Ewing v. Woods
OPINION and ORDER Granting 1 The Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus. Signed by District Judge Denise Page Hood. (LSau)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
Civil No. 2:15-CV-10523
HONORABLE DENISE PAGE HOOD
CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
OPINION AND ORDER GRANTING THE
PETITION FOR A WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS
Darrell Rashard Ewing, (“Petitioner”), confined at the Chippewa
Correctional Facility in Kincheloe, Michigan, filed a petition for a writ of
habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254, through his attorneys Phillip
D. Comorski and Byron Pitts, challenging his convictions for first-degree
murder, M.C.L. § 750.316, three counts of assault with intent to commit
murder, M.C.L. § 750.83, and possession of a firearm during the
commission of a felony (felony-firearm), M.C.L. § 750.227b. For the
reasons that follow, the petition for a writ of habeas corpus is GRANTED.
The Court amends the caption to reflect that the proper respondent
in this case is now Connie Horton, petitioner’s current warden. See
Edwards Johns, 450 F. Supp. 2d 755, 757 (E.D. Mich. 2006); see also Rule
2(a), 28 foll. U.S.C. § 2254.
Petitioner was convicted following a jury trial in the Wayne County
Circuit Court, in which he was jointly tried with his co-defendant Derrico
Devon Searcy. This Court recites verbatim the relevant facts relied upon
by the Michigan Court of Appeals, which are presumed correct on habeas
review pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254(e)(1). See e.g. Wagner v. Smith, 581
F.3d 410, 413 (6th Cir. 2009):
These consolidated appeals arise from a shooting at the
intersection of Harper and Van Dyke, in the city of Detroit on
December 29, 2009. At the time of the shooting, J.B. Watson and
his girlfriend, LaRita Thomas, were in Thomas’s van along with
Phillip Reed and Willie Williams. The van was stopped at the
intersection of Harper and Van Dyke in Detroit for a traffic signal.
Raymond Love testified that while driving on Harper, a turquoise
vehicle turned onto Harper and the two vehicles drove side by
side for a short while. Love identified the driver of the turquoise
vehicle as Searcy. In that turquoise vehicle, there were also two
other black males, one of which was later identified as Ewing.
When Love reached the red traffic light at the Van Dyke
intersection, the turquoise car pulled to the curb, staying back
about six or seven car lengths. Ewing then exited the vehicle with
a handgun drawn, approached Thomas’s van, and fired many
shots into the rear of the van. After shooting, Ewing retreated to
the turquoise car, which by that time had moved into the middle
of Harper, and the car left in the opposite direction on Harper.
Watson died of injuries he received from the gunshot wounds.
Reed was injured in the attack, with a bullet striking him in his left
hand. Watson, Reed, and Williams are cousins and members of
a gang identified as the Knock Out Boys (KOB). Searcy and
Ewing were alleged to be members of a rival gang called the
People v. Searcy, No. 301751, 2013 WL 4609125, at *1 (Mich. Ct. App. Aug.
Petitioner’s conviction was affirmed on appeal. Id., lv. den. 495 Mich.
935, 843 N.W.2d 200 (2014).
Petitioner seeks a writ of habeas corpus on the following grounds:
Petitioner’s due process rights were violated when the trial
court failed to give the deadlocked jury instruction, thereby
depriving petitioner of his federal constitutional rights of due
process of law and a fair and impartial verdict, as
guaranteed under the Fifth, Sixth and Fourteenth
Amendments of the U.S. Constitution.
Petitioner was denied a fair trial and impartial jury
under the federal constitution where, during jury
deliberations, the jurors brought in extraneous
information from Facebook and the internet about
petitioner Ewing, Mr. Watson, gangs, and gang
pecking orders, and the jurors used this information to
convict petitioner Ewing.
