Martin v. Kazulkina et al
ORDER Rejecting Magistrate Judge's 136 REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION, and Re-Referring the Case to the Magistrate Judge for Ruling on the Merits the Pending Motions. Signed by District Judge Gerald E. Rosen. (JOwe)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
Hon. Gerald E. Rosen
SOFIA KAZULKINA, et al.,
ORDER REJECTING MAGISTRATE JUDGE’S REPORT
AND RECOMMENDATION, AND RE-REFERRING THE CASE
TO THE MAGISTRATE JUDGE FOR RULING
ON THE MERITS THE PENDING MOTIONS
At a session of said Court, held in
the U.S. Courthouse, Detroit, Michigan
on January 3, 2017
PRESENT: Honorable Gerald E. Rosen
United States District Judge
This matter is presently before the Court on the November 28, 2016 Report and
Recommendation of U.S. Magistrate Judge Patricia T. Morris, recommending that the
Court deny Defendants’ Motions for Summary Judgment (Dkt. Nos. 103 and 109) as
MOOT, deny Plaintiff’s Motions for Summary Judgment (Dkt. Nos. 112, 127) as
MOOT, and deny Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel Discovery (Dkt. No. 122) as MOOT, and
that the court enter a final judgment dismissing Plaintiff’s claims, with prejudice.
Plaintiff Martin timely filed Objections to the R&R, to which Defendant Jerry Makin,
M.D., has responded.
Having reviewed the Magistrate Judge’s R&R, Plaintiff’s Objections, Defendant
Makin’s Response, and the entire record of this matter, the Court concludes that
Magistrate’s Report and Recommendation must be rejected.
The Magistrate Judge’s recommendation that the Court find the pending motions
to be moot is predicated on an erroneous reading of the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals
February 2, 2015 Order addressing Plaintiff’s appeal of this Court’s order granting the
defendants’ motions to revoke his in forma pauperis status, and its remand of the case to
To briefly summarize the history of this case, Plaintiff is a prisoner who filed a
Section 1983 complaint alleging that the defendants violated his constitutional rights by
forcing him to take Haldol, an anti-psychotic medication. He applied for and was
granted leave to proceed with his case in forma pauperis. Thereafter, Defendants moved
to revoke Plaintiff’s ifp status pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) which provides that a
prisoner who has previously had three or more federal lawsuits dismissed as frivolous,
malicious, or for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted may not again
proceed in forma pauperis (the “three strikes rule”). Plaintiff admits that he has had
three or more federal lawsuits dismissed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) before he filed
this lawsuit. However, he argued that the “imminent danger of physical injury” exception
to the three strikes rule applied in his case.
The matter was referred to a Magistrate Judge who recommended that the Court
grant Defendants’ motions, revoke Plaintiff’s ifp status, and dismiss his Complaint,
without prejudice. The Court adopted the R&R and dismissed the case, without
Plaintiff appealed that decision to the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals.
On February 2, 2015, the Court of Appeals issued its ruling finding that this Court
erred in declining to apply the imminent danger exception and accordingly, held that §
1915 did not bar Martin from proceeding ifp in this action. See CTA Order at Dkt. No.
63. Therefore, the appellate court vacated this Court’s judgment and remanded the
matter “for further proceedings.” Id.
Following remand, both Plaintiff and Defendants filed a number of motions.
Among these was a a Motion for Temporary Restraining Order, Preliminary Injunction
and Permanent Injunction filed by the Plaintiff. The Magistrate Judge issued a Report
and Recommendation on January 30, 2016, addressing this motion and also addressing
the claim for injunctive relief raised in Plaintiff’s complaint. The Magistrate Judge
recommended that the Court deny the requested injunctive relief. See Dkt. No. 93. The
Court adopted the R&R on April 20, 2016. See Dkt. No. 106.
Defendants also filed motions for summary judgment. These motions addressed
the merits of Plaintiff’s claim that his “forced” medication amounted to cruel and unusual
punishment in violation of the Eighth Amendment and his claim of violation of his First
Amendment right to free speech. Plaintiff also moved for summary judgment in his
favor. Responses and reply briefs were filed. On November 28, 2016, the Magistrate
Judge issued an R&R recommending that the Court find all of these motions to be moot.
