Fernanders v. Michigan Department of Military and Veterans Affairs et al
OPINION and ORDER Denying Plaintiff's 40 Motion for Relief. Signed by District Judge Robert H. Cleland. (Loury, R)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
ANDERSON LEE FERNANDERS,
Case No. 12-11752
MICHIGAN DEPARTMENT OF
MILITARY & VETERAN AFFAIRS and
MICHIGAN YOUTH CHALLENGE
OPINION AND ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FOR RELIEF
Pro se Plaintiff Anderson Fernanders moves for relief from the court’s June 20,
2013 order denying Plaintiff leave to amend his complaint. Defendants responded, and
a hearing is unnecessary. See E.D. Mich. LR 7.1(f)(1-2). Plaintiff brings his motion for
relief under Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 60(b)(1) and (6). In the interest of liberally
construing this pro se litigant’s papers, the court will consider Plaintiff’s brief in the
alternative as a motion to reconsider. As explained below the motion will be denied.
A. Relief from Order
When bringing a motion for relief from an order under Rule 60(b) a movant
“bears the burden of establishing the grounds for such relief by clear and convincing
evidence.” Info-Hold, Inc. v. Sound Merch., Inc., 538 F.3d 448, 454 (6th Cir. 2008)
(citing Crehore v. United States, 253 F. App’x 547, 549 (6th Cir. 2007)). Plaintiff first
seeks relief under Rule 60(b)(1), in which he must demonstrate (1) the existence of
mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect, and (2) that if the order were set
aside he could mount a meritorious claim. Marshall v. Monroe & Sons, Inc., 615 F.2d
1156, 1160 (6th Cir. 1980) (citations omitted).
Plaintiff alleges that “significant factual and procedural developments” have
occurred since he filed his amended complaint, but does not elaborate on what
developments occurred. (Dkt. # 40 at Pg ID 832.) More importantly, Plaintiff gives no
specific evidence of mistake, inadvertence, surprise or excusable neglect. Nor does he
point to new evidence that the court failed to consider in its June 20 order. Instead, he
disagrees with the court’s ruling that his post-discovery motion to amend presented no
new meritorious claims and came so late as to prejudice Defendants. (Dkt. # 40 at Pg
ID 832-33.) “Rule 60(b) does not allow a defeated litigant a second chance to convince
the court to rule in his or her favor by presenting new explanations, legal theories, or
proof.” Jinks v. AlliedSignal, Inc., 250 F.3d 381, 385 (6th Cir. 2001) (citing Couch v.
Travelers Ins. Co., 551 F.2d 958, 959 (5th Cir. 1977)). Plaintiff does not meet the
burden of establishing grounds for relief under Rule 60(b)(1).
Rule 60(b)(6) “applies only in exceptional and extraordinary circumstances not
addressed by the first five subsections of Rule 60(b).” Id. at 387. The exceptional
circumstances require “unusual and extreme situations where principles of equity
mandate relief.” Olle v. Henry & Wright Corp., 910 F.2d 357, 365 (6th Cir. 1990).
Plaintiff does not demonstrate that exceptional circumstances exist which require relief
from the court’s order denying his motion to amend. He simply contends that his
amended complaint would not prejudice Defendants and that permitting it serves the
interests of justice. (Dkt. # 40 at Pg ID 833-34.) Thus, Plaintiff has not stated grounds
for relief under Rule 60(b)(6).
B. Motion for Reconsideration
A motion for reconsideration shall be granted only if the movant can (1)
“demonstrate a palpable defect by which the court and the parties . . . have been
misled” and (2) “show that correcting the defect will result in a different disposition of the
case.” E.D. Mich. LR 7.1(h)(3). “A ‘palpable defect’ is a defect that is obvious, clear,
unmistakable, manifest, or plain.” United States v. Lockett, 328 F. Supp. 2d 682, 684
(E.D. Mich. 2004). Though Plaintiff disagrees with the court’s view that his proposed
amended complaint would be prejudicial to Defendants, he does not identify any defect
in the court’s analysis which would lead to an outcome in his favor. Therefore, even if
Plaintiff’s motion is construed as one for reconsideration, it will be denied for failing to
establish a palpable defect.
Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiff’s motion for relief [Dkt. # 40] is
s/Robert H. Cleland
ROBERT H. CLELAND
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated: July 25, 2013
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was mailed to counsel of record
on this date, July 25, 2013, by electronic and/or ordinary mail.
s/Richard Loury for Lisa Wagner
Case Manager and Deputy Clerk
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