Where Tyree Washington signed an affidavit after trial
in which he confessed to the instant offenses, this
newly discovered evidence requires that this petition
be granted or, at least, that an evidentiary hearing be
II. Standard of Review
28 U.S.C. § 2254(d), as amended by The Antiterrorism and Effective
Death Penalty Act of 1996 (AEDPA), imposes the following standard of
review for habeas cases:
An application for a writ of habeas corpus on behalf of a person
in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court shall not
be granted with respect to any claim that was adjudicated on
the merits in State court proceedings unless the adjudication of
(1) resulted in a decision that was contrary to,
or involved an unreasonable application of,
clearly established Federal law, as determined by
the Supreme Court of the United States; or
(2) resulted in a decision that was based on an
unreasonable determination of the facts in light of
the evidence presented in the State court
A decision of a state court is “contrary to” clearly established federal
law if the state court arrives at a conclusion opposite to that reached by
the Supreme Court on a question of law or if the state court decides a
case differently than the Supreme Court has on a set of materially
indistinguishable facts. Williams v. Taylor, 529 U.S. 362, 405-06 (2000).
An “unreasonable application” occurs when “a state court decision
unreasonably applies the law of [the Supreme Court] to the facts of a
prisoner’s case.” Id. at 409. A federal habeas court may not “issue the writ
simply because that court concludes in its independent judgment that the
relevant state-court decision applied clearly established federal law
erroneously or incorrectly.” Id. at 410-11.
The Court will first discuss petitioner’s second claim, because this is
the claim upon which the Court grants relief. Petitioner alleges that his
due process rights were violated by introduction of extraneous internet
evidence brought into jury deliberations by two jurors, which compromised
The trial court initially addressed the use of internet information prior
to trial, when the assistant prosecutor requested to amend her witness list
to add Police Officer Terri Graves to testify as an expert or lay opinion
witness as to gangs and gang activity.
On October 1, 2010, the trial court held an evidentiary hearing to
hear testimony from Police Officer Terri Graves in connection with gang
related activity, prior to allowing the prosecutor to add Graves as a
witness. (Tr. 10/1/2010, pp. 4-15). The assistant prosecutor intended to
call Officer Graves to testify at trial as an expert witness to give her
opinion as to gangs, gang signs, and internet information in connection
with gang activity. The officer provided testimony pertaining to gang signs
and then discussed a three page document entitled “The Mini Guide To
Gang Signs” which was marked as People’s Exhibit 1. Officer Graves
informed the court that she obtained “The Mini Guide To Gang Signs” from
the internet. (Id., p. 18). Graves then continued to discuss gang hand
signs, which she said came from an internet site entitled “Crush Spot”; a
social network site similar to Facebook or My Space. (Id., pp. 19-23). The
assistant prosecutor asked Graves if she looked at other social websites
to gather gang information. Graves testified that she looked at other social
websites and spent hours gathering gang information on these websites.
(Id., pp. 24, 52).
Defense counsel asked Graves where she obtained “The Mini Guide
To Gang Signs.” Graves testified she obtained the material from the
internet but could not recall the website. (Id., p. 59). Graves also testified
that she utilizes Facebook in her investigations. (Id., pp. 81-82). The
assistant prosecutor concluded the hearing by asking the court to qualify
Graves as an expert witness or, at a minimum, qualify her to give lay
opinion testimony based on her years of experience and work in the field.
(Id., p. 105).
On October 8, 2010, the trial court judge issued an opinion and
articulated detailed findings on the record denying the prosecutor’s
request to add Officer Terri Graves as an expert witness or a lay witness.
The trial court judge denied the proposed trial testimony due to “an
overwhelming amount of Officer Graves’ ‘facts and data,’ [that] are based
on unreliable principles and methods. Officer Graves’ data is based on
information that people have told her.” The Court proceeded to find her
testimony “hearsay within hearsay, within hearsay...not scientific and it is
closer to gossip than scientific or reliable data.” (Tr. 10/8/2010, pp. 9-10).
Petitioner’s trial began on October 25, 2010, continued the following
day on the 26th, and then was adjourned on the 27th due to a death in trial
counsel’s family. The trial resumed, followed by two days of jury
deliberations. On November 15, 2010, the jury sent the following note:
“We have a question. We have a serious difference of opinion on the
verdict that we do not believe we can overcome. Can we declare a hung
jury?” (Tr. 11/15/10, p. 3). The trial court judge informed the jury that
differences of opinion are bound to occur and sent the jury back for further
deliberations. (Id.). Trial counsel then advised the court “Well, your Honor,
there is, of course, the deadlock jury instruction.” The court responded by
informing counsel that “[I]t’s not time for that yet.” Counsel replied to the
denial by asking the trial court judge to take the request under advisement.
