Leaphart v. Detroit Housing Commission et al
ORDER denying 23 Motion for disqualification. Signed by District Judge Julian Abele Cook. (KDoa)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
DETROIT HOUSING COMMISSION, et al.,
Case No. 12-13960
Honorable Julian Abele Cook, Jr.
This litigation arises out of a claim under 42 U.S.C. ' 1983 by the pro se Plaintiff, Kirk
Leaphart, who complains that he was unlawfully denied access to a grievance procedure
mandated by 42 U.S.C. ' 1437d(k) prior to his eviction from a public housing
development in Detroit, Michigan. On October 15, 2012, Leaphart filed an Aemergency
motion@ for a temporary restraining order or the entry of a preliminary injunction to enjoin the
enforcement of the state court judgment pending the resolution of this lawsuit. His motion was
denied by this Court because it lacked subject matter jurisdiction to address and resolve the
issues raised therein. Rooker v. Fidelity Trust Co., 263 U.S. 413 (1923);
Columbia Court of Appeals v. Feldman, 460 U.S. 462 (1983). Leaphart=s subsequent motion for
reconsideration was also denied.
Presently before this Court is Leaphart=s motion for the disqualification of this Court
pursuant to 28 U.S.C. ' 455(a) and for relief from the order which denied his motion for
reconsideration. For the reasons stated below, this motion is denied.
Section 455 requires that A[a]ny justice, judge, or magistrate judge of the United States
shall disqualify himself in any proceeding in which his impartiality might reasonably be
questioned.@ 28 U.S.C. ' 455(a). This standard is an objective one and a judge Aneed not recuse
himself based on the subjective view of a party no matter how strongly that view is held.@ United
States v. Sammons, 918 F.2d 592, 599 (6th Cir. 1990) (internal quotation marks omitted); see also
id. (A[A] judge must recuse himself if a reasonable, objective person, knowing all of the
circumstances, would have questioned the judge=s impartiality.@) (quoting Hughes v. United
States, 899 F.2d 1495, 1501 (6th Cir. 1990)).
Leaphart supports his motion on two grounds. The first ground consists of a single
statement: A[t]he cause of action in this case is in itself a species of property protected by the
Fourteenth Amendment=s due process clause.@ The meaning of this statement and its relevance to
a motion for recusal are not immediately clear to the Court, and Leaphart offers no further
explanation. The only law cited by him is Logan v. Zimmerman Brush Co., 455 U.S. 422, 428
(1982), a case that is inapplicable to 28 U.S.C. ' 455(a).
Second, Leaphart contends that this judge is biased against him. This conclusion is based
upon two earlier rulings with which he disagrees: namely, (1) a directive that the parties herein
file briefs that would explain their respective positions in this case, and (2) the denial of his
motion for preliminary injunction on the basis of the Rooker-Feldman doctrine. Leaphart=s
disagreement with the rulings by this Court does not constitute proper ground for recusal. The
Sixth Circuit has long held that a judge=s rulings in a case, regardless of how vehemently a party
may disagree with them, are not indicative of a bias that would warrant a directive of recusal.
See Scott v. Metro. Health Corp., 234 F. App'x 341, 359 (6th Cir. 2007); Sammons, 918
F.2d at 599 (A[T]he requisite showing of prejudice may not be made . . . by pointing to
>erroneous and atypical judicial rulings.=@); Woodruff v. Tomlin, 593 F.2d 33, 44 (6th Cir.
1979) (recusal under 28 U.S.C. ' 455(a) Acannot be based on decisions or rulings of a Judge@).
This position echoes that of the Supreme Court in Liteky v. United States, 510 U.S. 540, 555
(1994) (AJudicial rulings alone almost never constitute a valid basis for a bias or
partiality motion. . . . Almost invariably, they are proper grounds for appeal, not for
Here, the Court is confident that there is no legitimate basis upon which its impartiality
can be reasonably questioned. The order, which required the parties to file briefs that would
explain, or attempt to explain, their respective positions was directed equally toward both parties
and neither prejudiced nor isolated Leaphart or his cause of action in this case. Furthermore, the
Court has considered Leaphart=s argument (to wit, the Rooker-Feldman doctrine is inapplicable
to this case because the state court lacked jurisdiction over his landlord-tenant dispute) and
found it to be without merit.
For the reasons that have been set forth above, the Court denies Leaphart=s
motion for disqualification and for relief from the order which rejected his motion for
reconsideration (ECF No. 23).
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Date: February 25, 2013
s/Julian Abele Cook, Jr.
JULIAN ABELE COOK, JR.
United States District Judge
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE
The undersigned certifies that the foregoing Order was served upon counsel of record
via the Court's ECF System to their respective email addresses or First Class U.S. mail
to the non-ECF participants on February 26, 2013
s/ Kay Doaks
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