclosure is greater than the need for continued secrecy, and that their
request is structured to cover only material so needed.
Douglas Oil Co., 441 U.S. at 222. Notably, though,
[t]he fact that the grand jury documents are relevant or that production . . . would
expedite civil discovery or reduce expenses for the parties is insufficient to show
particularized need when the evidence can be obtained through ordinary discovery,
i.e., subpoenaing the documents from other sources, or pursuing other routine
avenues of investigation.
Fed. Deposit Ins. Corp. v. Ernst & Whitney, 921 F.2d 83, 86-87 (6th Cir. 1990) (citing Cullen v.
Margiotta, 811 F.2d 698, 715 (2d Cir. 1987); United States v. Sells Engineering, 463 U.S. 418, 431
Through its request and Motion, Plaintiff seeks to compel production of any testimony or
documents associated with “Kathleen McCann, Anthony Soave, and any other employees or
agents of Inland” related to the 15 Mile Road Project. Plaintiff argues that it can show a
particularized need for disclosure of this information because it has already sought to obtain
documents from Kathleen McCann by subpoena, but “received literally seven pages of
documents” in response. (Docket no. 359 at 9.) Plaintiff notes that Ms. McCann alleges that she
is no longer employed by Inland and that she has been unable to locate any other documents.
Likewise, Anthony Soave is no longer employed by (and he no longer claims an ownership interest
in) Inland. Plaintiff argues that the grand-jury testimony in the Kilpatrick matter “would have
necessarily included the production of documents, most importantly copies of correspondence
authored by [McCann and Soave] or sent to them, electronically or otherwise.” (Id. at 10)
Moreover, Plaintiff asserts, “[t]here can be no doubt that there is a wealth of information beyond
the scope of their trial testimony.” Plaintiff further argues that the concern for secrecy is “not an
issue” in this matter because the criminal defendants “were all convicted several years ago and the
stories of the corruption rampant throughout the Kilpatrick administration have been the subject of
exposees (sic), newspaper and magazine articles, and investigative reports.” (Id. at 11.) Plaintiff
contends that its request is sufficiently narrowly tailored to meet the Douglas Oil standard and that
the Court should order disclosure of the information to redress the injustice caused by the
corruption related to the 15 Mile Road Project. (Id. at 11-12.)
The Government responds by arguing, primarily, that Plaintiff has failed to show a
particularized need for disclosure of the grand-jury matters. (Docket no. 362 at 8.) The Court
agrees. As the Government asserts, even if the Court accepts Plaintiff’s contention that the grand
jury collected more information from McCann, Soave, and Inland during its investigation than
what was discussed when McCann and Soave testified, Plaintiff has not attempted to procure this
information through traditional discovery measures. Plaintiff did attempt to subpoena documents
from McCann and Soave (see docket no. 370 at 3), but Plaintiff’s request to obtain this material
directly from Defendant is outstanding (and is addressed herein). Moreover, Plaintiff has not
taken the depositions of McCann, Soave, or any inland employees. (Id.) Plaintiff argues that it
needs to review the grand-jury information before conducting these depositions, but Plaintiff has
provided no rationale for an inability to conduct traditional discovery in this matter other than an
implication that disclosure of the grand-jury matters would make its job easier. Moreover,
regardless of when the criminal defendants were convicted or what the public knows about this
matter, the Court must consider the effect of disclosure on future grand juries when balancing the
need for secrecy against the need for disclosure. Here, the Court finds that Plaintiff has not met its
burden under Douglas Oil. Nevertheless, the Court acknowledges that Plaintiff may conclude
traditional discovery in this matter and find that disclosure of the grand-jury matters at issue is still
necessary. Therefore, the Court will deny Plaintiff’s Motion without prejudice.
Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel Discovery 
The scope of discovery under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure is traditionally quite
broad. Lewis v. ACB Bus. Servs., 135 F.3d 389, 402 (6th Cir. 1998). Parties may obtain
discovery on any matter that is not privileged and is relevant to any party’s claim or defense if it is
reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. Fed.R.Civ.P. 26(b)(1).