(Id., p. 4). The next day, the jury found petitioner guilty as charged. (Tr.
11/16/10, pp. 7-8).
On January 10, 2011, Juror # 4, Kathleen Frances Byrnes, filed an
affidavit informing the court that during deliberations Juror # 13 (Michelle
Chesny) brought in Facebook information regarding petitioner’s past
history and information pertaining to an online eulogy for J.B. Watson. Ms.
Byrnes also informed the court that Juror # 5 (Karen James) had googled
gang information and brought up information pertaining to gang codes and
gang activity that she found on the internet. This Court notes that the
jurors brought into jury deliberations the same type of information that the
trial court excluded prior to petitioner’s trial.
Petitioner filed a motion for a new trial, premised on the affidavit of
Ms. Byrnes, claiming that the extraneous information entered the jury
deliberations, tainting the jury. (Tr. 4/8/2011, p. 3). The assistant
prosecutor argued against the motion for a new trial, but conceded the
need of an evidentiary hearing. (Id., p. 9). The trial court judge denied the
motion for a new trial and denied an evidentiary hearing, finding that the
jury was not exposed to any extraneous evidence that was not already
presented during petitioner’s trial. (Id., p. 13). The trial court judge denied
petitioner’s motion, as follows:
The defendant has not provided sufficient evidence that the jury
was exposed to any extraneous information at all that was not
already presented to it as evidence in the trial itself by all the
various witnesses, and that they couldn’t see by just by looking
in the back of the room and entering and exiting for lunch and
breaks and everything.
This Court initially finds that the trial court committed error by
denying petitioner an evidentiary hearing pertaining to jury bias. Denial of
a hearing pertaining to extraneous information that taints the jury
constitutes constitutional error as follows:
[I]t is a matter of clearly established Supreme Court precedent
that a criminal defendant claiming implied juror bias is entitled to
the opportunity to prove actual bias. See Dennis v. United States,
339 U.S. 162, 171-72, 70 S.Ct. 519, 94 L.Ed. 734 (1950)
(“Preservation of the opportunity to prove actual bias is a
guarantee of a defendant’s right to an impartial jury.”). When a
trial court is presented with evidence that an extrinsic influence
has reached the jury which has a reasonable potential for tainting
that jury, due process requires that the trial court take steps to
determine what the effect of such extraneous information actually
was on that jury. In Smith v. Phillips, 455 U.S. 209, 102 S.Ct.
940, 71 L.Ed.2d 78 (1982), the Supreme Court made it clear that,
while no court has the ability to shield jurors from every outside
contact or influence that might affect their votes, nonetheless, the
trial court has a duty to take steps to ensure that the jury votes
solely on the basis of the evidence presented at trial. “Due
process means a jury capable and willing to decide the case
solely on the evidence before it, and a trial judge ever watchful to
prevent prejudicial occurrences and to determine the effect of
such occurrences when they happen.” Id. at 217, 102 S.Ct. 940.
The Court went on to hold that a post-trial hearing is sufficient to
decide juror partiality in both the state and federal courts, and
that in a federal habeas proceeding, the factual finding made by
the state trial court in such a hearing is entitled to the
presumption of correctness. Id. at 218, 102 S.Ct. 940.
Nevers v. Killinger, 169 F.3d 352, 373 (6th Cir. 1999); abrogated on other
grds by Harris v. Stovall, 212 F.3d 940 (6th Cir. 2000).
As in Nevers, petitioner indicates that he was denied his right to due
process when the trial court similarly accepted the affidavit, denied the
request for an evidentiary hearing, made no attempts to determine the
effect of that information on the jury’s verdict, and then unilaterally found
the error to be harmless. As in Nevers, the Michigan courts failed to
accord petitioner “his due process rights to have a factual determination
made regarding the effect of the extraneous information on the jury’s
deliberations, proceeding instead [to determine] that the jury’s possession
of the extraneous material was harmless beyond a reasonable doubt when
weighted against the evidence of  guilt.” Nevers, 169 F.3d at 374.
The Sixth Circuit in Nevers found that refusal to permit any
opportunity to establish jury bias resulted in a decision contrary to
established law. Nevers, 169 F.3d at 373-74. By asking for and being
denied an evidentiary hearing on his claim of jury bias, petitioner “was
effectively prevented from demonstrating with specificity that the
extraneous information the jury possessed did in fact impair the ability of
the jury to decide the case solely on the evidence properly presented to
them through the mechanism of the trial.” Id.
