Fernanders v. Michigan Department of Military and Veterans Affairs et al

Filing 43

OPINION and ORDER Denying Plaintiff's 40 Motion for Relief. Signed by District Judge Robert H. Cleland. (Loury, R)

Download PDF
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN SOUTHERN DIVISION ANDERSON LEE FERNANDERS, Plaintiff, v. Case No. 12-11752 MICHIGAN DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY & VETERAN AFFAIRS and MICHIGAN YOUTH CHALLENGE ACADEMY, Defendants. / OPINION AND ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FOR RELIEF Pro se Plaintiff Anderson Fernanders moves for relief from the court’s June 20, 2013 order denying Plaintiff leave to amend his complaint. Defendants responded, and a hearing is unnecessary. See E.D. Mich. LR 7.1(f)(1-2). Plaintiff brings his motion for relief under Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 60(b)(1) and (6). In the interest of liberally construing this pro se litigant’s papers, the court will consider Plaintiff’s brief in the alternative as a motion to reconsider. As explained below the motion will be denied. I. DISCUSSION A. Relief from Order When bringing a motion for relief from an order under Rule 60(b) a movant “bears the burden of establishing the grounds for such relief by clear and convincing evidence.” Info-Hold, Inc. v. Sound Merch., Inc., 538 F.3d 448, 454 (6th Cir. 2008) (citing Crehore v. United States, 253 F. App’x 547, 549 (6th Cir. 2007)). Plaintiff first seeks relief under Rule 60(b)(1), in which he must demonstrate (1) the existence of mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect, and (2) that if the order were set aside he could mount a meritorious claim. Marshall v. Monroe & Sons, Inc., 615 F.2d 1156, 1160 (6th Cir. 1980) (citations omitted). Plaintiff alleges that “significant factual and procedural developments” have occurred since he filed his amended complaint, but does not elaborate on what developments occurred. (Dkt. # 40 at Pg ID 832.) More importantly, Plaintiff gives no specific evidence of mistake, inadvertence, surprise or excusable neglect. Nor does he point to new evidence that the court failed to consider in its June 20 order. Instead, he disagrees with the court’s ruling that his post-discovery motion to amend presented no new meritorious claims and came so late as to prejudice Defendants. (Dkt. # 40 at Pg ID 832-33.) “Rule 60(b) does not allow a defeated litigant a second chance to convince the court to rule in his or her favor by presenting new explanations, legal theories, or proof.” Jinks v. AlliedSignal, Inc., 250 F.3d 381, 385 (6th Cir. 2001) (citing Couch v. Travelers Ins. Co., 551 F.2d 958, 959 (5th Cir. 1977)). Plaintiff does not meet the burden of establishing grounds for relief under Rule 60(b)(1). Rule 60(b)(6) “applies only in exceptional and extraordinary circumstances not addressed by the first five subsections of Rule 60(b).” Id. at 387. The exceptional circumstances require “unusual and extreme situations where principles of equity mandate relief.” Olle v. Henry & Wright Corp., 910 F.2d 357, 365 (6th Cir. 1990). Plaintiff does not demonstrate that exceptional circumstances exist which require relief from the court’s order denying his motion to amend. He simply contends that his amended complaint would not prejudice Defendants and that permitting it serves the 2 interests of justice. (Dkt. # 40 at Pg ID 833-34.) Thus, Plaintiff has not stated grounds for relief under Rule 60(b)(6). B. Motion for Reconsideration A motion for reconsideration shall be granted only if the movant can (1) “demonstrate a palpable defect by which the court and the parties . . . have been misled” and (2) “show that correcting the defect will result in a different disposition of the case.” E.D. Mich. LR 7.1(h)(3). “A ‘palpable defect’ is a defect that is obvious, clear, unmistakable, manifest, or plain.” United States v. Lockett, 328 F. Supp. 2d 682, 684 (E.D. Mich. 2004). Though Plaintiff disagrees with the court’s view that his proposed amended complaint would be prejudicial to Defendants, he does not identify any defect in the court’s analysis which would lead to an outcome in his favor. Therefore, even if Plaintiff’s motion is construed as one for reconsideration, it will be denied for failing to establish a palpable defect. II. CONCLUSION Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiff’s motion for relief [Dkt. # 40] is DENIED. s/Robert H. Cleland ROBERT H. CLELAND UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE Dated: July 25, 2013 I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was mailed to counsel of record on this date, July 25, 2013, by electronic and/or ordinary mail. s/Richard Loury for Lisa Wagner Case Manager and Deputy Clerk (313) 234-5522 3

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?