“Relevant evidence” is “evidence having any tendency to make the existence of any fact that is of
consequence to the determination of the action more probable or less probable than it would be
without the evidence.” Fed.R.Evid. 401. But the scope of discovery is not unlimited. “District
courts have discretion to limit the scope of discovery where the information sought is overly broad
or would prove unduly burdensome to produce.” Surles ex rel. Johnson v. Greyhound Lines, Inc.,
474 F.3d 288, 305 (6th Cir. 2007).
Rules 33 and 34 allow a party to serve interrogatories and requests for production of
documents on an opposing party. Fed.R.Civ.P. 33, 34. A party receiving such a request has
thirty days to respond with answers or objections. Fed.R.Civ.P. 33(b)(2), 34(b)(2)(A). If the
party receiving discovery requests under the Rules fails to respond properly, Rule 37 provides the
party who sent the discovery with the means to file a motion to compel.
37(a)(3)(B). If a court grants a Rule 37 motion to compel, then the court must award reasonable
expenses and attorney’s fees to the successful party, unless the successful party did not confer in
good faith before the motion, the opposing party’s position was substantially justified, or other
circumstances would make an award unjust. Fed.R.Civ.P. 37(A)(5)(a).
Through its Motion, Plaintiff argues that Defendant’s responses to its Interrogatory Nos. 1,
2, 3, and 62 were insufficient and that Defendant “failed to produce a single document” in response
to its Requests for Production Nos. 1 through 12. (Docket no. 363 at 3-4.) The parties have
resolved their dispute with regard to Interrogatory No. 6 and Request for Production No. 6 and
with regard to a portion of Interrogatory No. 2 and Requests for Production No. 2.3 (Docket no.
372 at 2-3.) Defendant contends that it did answer some of Plaintiff’s interrogatories, that its
objections are valid, and that it produced over 107,000 pages of documents in response to earlier
discovery requests, which include documents responsive to Plaintiff’s instant Requests to Produce.
(Docket no. 368 at 5-6.)
Additionally, Defendant argues that Plaintiff has exceeded the
25-interrogatory maximum under Fed. R. Civ. P. 33(a)(1). The Court will first address the
number of interrogatories at issue and the relevancy of Defendant’s prior document production.
Plaintiff’s Motion asserts that Defendant’s responses with regard to Interrogatory Nos. 1,
2, 3, 6, 8, and 9 were deficient, but Plaintiff’s discovery request itself only included 7
interrogatories; that is, Plaintiff’s Second Set of Interrogatories did not include an Interrogatory
No. 8 or No. 9. (See docket no. 363-2 at 7-10.)
The parties note that they have also reached a compromise with regard to a portion of
Interrogatory No. 7 and Request to Product No. 7, but Plaintiff did not include these discovery
requests in its initial Motion.
The Court will then address each Interrogatory and its corresponding Request for Production in
Application of Fed. R. Civ. P. 33(a)(1)
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 33 permits a party to serve no more than 25 written
interrogatories, including all discrete subparts, without leave of court. Fed.R.Civ.P. 33(a)(1).
“Discrete subparts” of an interrogatory are questions that ask for discrete pieces of information.
Nolan, LLC v. TDC Int’l Corp., No. 06-14907, 2007 WL 3408584, at *3 (E.D. Mich. Nov. 15,
2007) (citing Prochaska & Assocs. v. Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner & Smith, Inc., 155 F.R.D.
189, 191 (D.Neb.1993)). But a subpart that is related to the primary question or directed at
eliciting details concerning the common theme of the interrogatory should be counted as one
interrogatory rather than as a discrete and separate interrogatory. Harhara v. Norville, No. 07–
12650, 2007 WL 2897845, at * 1 (E.D. Mich. Sept. 25, 2007).
Plaintiff’s First Interrogatories to Defendant included 18 interrogatories, not including
subparts.4 (Docket no. 368-5 at 5-20.) Plaintiff’s Second Set of Interrogatories, at issue herein,
includes 7 interrogatories, the first three of which contain subparts. (Docket no. 363-3 at 7-10.)
Each of the subparts in the four interrogatories in questions is either related to the primary question
or elicits details regarding the common theme of the interrogatory. Thus, the Court finds that
Plaintiff has only served Defendant with 25 interrogatories.
Defendant’s Prior Document Production
Much of the Parties’ arguments are centered on Defendant’s prior production of 107,000
pages of documents in response to Plaintiff’s Frist Requests for Production. In Plaintiff’s Second
Interrogatory No. 3 was the only interrogatory containing subparts in Plaintiff’s First set
of Interrogatories. (Docket no. 368-5 at 7.)
Requests for Production, Plaintiff’s Request Nos. 1 through 7 each ask for documents related to
Defendant’s Responses to Interrogatory Nos. 1 through 7. (See docket no. 363-3 at 10-11.)