Because petitioner preserved his juror misconduct claim for appeal
by filing a motion for a new trial,2 the Michigan Court of Appeal’s applied
an abuse of discretion standard in reviewing petitioner’s juror misconduct
claim, as follows:
In order to establish that the extrinsic influence was error
requiring reversal, the defendant must initially prove two points.
First, the defendant must prove that the jury was exposed to
extraneous influences. Second, the defendant must establish that
these extraneous influences created a real and substantial
possibility that they could have affected the jury’s verdict.
Generally, in proving this second point, the defendant will
demonstrate that the extraneous influence is substantially related
to a material aspect of the case and that there is a direct
connection between the extrinsic material and the adverse
People v. Searcy, 2013 WL 4609125, at *8 (citing to People v. Budzyn, 456
Mich. 77, 88–89; 566 N.W.2d (1997)(internal citations omitted)).
The affidavit of Kathleen Francis Byrnes states that “contrary to her
Petitioner also filed for an evidentiary hearing and new trial based on
the affidavit of Tyree Washington which stated that Washington “commited
[sic] the murder of J.B. Watson” and that defendants Searcy and Ewing
were “wrongfully charged.” People v. Searcy, 2013 WL 4609125, at *10.
This Court takes note that Washington (MDOC # 659391) has a early
release date of 4/14/2019 and maximum discharge date of 3/14/2037.
indication to the trial court, her vote to convict ‘was not [her] honest
verdict.’” Byrnes alleged, in relevant part, that she was pressured into
agreeing with the verdicts and that other jurors engaged in internet
research regarding Watson, Ewing, Searcy, and gangs.” People v. Searcy,
2013 WL 4609125, at *5.
Petitioner has shown that the jury was exposed to extraneous
information. Petitioner must next demonstrate that the extraneous
information created a real and substantial possibility that the jury could
have been influenced to the point of effecting the jury’s verdict.
The Michigan Court of Appeals found that the external internet
research conducted by the two jurors and presented during jury
deliberations constituted extraneous facts or information. People v.
Searcy, 2013 WL 4609125, *9 (citing Budzyn, 456 Mich. at 89). The
Michigan Court of Appeals concluded, however, that the admission of the
internet evidence was harmless:
The Facebook information obtained by juror Michelle Chesney
included a photograph of Ewing with a female and a eulogy for
Watson. The photograph is merely duplicative, as numerous
photographs of Ewing and Searcy were admitted into evidence
that were also obtained from social networking websites. The
photograph is relatively innocuous as it depicts Ewing with a
female but is not suggestive of any improper or illegal conduct.
As such, the photograph constitutes harmless error. Similarly, the
eulogy simply provides repetitive information verifying Watson’s
death. Ewing cannot demonstrate that the eulogy “is substantially
related to a material aspect of the case and that there is a direct
connection between the extrinsic material and the adverse
verdict.” Further, Byrnes only notes that Chesney “brought to the
juror’s [sic] attention that she had read an [sic] eulogy online for
J.B. Watson.” In making this statement, Byrnes only implies that
Chesney read the online eulogy and that, other than its
existence, the eulogy was not discussed in any significant detail.
As stated by our Supreme Court in reviewing affidavits of this
type, the focus is not on “their subjective content,” but rather on
“the extent to which the jurors saw or discussed the extrinsic
evidence.” There is no suggestion in the affidavit that the eulogy
comprised a topic of significant discourse amongst the jurors.
