Musleh et al v. State Farm Fire and Casualty Company
OPINION AND ORDER denying 12 Motion for Reconsideration. Signed by District Judge Robert H. Cleland. (LWag)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
YAZAN MUSLEH and HUDA MUSLEH,
Case No. 12-13843
STATE FARM FIRE AND
OPINION AND ORDER DENYING PLAINTIFFS’ MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION
Plaintiffs Yazan Musleh and Huda Musleh move for reconsideration of the court’s
November 13, 2012 order granting summary judgment in favor of Defendant State Farm
Fire and Casualty Company. The court ordered Defendant to respond to the motion,
but a hearing is unnecessary. See E.D. Mich. LR 7.1(h)(2). For the following reasons,
the court will deny Plaintiffs’ motion for reconsideration.
A motion for reconsideration shall be granted only if the movant can (1)
“demonstrate a palpable defect by which the court and the parties . . . have been
misled” and (2) “show that correcting the defect will result in a different disposition of the
case.” E.D. Mich. LR 7.1(h)(3). “A ‘palpable defect’ is a defect that is obvious, clear,
unmistakable, manifest, or plain.” United States v. Lockett, 328 F. Supp. 2d 682, 684
(E.D. Mich. 2004). A motion for reconsideration that presents “the same issues ruled
upon by the court, either expressly or by reasonable implication,” will not be granted.
E.D. Mich. LR 7.1(h)(3); see also Czajkowski v. Tindall & Assocs., P.C., 967 F. Supp.
951, 952 (E.D. Mich. 1997).
On March 21, 2008, Plaintiffs’ home suffered damage from a fire. Plaintiffs held
an insurance policy with Defendant and informed Defendant of their intention to file a
claim for benefits. Defendant began investigating the incident and requested a
substantial number of documents from Plaintiffs. Plaintiffs provided Defendant with
some, but not all, of the requested documents. Defendant denied Plaintiffs’ claim for
benefits, and Plaintiffs responded by filing suit against Defendant for breach of the
insurance policy. On December 13, 2010, this court granted summary judgment in
favor of Defendant after finding that Plaintiffs had failed to substantially comply with the
insurance policy by not providing Defendant with all of the necessary documents.
However, the court dismissed the case without prejudice because Plaintiffs’ noncompliance was not wilful. Defendant moved for reconsideration, arguing that the case
should have been dismissed with prejudice. On January 5, 2011, the court denied the
motion. Defendant appealed, and on June 18, 2012, the Sixth Circuit affirmed this
After the court dismissed the case without prejudice, Plaintiffs unsuccessfully
attempted to ascertain from Defendant exactly which documents Defendant still needed
in order to complete its investigation. Plaintiffs concluded from Defendant’s
unresponsive answers that Defendant had waived its need for additional documentation
and, on August 30, 2012, re-filed their breach of contract claim. Plaintiffs did not submit
any documents to Defendant from the time between December 2010, when the case
was dismissed without prejudice, and August 2012, when Plaintiffs re-filed their lawsuit.
Defendant again moved for summary judgment, which the court granted on
November 13, 2012. The court explained that when it denied Defendant’s motion for
reconsideration on January 5, 2011, forty-nine days remained on the one-year statute of
limitations governing Plaintiffs’ breach of contract claim. Even if the statute of limitations
was tolled during the pendency of Defendant’s appeal, Plaintiffs would have needed to
provide Defendant with supplemental documents by August 6, 2012, to toll the
limitations period. By not submitting any documents, the court found that the statute of
limitations expired on Plaintiffs’ claim.
Plaintiffs now move for reconsideration, arguing for the first time that Defendant,
on November 3, 2010, received all of the documents necessary to complete its
investigation. Plaintiffs support this claim by submitting a new affidavit from their
accountant, Jakir Hussain, dated November 20, 2012, that claims Defendant picked up
the requested documents at Hussain’s office on November 3, 2010.1 Plaintiffs aver that
the statute of limitations was therefore tolled as of November 3, 2010, and that, because
Defendant did not again deny Plaintiffs’ claim for insurance benefits, the statute of
limitations has not run since that date. Consequently, Plaintiffs contend that their
breach of contract claim is not time-barred.
Plaintiffs responded to Defendant’s motion for summary judgment on October
15, 2012. Hussain alleges that he did not update his affidavit by that date because he
“was unable to review [his] files in their entirety prior to October 16, 2012 due to [his]
work schedule.” (Dkt. # 12 at Pg 24.)
In order for Plaintiffs to succeed on their motion for reconsideration, Plaintiffs
must demonstrate a palpable defect in the court granting Defendant summary judgment
on November 13, 2012. The issue before the court in that motion was whether the
statute of limitations was tolled following the court’s January 5, 2011 denial of
Defendant’s motion for reconsideration. Plaintiffs’ argument, however, does not identify
a palpable defect in the court’s ruling on that question of law. Instead, Plaintiffs claim
that the court was mislead when it ruled, on December 13, 2010, that Plaintiffs had
failed to substantially comply with the insurance policy.
The law-of-the-case doctrine mandates that “findings made at one point in the
litigation become the law of the case for subsequent stages of that same litigation.”
Rouse v. DaimlerChrysler Corp. UAW, 300 F.3d 711, 715 (6th Cir. 2002). “The doctrine
also bars challenges to a decision made at a previous stage of the litigation which could
have been challenged in a prior appeal, but were not.” Id. The court’s December 2010
order found that Plaintiffs did not provide Defendant with the necessary documents to
complete its investigation. If Plaintiffs thought the court had been mislead in issuing that
order, they should have challenged the ruling at that time by moving to reconsider or
filing an appeal. But Plaintiffs did not do so. The court’s finding that Plaintiffs had not,
as of December 13, 2010, provided Defendant with the requested documents became
the law of the case when the court issued its order on that date.
Plaintiffs waited until November 27, 2012—over two years after the fact—to
allege for the first time that Defendant had all of the necessary documents as of
November 3, 2010. This argument does identify a palpable defect in the court’s
November 2012 order that found that the statute of limitations on Plaintiffs’ breach of
contract claim expired following the court’s January 5, 2011 denial of Defendant’s
motion for reconsideration. Instead, Plaintiffs’ motion attempts to relitigate an issue that
the court already ruled upon in December 2010.
Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that Plaintiffs’ motion for reconsideration [Dkt.
# 12] is DENIED.
s/Robert H. Cleland
ROBERT H. CLELAND
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated: April 24, 2013
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was mailed to counsel of record
on this date, April 24, 2013, by electronic and/or ordinary mail.
Case Manager and Deputy Clerk
S:\Cleland\JUDGE'S DESK\C1 ORDERS\12-13843.MUSLEH.Deny.Reconsideration.wpd
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