Defendant responded to these requests by referring to its objections related to the associated
interrogatory and by noting with regard to Request Nos. 2, 3, 4, and 7 that it “has previously
produced any relevant, responsive and non-privileged documents in its possession as part of its
document production relating to MIDDD’s First Interrogatories and First Document Requests.”
(Docket no. 368-4 at 9-10.)
Defendant argues, in general, that its prior production—including “over 40 CDs and DVDs
containing electronic documents and 43 boxes of hardcopy original documents” totaling 107,000
pages of electronic and hardcopy documents is sufficient. (Docket no. 368 at 20.) Moreover,
Defendant contends, Plaintiff can “create and conduct pinpoint searches” of these documents
because the documents have been digitized by a third-party vendor. (Id.) But Defendant’s
contention in this regard is inapposite. Neither the amount of documents previously produced nor
the form in which they were produced is relevant with regard to whether Defendant’s answers are
responsive. If Defendant does not have additional documents to produce in response to Plaintiff’s
requests, it must say so; and to the extent that Defendant relies on Fed. R. Civ. P. 33(d), it must
respond with “sufficient detail to enable the interrogating party locate and identify [the documents]
as readily as the responding party could.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 33(d)(1). Stating that the records are
searchable is insufficient. Therefore, to the extent that the Court orders production herein, or to
the extent that the parties have reached an agreement with regard to certain requests, the Court will
order Defendant to identify by Bates number the documents it has produced that are responsive to
each of Plaintiff’s respective Requests for Production. If Defendant cannot locate any responsive
documents that have not already been produced, it must provide a sworn declaration that after
making reasonable effort it cannot locate additional documents responsive to the request.
Interrogatory Nos. 1 and 2, and Requests for Production Nos. 1 and 2
Plaintiff’s Interrogatory No. 1 seeks information regarding “whether there has been a
sale/transfer of asserts or sale/transfer of more than twenty percent (20%) of the ownership interest
of Inland” in the last 10 years. (Docket no. 363-3 at 5-6.) Plaintiff’s Request to Production No. 1
seeks any documents related to any such transaction. (Id. at 9.) Defendant responded by
objecting to the Interrogatory as overbroad, irrelevant, and “not related in any way to MIDDD’s
assigned claim relating solely to services or work performed on the Macomb System.” (Id. at 6.)
Defendant expounds (somewhat) on this objection in its Response to Plaintiff’s Motion by arguing
that Plaintiff “fails to present any reason . . . why Inland should be forced to divulge highly
sensitive and confidential information about its assets and ownership transactions.” (Docket no.
368 at 17.)
Plaintiff’s Interrogatory No. 2 asks that Defendant “[i]dentify all officers, directors,
shareholders and employees of Defendant” and that it provide detailed information with regard to
the individuals’ employment histories, including their involvement with the 15 Mile Road Project.
(Docket no. 363-3 at 6.) Plaintiff’s Request to Production No. 2 seeks any documents related to
Defendant’s answer. (Id. at 9-10.) Defendant responded by arguing that the information is
irrelevant, but Defendant also stated that it had “previously identified those Inland representatives
that were involved in the Interceptor/Sinkhole emergency repair project” in its responses to
Plaintiff’s First Set of Interrogatories, Nos. 2, 8, and 9. (Id.) Defendant also contends that it
“certainly is not required to provide lengthy employee lists and information for those employees
not involved with the Project.” (Docket no. 368 at 18.) Plaintiff responds tangentially with
regard to both interrogatories by arguing that “information related to the corporate hierarchy is
necessary to determine key roles [certain] individuals and holding companies played in the
management of Inland, the solicitation of bids, negotiation with contracts . . . as well as the
assumption of liability upon sale of interest. (Docket no. 369 at 5.)
Plaintiff’s First Set of Interrogatories Nos. 2, 8, and 9 asked Defendant to provide
(respectively): (1) a list of individuals who may be called as witnesses in this matter; (2) a list of
individuals who received, reviewed, processed, or approved invoices related to the 15 Mile Road
Project; and (3) a list of employees who were involved with the 15 Mile Road Project. (See
docket no. 368-5 at 6, 11-12.) In response, Defendant identified two individuals who would
testify and two additional individuals who reviewed invoices. (See id.) Plaintiff argues that this
response is “obviously incomplete.” (Docket no. 363 at 3.)
Plaintiff’s Motion relates to its Second Set of Interrogatories, but his argument relates to
Defendant’s answers to its First Set of Interrogatories.