Byrnes also avers that a juror, Karen James, procured
information on “gang codes and that gang activity involved killing
people.” During deliberations, James allegedly indicated “that
gangs have a pecking order” based on the Internet information
she obtained and went on to opine regarding the status of Ewing
and Washington in terms of their gang membership. At the
outset, there was considerable testimony from witnesses
indicating Ewing’s and Washington’s membership or affiliation
with various gangs. It was also fairly obvious, based on the
testimony and evidence elicited at trial, that the prosecutor’s
theory was that this murder was gang related. Hence, James’s
revelation that “gang activity involved killing people” is neither
novel nor outside the purview of a reasonable inference based on
the admissible evidence. James’s assertion that she had
obtained information on “gang codes” over the Internet does not
indicate that the codes were shared or discussed in any detail
with other members of the jury and cannot serve to demonstrate
a necessity for reversal. James also allegedly learned through
her Internet research “that gangs have a pecking order.” This
information is duplicative of an inference to be drawn from
Christopher Richardson’s testimony, in which he opined that
Washington’s assertions that he was the perpetrator amounted
to “bragging” and an attempt to prove himself. Richardson also
characterized Washington as a “flunky,” intimating a hierarchical
relationship in gang membership. Hence, any error would be
harmless because the information regarding gang structure was
duplicative and Ewing failed to demonstrate that the information
“is substantially related to a material aspect of the case and that
there is a direct connection between the extrinsic material and
the adverse verdict.”
People v. Searcy, 2013 WL 4609125, at *9 (internal citations omitted).
In reviewing the determinations made by the Michigan Court of
Appeals, this Court has serious doubts that the jurors did not discuss the
internet research that was brought into jury deliberations by the two jurors.
The Michigan Court of Appeals states:
Byrnes only notes that Chesney “brought to the juror’s [sic]
attention that she had read an [sic] eulogy online for J.B.
Watson.” In making this statement, Byrnes only implies that
Chesney read the online eulogy and that, other than its
existence, the eulogy was not discussed in any significant detail.
People v. Searcy, 2013 WL 4609125, at *9.
Ms. Byrnes’ affidavit is void of information pertaining to the extent of
the discussions regarding the eulogy. Considering the fact that the jury
sent a note the day before stating that it was deadlocked with a serious
difference of opinion, this Court could infer that each piece of extraneous
evidence brought in by Juror # 13 and Juror # 5 was discussed prior to
reaching a guilty verdict the following day. The extent of the discussion is
unknown due to the trial court’s denial of an evidentiary hearing pertaining
to the extraneous information and its effect on the verdict.
The Michigan Court of Appeals findings regarding extraneous
information pertaining to “gang codes” as follows is also unsupported by
James’s assertion that she had obtained information on “gang
codes” over the Internet does not indicate that the codes were
shared or discussed in any detail with other members of the jury
and cannot serve to demonstrate a necessity for reversal.
People v. Searcy, 2013 WL 4609125, at *9.
Considering the serious difference of opinion of the jurors, brought to
the court’s attention the day before, such a finding by the Michigan Court
of Appeals is unreasonable. It would appear more likely than not, that the
additional information, pertaining to gang codes, may have been
discussed in order to break the jury deadlock.
The Michigan Court of Appeals further believed that the discussion
of the “gang pecking order” was merely duplicative of testimony pertaining
to Washington’s involvement in the murder as an attempt to “prove
himself” by taking the blame:
James also allegedly learned through her Internet research “that
gangs have a pecking order.” This information is duplicative of an
inference to be drawn from Christopher Richardson’s testimony,
in which he opined that Washington’s assertions that he was the
perpetrator amounted to “bragging” and an attempt to prove
himself. Richardson also characterized Washington as a “flunky,”
intimating a hierarchical relationship in gang membership.
People v. Searcy, 2013 WL 4609125, at *9.
The Michigan Court of Appeals fails to cite the remaining portion of
the affidavit pertaining to this issue. Section 7 of Byrnes’s affidavit reads
Ms. James also said during deliberations that gangs have a
pecking order according to information she googled at home.
She went on to say that Darrell Ewing was at the top of the
pecking order. That would put Tyree Washington at the bottom
and the gang decided to sacrifice Tyree Washington by setting
him up as the fall guy for the murder. According to Ms. James,
the above information was based on what she had read on line
regarding the history of gangs on the google web site.
See Affidavit of Kathleen Frances Byrnes (ECF # 5-27, Pg IDS 2996-98).
A review of Ms. Byrnes’ affidavit indicates that a significant amount
of internet research and information entered the jury deliberations, which
was discussed, potentially ending the jury deadlock and resulting in a
guilty verdict. The detailed pecking order information pertaining to
petitioner being at the top of the hierarchy and Washington at the bottom
was deduced by one juror after her research on gangs. It was then
brought into the jury deliberations and discussed with the other jurors.
