Sandles v. Chastang et al
OPINION AND ORDER DISMISSING CASE, DENYING AS MOOT PENDINGS MOTIONS, ENJOINING PLAINTIFF FROM FUTURE FILINGS Signed by District Judge Patrick J. Duggan. (MOre)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
JOHN ERIC SANDLES,
Case No. 12-11721
RITA CHASTANG, SARAH COHEN,
GEORGE C. STEEH, ALICE M.
BATCHELDER, ERIC L. CLAY, ALAN E.
NORRIS, GUY COLE, JR., JOHN M.
ROGERS, and JOHN DOE,
Honorable Patrick J. Duggan
OPINION AND ORDER SUMMARILY DISMISSING WITH PREJUDICE
Plaintiff John Eric Sandles, appearing pro se, has filed numerous lawsuits in this and
other courts. In one of those cases, filed in 2007 and assigned to the Honorable Marianne
O. Battani, it was noted that “[s]ince approximately 1995, Plaintiff has filed some 80
cases in the federal courts.” See Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation at 2,
Sandles v. United States, No. 07-15066 (E.D. Mich. Jan. 4, 2008). From this Court’s
review, it appears that many (if not all) of Plaintiff’s lawsuits arise from prior criminal
convictions in this District or the Eastern District of Wisconsin, the revocation of his
supervised release, and/or the conditions of his confinement (specifically the failure to
receive psychiatric treatment and/or evaluation). Judge Battani issued an order on January
28, 2008, enjoining Plaintiff “from filing future actions without first seeking and
obtaining leave of court.” Order, Sandles v United States, No. 07-15066 (E.D. Mich. Jan.
28, 2008) (emphasis added).
It appears from this District’s electronic filing system and the United States Pacer
system (which tracks filings in federal district, bankruptcy, and appellate courts) that
Judge Battani’s order had the effect of reducing the number of lawsuits Plaintiff initiated.
Recently, however, Plaintiff filed three new lawsuits that are now before the undersigned:
Case No. 12-11721, Sandles v. Chastang, et al. (filed Mar. 27, 2012 in Wayne Cnty. Cir.
Ct. and removed Apr. 18, 2012); Case No. 12-11773, Sandles v. Andrew Batista, et al.
(filed April 20, 2012); and Case No. 12-12117, Sandles v. Clay, et al. (filed April 13,
2012 in Wayne Cnty. Cir. Ct. and removed May 10, 2012). All of the defendants named
in the above-captioned case (Case No. 12-11721) are also named in Case No. 12-11773,
and most are also named in Case No. 12-12117.
Plaintiff did not seek and obtain leave of court prior to filing the above-captioned
action. While Plaintiff filed the action in the Circuit Court for Wayne County, Michigan,
Judge Battani’s order was not limited to the filing of lawsuits in federal court.1 See supra.
The Anti–Injunction Act, codified at 28 U.S.C. § 2283, prohibits a federal court from
issuing injunctions “to stay proceedings in a State court except as expressly authorized by
Act of Congress, or where necessary in aid of its jurisdiction, or to protect or effectuate its
judgments.” The Supreme Court has held, however, that the Act only prohibits injunctions
against pending state court proceedings; the Act does not preclude injunctions against the
institution of state court proceedings. Dombrowski v. Pfister, 380 U.S. 479, 485 n. 2, 85 S.
Ct. 1116, 1120 n.2 (1965). The Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals has held that the AntiInjunction Act prohibits federal courts from issuing injunctions against state court
proceedings “commenced after the institution of the federal suit but before the . . . injunction
As such, the Court finds that Plaintiff has violated Judge Battani’s January 28, 2008
order. This, alone, justifies the Court’s dismissal of his lawsuit. The dismissal is with
prejudice because Plaintiff’s Complaint also is frivolous.
“[A] district court may, at any time, sua sponte dismiss a complaint for lack of
subject matter jurisdiction pursuant to Rule 12(b)(1) of the Federal Rules of Civil
Procedure when the allegations of a complaint are totally implausible, attenuated,
unsubstantial, frivolous, devoid of merit, or no longer open to discussion.” Apple v.
Glenn, 183 F.3d 477, 479 (6th Cir. 1999) (citing Hagans v. Lavine, 415 U.S. 528, 536-37,
94 S. Ct. 1372 (1974) (citing numerous Supreme Court cases for the proposition that
patently frivolous, attenuated, or unsubstantial claims divest the district court of
jurisdiction, but ultimately finding the plaintiffs’ claims raised under 42 U.S.C. § 1983
and 28 U.S.C. § 1343(3) formally alleged a deprivation of constitutional rights and thus
were not unsubstantial or wholly frivolous)). To the extent the Court is able to understand
the allegations in the documents Plaintiff filed in his three pending actions, there are
several reasons why the present lawsuit is frivolous and/or fails to assert claims that
was issued.” Roth v. Bank of the Commonwealth, 583 F.2d 527, 528 (6th Cir.1978), cert.
granted, 440 U.S. 944, 99 S. Ct. 1420, cert. dismissed, 442 U.S. 925, 99 S. Ct. 2852 (1979).