Thus, it is unclear exactly which
interrogatories Plaintiff is asking the Court to order Defendant to answer. To the extent Plaintiff
seeks answers to its First Set of Interrogatories, such a Motion is not before the Court. And to the
extent Plaintiff’s Interrogatory Nos. 1 and 2 in its Second Set of Interrogatories is duplicative,
Defendant’s objection is proper.
Nevertheless, Plaintiff’s Interrogatory Nos. 1 and 2 do seek some information not
previously requested. That is, Plaintiff seeks information related to Defendant’s ownership and
asset transactions (Interrogatory No. 1.), and information related to Defendant’s officers, directors,
shareholders, and employees not involved in the 15 Mile Road Project (Interrogatory No. 2).
With regard to Interrogatory No. 1, the Court finds that Plaintiff’s request is not reasonably
calculated to lead to the discovery of admissible evidence. Plaintiff has provided no justification
for its use of this information other than a loose implication that some unknown holding company
may have been involved in the bidding or negotiation process on the 15 Mile Road Project. This
implication is insufficient to justify what would amount to a fishing expedition related to
Therefore, the Court will deny Plaintiff’s Motion with regard to
Interrogatory No. 1 and Request for Production No. 1.
With regard to Interrogatory No. 2, Plaintiff’s requests is, again, overbroad. While the
Court acknowledges that an understanding of Defendant’s corporate hierarchy and the individuals’
association with the 15 Mile Road Project may be helpful to Plaintiff, Plaintiff has not specified
the timeframe for its request. As written, Plaintiff’s Interrogatory No. 2 seeks a list of the current
officers, directors, and shareholders at Inland. But Defendant’s current corporate hierarchy is not
relevant to Plaintiff’s claims. And to the extent Plaintiff seeks historical information, such a
request is not before the Court. Moreover, Plaintiff’s request for a list of all of Defendant’s
employees is overbroad and, to the extent Defendant has already provided a list of employees
involved with the 15 Mile Road Project, duplicative. Therefore, the Court will deny Plaintiff’s
Motion with regard to Interrogatory No. 2. and Request for Production No. 2.
Interrogatory No. 3 and Request for Production No. 3
Plaintiff’s Interrogatory No. 3 seeks information regarding “all business relationships
between [Defendant] and Ferguson Enterprises, Inc.; Bobby Ferguson; and/or any entity in which
Bobby Ferguson is an owner, officer, or employee, from 2000 to the present.” (Docket no. 363-3
at 7.) Plaintiff’s Request to Production No. 3 seeks any documents related to these relationships.
(Id. at 10.) Defendant responded by objecting to the interrogatory as overbroad and irrelevant,
but Defendant did provide information with regard to its relationship with Ferguson Enterprises,
Inc. (FEI). Defendant then referred Plaintiff to its business records for further information
pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 33(d). (Id. at 7.) Plaintiff argues that Defendant improperly limited
the scope of its answer to its relationship with FEI. (Docket no. 363 at 3.) Defendant contends
that any information outside of its relationship with FEI is irrelevant. (Id. at 19.)
Again, as written, Plaintiff’s request is overbroad to the extent that it seeks a description of
all business relationships between Bobby Ferguson and Defendant. Thus, the Court will limit
Defendant’s response to a description of any relationships between Bobby Ferguson and
Defendant related to the 15 Mile Road Project. Even in this limited context, though, Defendant’s
response is incomplete as it does not disclose whether Defendant and Bobby Ferguson had any
business relationships related to the 15 Mile Road Project outside of FEI. Therefore, the Court
will order Defendant to amend its answer to provide such information; the Court will also order
Defendant to produce documents in response to Plaintiff’s Request for Production No. 3. And, as
discussed herein, to the extent Defendant relies on Fed. R. Civ. P. 33(d), Defendant must amend its
responses to include bates number.