The Magistrate Judge based her R&R on her reading of the Sixth Circuit’s February 2,
2015 Order and this Court’s Order of April 20, 2016:
[T]he Sixth Circuit, on appeal, found that “the district court erred by
declining to apply the imminent danger exception, and § 1915 does not bar
[Plaintiff] from proceeding [in forma pauperis] in this action,” vacated the
district court’s judgment, and remanded the matter for further proceedings.
The result of this remand was to reopen this case as to Plaintiff’s
requests for preliminary injunctive relief only.
Thereafter, all pretrial matters were referred to the undersigned Magistrate
Judge (Doc. 64). On January 30, 2016, I issued a Report and
Recommendation (Doc. 93), to deny Plaintiff’s motions to appoint expert
witness (Doc. 85), for oral deposition, (Doc. 72), for temporary restraining
order, for preliminary injunction, and for permanent injunction (Doc. 76),
and to dismiss Plaintiff’s complaint (Doc. 1). On April 20, 2016, District
Judge Rosen issued an Order adopting my Report and Recommendation
(Doc. 106), thus denying Plaintiff’s motions for a preliminary injunction,
permanent injunction, temporary restraining order, oral deposition, and
appointment of an expert witness. More recently, Judge Rosen issued an
Order denying in forma pauperis (IFP) status on appeal because any appeal
from his Order denying Plaintiff’s motion for preliminary injunction (Doc.
106) would be frivolous. (Doc. 135).
Although the case seems to have slipped through the legal cracks, and the
parties have filed motions, there exist no other issues to resolve. The
Report and Recommendation, adopted by District Judge Rosen, resolved
all remaining questions in this matter. (Docs. 106, 135). The instant
outstanding motions, therefore, are of no consequence.
[11/28/16 R&R pp. 2-3 (emphasis added).]
The Court finds that the Magistrate Judge has misconstrued the Sixth Circuit’s
February 2, 2015 Order and this Court’s Order April 20, 2016 adopting the Magistrate
Judge’s January 30, 2016 R&R.
First, there is nothing in the Sixth Circuit’s Order limiting remand of this case
only for this Court to rule on Plaintiff’s request for preliminary injunctive relief. Rather,
the Sixth Circuit’s Order broadly states, “[W]e ... remand the matter for further
proceedings.” [See Dkt. No.63, p. 6 (emphasis added)]. Nor was Plaintiff’s complaint
limited to a request for injunctive relief. Indeed, the Sixth Circuit expressly noted that in
his complaint “Martin sought an injunction ordering all defendants to stop the
involuntary administration of the drugs and compensatory and punitive damages and
costs.” Id. at p. 3 (emphasis added).
Second, though the Magistrate Judge states that in her January 30, 2016 R&R
addressing Plaintiff’s motion for injunctive relief, in addition to recommending that
Plaintiff’s motion for TRO, preliminary injunction and permanent injunction be denied,
she recommended that the Court “dismiss Plaintiff’s complaint (Doc. 1),” she made no
such recommendation. [See Dkt. No. 93.] Nor did the Court so order in adopting that
R&R. [See Dkt. No. 106.]
For all of the foregoing reasons, the Court concludes that the Magistrate Judge
erroneously concluded that the only matter remanded by the Sixth Circuit for
adjudication by this Court was Plaintiff’s request for preliminary injunctive relief, and
erroneously concluded that, by virtue of the Court’s April 20, 2016 Order denying
Plaintiff’s motion for injunctive relief, there exist no other issues to resolve.
The Court hereby REJECTS the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation
of November 28, 2016 [Dkt. No. 136] and this case is re-referred to the Magistrate Judge
for further pretrial proceedings, including for an “on the merits” report and
recommendation on Defendants’ Motions for Summary Judgment [Dkt. Nos. 103, 109]
and Plaintiff’s Motions for Summary Judgment [Dkt. Nos. 112, 127], and for hearing and
determination of Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel Discovery [Dkt. No. 122].
s/Gerald E. Rosen
United States District Judge
Dated: January 3, 2017
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was served upon the parties and/or
counsel of record on January 3, 2017, by electronic and/or ordinary mail.
Case Manager, (313) 234-5135
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