Plaintiff filed his recent complaints in state court after the case before Judge Battani was
initiated and after she issued her injunction. Moreover, enforcing Judge Battani’s order to
enjoin the current lawsuits is “‘necessary . . . to protect or effectuate [Judge Battani’s]
judgment.’” Great Earth Companies, Inc. v. Simon, 806 F.3d 878, 894 (6th Cir. 2002)
(quoting 28 U.S.C. § 2283). Plaintiff is suing the same defendants that he previously sued
in Judge Battani’s case and he is seeking to redress the same injury asserted in Judge
remain open for discussion.2 For example, most of the defendants named in Plaintiff’s
lawsuit are entitled to absolute judicial or prosecutorial immunity. To the extent Plaintiff
argues in the present pleadings that these defendants exceeded their jurisdiction and
therefore are not protected by absolute immunity, his jurisdictional argument has been
raised and rejected in a number of prior lawsuits. See, e.g., Opinion and Order
Dismissing the Pet. for Writ of Habeas Corpus, Sandles v. Frank, et al., No. 00-72277
(E.D. Mich. filed May 31, 2000). As an alternative ground for dismissal, all of the
defendants named in the current action have been named as defendants in one or more of
the previous actions filed by Plaintiff. Those previous actions have sought damages for
the same injury alleged in the pending matter. Even if the prior actions were brought
under different theories of liability, the doctrines of res judicata and/or collateral estoppel
bar his pending lawsuit.
Finally, Plaintiff seeks enforcement of an order entered by the District Court for the
Western District of Wisconsin on January 29, 2004, which he refers to as “the Great
Writ.” Plaintiff asserts that the order declared his conviction “void” and his
imprisonment “false.” He further claims that Defendants engaged in a RICO conspiracy
Defendants Sarah Cohen, George Steeh, and Rita Chastang have filed motions to dismiss
or for summary judgment. (See Docs. 3, 4.) Many of the arguments raised in Defendants’
motions justify the relief they seek, as well as complete dismissal of Plaintiff’s lawsuit.
Nevertheless, adjudicating those motions would require this Court to expend further time on
a frivolous lawsuit and interfere with the Court’s ability to dispense justice where warranted.
Further, the Court assumes that Defendants would appreciate not expending further resources
responding to Plaintiff’s frivolous filings and having to wait for Plaintiff’s response to their
motions before having this lawsuit dismissed.
by ignoring the writ. In fact, as the Wisconsin court explained in a recently issued
decision, the order simply was a show cause order directing the respondent in the case to
answer the petition:
Sandles misinterprets the order entered by Judge John C. Shabaz on January
29, 2004, by construing it as a grant of relief in his favor. It is not. A show
cause order speaks for itself, simply directing a party to show cause why a
judgment, order, sanction, or other relief should not be entered against it.
Opinion and Order at 5-6, Sandles v. Scibana, No. 03-cv-373 (W.D. Wis. April 25, 2012).
Significantly, the court goes on to report that the respondent successfully responded to the
show cause order by filing a motion to dismiss which Judge Shabaz granted. Id. at 6.
For the above reasons, the Court is summarily dismissing Plaintiff’s Complaint with
prejudice. As such, the Court finds moot the pending motion (1) to dismiss by
Defendants Sarah Cohen and George C. Steeh, (2) for summary judgment by Defendant
Rita Chastang, and (3) to remand by Plaintiff.
Moreover, because Judge Battani’s order has not deterred Plaintiff from filing
frivolous lawsuits and he did not comply with the order by seeking leave of court before
filing his most recent lawsuits, the Court is ordering that his future filing of any in forma
pauperis lawsuit (1) without first seeking leave of court or (2) that is frivolous will result
in a sanction of $250 for each lawsuit filed. The Supreme Court has provided one
rationale for such a sanction:
Every paper filed with the Clerk of this Court, no matter how repetitious or
frivolous, requires some portion of the institution’s limited resources. A part of
the Court’s responsibility is to see that these resources are allocated in a way
that promotes the interests of justice. The continual processing of petitioner’s
frivolous [lawsuits] does not promote that end.
In re McDonald, 489 U.S. 180, 184, 109 S. Ct. 993, 996 (1989); see also In re Sindram,
498 U.S. 177, 180, 111 S. Ct. 596, 597 (1991) (“The goal of fairly dispensing justice . . .
is compromised when the Court is forced to devote its limited resources to the processing
of repetitious and frivolous requests. Pro se petitioners have a greater capacity than most
to disrupt the fair allocation of judicial resources because they are not subject to the
financial considerations-filing fees and attorney’s fees-that deter other litigants from
filing frivolous petitions.”). Perhaps imposing financial considerations on Plaintiff when
he wishes to file additional lawsuits will deter him from continuing to abuse the judicial
IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiff’s Complaint is DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE;
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the motion (1) to dismiss by Defendants Sarah
Cohen and George C. Steeh, (2) for summary judgment by Defendant Rita Chastang, and
(3) to remand by Plaintiff are DENIED AS MOOT;
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that, pursuant to Judge Battani’s previous Order,
Plaintiff is ENJOINED FROM FILING FUTURE ACTIONS without first seeking and
obtaining leave of court;
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that, hereafter, sanctions of $250 will be imposed on
Plaintiff for each violation of Judge Battani’s order or each filing of an in forma pauperis
Date: May 31, 2012
s/PATRICK J. DUGGAN
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
John Eric Sandles
Detroit, MI 48228
Thomas F. Myers, Esq.
William L. Woodward, Esq.
Defendants are expected to bring Judge Battani’s and this Court’s orders to the attention
of any court in which Plaintiff files subsequent lawsuits, as no uniform system has been
created to track serial frivolous filers.
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