Requests for Production Nos. 4, 5, and 7
In each of these Requests for Production, Plaintiff seeks information related to Defendant’s
responses to Plaintiff’s related interrogatory. Plaintiff, however, has not challenged Defendant’s
objections to the interrogatories and has not provided any argument with regard to Defendant’s
lack of production except for a general contention that Defendant failed to provide any responsive
documents. See docket no. 363. Thus, the Court will deny Plaintiff’s Motion with regard to
these requests. Nevertheless, to the extent that Defendant referred to its earlier production in
response to these requests, Defendant must amend its answer to include Bates numbers as
Requests for Production Nos. 8, 9, and 10
Plaintiff’s Requests for Production Nos. 8, 9, and 10 seek information related to
Defendant’s communication with Soave Enterprises from 2004 to 2009, information related to
Defendant’s employees that have authority to use company expense accounts, and
communications by and between any of Defendant’s employees that were interviewed in
connection with the Kilpatrick criminal matter. Defendant objects, generally, that the requests
are irrelevant and overbroad. (See docket no. 363-3 at 11.) The Court finds these objections
unpersuasive. Therefore, the Court will order Defendant to produce any documents responsive to
Request for Production No. 11
Plaintiff’s Request for Production No. 11 seeks production of “[a]ny and all documents,
records, or tangible things produced to any investigatory government entity regarding [the
Kilpatrick criminal matter].” Defendant objects and this request is overbroad and irrelevant but
adds that the request “seeks matters privileged involving the criminal Grand Jury system.” (Id. at
12.) While the Court acknowledges Defendant’s concern, nothing in Fed. R. Crim. P. 6 exempts
documents from civil discovery simply because those same documents may have been produced to
a grand jury related to a criminal matter. Indeed, to the extent that Defendant’s employees
appeared as witnesses before the grand jury and may have testified with regard to these documents,
Rule 6 explicitly excludes witnesses from being bound by the secrecy requirements. See Fed. R.
Crim. P. 6(e)(2)(A)-(B). Therefore, the Court will grant Plaintiff’s request with regard to Request
for Production No. 11.
Request for Production No. 12
Plaintiff’s Request for Production No. 12 seeks “[a]ny and all communications by
representatives of [Defendant] to the email account ‘firstname.lastname@example.org.’” (Docket no. 363-3
at 12.) Defendant responded that its “investigation into the information sought . . . is ongoing and
[Defendant] will amend its answer in due course and produce any relevant, responsive and
non-privileged documents in its possession which have not been produced previously.” (Id.)
The Parties have not specifically addressed this document request in their briefing, but to the
extent Defendant has any responsive documents that it has not produced, the Court will grant
If Defendant has previously produced responsive documents, it must
reference those documents by bates number. And if Defendant determines that any responsive
documents are privileged, it must disclose the same in a privilege log.
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel Production of Grand
Jury Matter Pursuant to Fed.R.Crim.P. 6(e)(3)(E)(i)  is DENIED without prejudice.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel Responses to Plaintiff’s
Second Interrogatories and Requests for Production of Documents Directed at Defendant, Inland
Waters Pollution Control, Inc.  is GRANTED IN PART AND DENIED IN PART:
Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel with regard to Interrogatory Nos. 1 and 2, and
Requests for Production Nos. 1 and 2 is DENIED;
Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel with regard to Interrogatory No. 3 and Request for
Production No. 3 is GRANTED IN PART and DENIED IN PART. Defendant
must amend its answer to this interrogatory and its related documents production to
include information regarding all business relationships related to the 15 Mile Road
Project between Defendant and Ferguson Enterprises, Inc.; Bobby Ferguson;
and/or any entity in which Bobby Ferguson is an owner, officer, or employee, from
2000 to the present;
Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel with regard to Requests for Production Nos. 4, 5, and
7 is GRANTED IN PART and DENIED IN PART. Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel
additional document production is denied, but to the extent that Defendant’s
answers referred to prior production, Defendant must amend its answers to include
Bates numbers as discussed herein;
Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel with regard to Requests for Production Nos. 8-11 is
Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel with regard to Request for Production No. 12 is
GRANTED. Defendant must produce any responsive documents that it has not
yet produced. And if Defendant determines that any responsive documents are
privileged, it must disclose the same in a privilege log.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that to the extent Defendant provides responses (or if
Defendant has previously provided responses) to Plaintiff’s discovery requests, Defendant must
identify by bates number the documents it has produced that are responsive to each of Plaintiff’s
respective Requests for Production. If Defendant cannot locate any responsive documents that
have not already been produced, it must provide a sworn declaration that after making reasonable
effort it cannot locate additional documents responsive to the request.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Defendant must provide discovery responses in
accordance with this Opinion and Order within 30 days.
Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(a), the parties have a period of fourteen days from the date of
this Order within which to file any written appeal to the District Judge as may be permissible under
28 U.S.C. 636(b)(1).
Dated: November 3, 2015
s/ Mona K. Majzoub
MONA K. MAJZOUB
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
PROOF OF SERVICE
I hereby certify that a copy of this Opinion and Order was served on counsel of record on
Dated: November 3, 2015
s/ Lisa C. Bartlett
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