Wright-El v. Hagerman et al
ORDER of Summary Dismissal. Signed by District Judge Gerald E. Rosen. (JOwe)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
JUAN MONROE: WRIGHT-EL,
Hon. Gerald E. Rosen
STEPHEN A. HAGERMAN; WEST
SIDE BRICK, LLC; and VIRGIL
C. SMITH, Wayne County Circuit
Court Chief Judge,
ORDER OF SUMMARY DISMISSAL
At a session of said Court, held in
the U.S. Courthouse, Detroit, Michigan
on January 27, 2014
PRESENT:Honorable Gerald E. Rosen
United States District Chief Judge
Plaintiff Juan Monroe: Wright-El has filed a pro se complaint against “Stephen A.
Hagerman a/k/a Steven Hagerman; West Side Brick, LLC; and Virgil C. Smith d/b/a
Wayne County Circuit Court Chief Judge” in which he complains that Defendants
Hagerman and West Side Brick, LLC were wrongfully granted possession to his domicile
and, as a consequence of that wrongful possession, are liable to him for conversion,
trespass, intentional interference with contract, mental intimidation and intentional
infliction of emotional distress. He further complains that he filed a written objection to
the Wayne County Treasurer’s auction/sale of his house in the Wayne County Circuit
Court but Judge Smith did not take the action he requested in his objection. As relief,
Plaintiff requests an order from this Court prohibiting Defendants from trespassing on his
property and damages in the amount of $350,000, plus fees and costs.
Plaintiff was granted permission to proceed with this action in forma pauperis,
without prepayment of the filing fee under 28 U.S.C. § 1915. After careful
consideration, the Court dismisses Plaintiff’s complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §
Complaints filed in forma pauperis are subject to the screening requirements of 28
U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2). Brown v. Burgery, 207 F.3d 863, 866 (6th Cir. 2000). Section
1915(e)(2) requires district courts to screen and to dismiss complaints that are frivolous,
fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seek monetary relief from a
defendant who is immune from such relief.
The federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction; they have only such
jurisdiction as is defined by Article III of the United States Constitution and granted by
Congress. Gross v. Hougland, 712 F.2d 1034, 1036 (6th Cir. 1983). As provided in 28
U.S.C. §§ 1331 and 1332, federal courts have jurisdiction over civil actions arising under
the Constitution, laws, or treaties of the United States, 28 U.S.C. § 1331 (“federal
question jurisdiction”), and over civil actions between completely diverse parties where
the matter in controversy exceeds the sum or value of $75,000, 28 U.S.C. § 1332
(“diversity jurisdiction”). Federal courts have a duty to consider their subject matter
jurisdiction in regard to every case and may raise the issue sua sponte. See In re Lewis,
398 F.3d 735, 739 (6th Cir. 2005).
Turning to the instant matter, Plaintiff’s Complaint on its face does not allege any
federal question nor does it present such allegations that would establish diversity
Additionally Plaintiff here is suing a state court judge. It is well-established that
judges, when acting within the scope of their subject matter jurisdiction, have absolute
immunity from any claim for damages, either under state or federal law. Mireles v. Waco,
502 U.S. 9, 112 S. Ct. 286, 116 L.Ed.2d 9 (1991). See also, Ross v. Consumers Power
Co., 420 Mich. 567, 632, 363 N.W.2d 641, 667 (1985) (Absolute immunity is granted to
judges, even for malicious acts, as long as they are acting within their judicial authority).
In this case, Plaintiff complains of the judge’s actions taken in a foreclosure action.
Judge Smith is a duly-elected Michigan circuit court judge and his jurisdiction and
authority clearly encompass conducting the proceedings attendant to the foreclosure sale
of Plaintiff’s property. Plaintiff’s complaints against Defendant Smith arise out the
judge’s conduct while conducting those proceedings. As such, the judge and the court are
clearly cloaked with absolute judicial immunity
For all of these reasons, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2),
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff’s ifp complaint is hereby DISMISSED.
s/Gerald E. Rosen
Chief Judge, United States District Court
Dated: January 27, 2014
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was served upon the parties and/or
counsel of record on January 27, 2014, by electronic and/or ordinary mail.
Case Manager, (313) 234-5135
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