The details of the information itself and the source of this information are
unknown. Without an evidentiary hearing, the specifics of this information,
and the extent of other extraneous information, is unknown.
After reviewing the record, Petitioner has shown that the internet
information may have tainted the jury. After two days of deliberations the
jury asked the trial court to “declare a hung jury” because the jury had “a
serious difference of opinion on the verdict that we do not believe we
can overcome.” (Emphasis added). The judge told the jurors to go back
and try to reach a verdict. Following further discussion, the jury reached a
guilty verdict the next day.
This Court cannot conclude that the jurors’ use of extraneous
information was harmless error. Lengthy deliberations by a jury preceding
the jury misconduct and a relatively quick verdict following the misconduct
strongly suggests prejudice. See Sassounian v. Roe, 230 F.3d 1097, 1110
(9th Cir. 2000), as amended on denial of reh’g (Dec. 6, 2000); see also
United States v. Perkins, 748 F.2d 1519, 1534 (11th Cir. 1984)(Convicted
defendant was entitled to new trial on grounds of juror misconduct, where
one juror had injected extrinsic evidence into deadlocked jury’s
deliberations involving his knowledge of defendant and disputing
defendant’s testimony). A jury’s difficulty in reaching a verdict, evidenced
by the length of deliberations and the jury’s indication to the trial judge that
it was deadlocked provides a “powerful indication” that the trial error was
not harmless. See e.g. Eddleman v. McKee, 471 F.3d 576, 587 (6th Cir.
2006); overruled on other grds by Fry v. Pliler, 551 U.S. 112 (2007); see
also Ayers v. Hudson, 623 F.3d 301, 317, n.12 (6th Cir. 2010)
(“Additionally, we note that in light of the initial deadlock by the jury, it
would have been problematic for the State to assert that the constitutional
error was harmless beyond a reasonable doubt.”).
A jury deadlock indicates that the evidence of guilt was not so
overwhelming. See United States v. Harber, 53 F.3d 236, 243 (9th Cir.
1995)(Defendant was entitled to new trial for introduction of case agent’s
report into jury deliberations; defendant demonstrated that case agent’s
report, which contained summary of his investigation of defendant and his
opinion that defendant was guilty, was presented to jury, government
conceded that jurors read report, report was inherently prejudicial, jury
was deadlocked at one point which demonstrated that evidence of guilt
was not so overwhelming that jury would have returned guilty verdict
absent report, and report, which contained evidence not introduced at trial
which could have affected deliberations, could not be considered harmless
as duplicative). The jury deadlock in petitioner’s case was due to “a
serious difference of opinion on the verdict” that they believed they could
not overcome. (Tr. 11/15/2010, p. 3). Following consideration of the
extraneous internet information, the jury returned a guilty verdict the next
day. Consideration of this extraneous evidence cannot be considered
harmless or duplicative.
Based on U.S. Supreme Court precedence, when “a conscientious
judge is in grave doubt as to the harmlessness of the error, the petitioner
must win.” O’Neal v. McAninch, 513 U.S. 432, 436, 437 (1995). The focus
in such a situation is not merely whether there is enough evidence to
support the result, apart from the portion affected by the error; it is,
whether the error itself has substantial influence. If a judge is left in grave
doubt, the conviction cannot stand. “Only if a federal habeas court can
say with certainty that a trial error had little or no impact on the judgment,
should the judgment stand.” See Barker v. Yukins, 199 F.3d 867, 874 (6th
The evidence brought into jury deliberations by Juror # 13 and Juror
# 5 was similar to the hearsay evidence that the prosecution sought to
admit through the testimony of Officer Terri Graves. The extent of this
information is unknown, due to the trial court judge’s denial of an
evidentiary hearing. The effect of the extraneous information on the jury
does not appear to be harmless, in light of the jury rendering a guilty
verdict the following day, after being deadlocked.
Because this Court finds that the trial court’s determination that the
extraneous information did not taint the jury deliberations was contrary to
clearly established federal law as determined by the Supreme Court, the
Court GRANTS relief on petitioner’s second claim pertaining to the denial
of a right to a fair trial and impartial jury. Determination that petitioner is
entitled to a writ of habeas corpus with respect to his second claim renders
“moot” petitioner’s first and third claims.
IT IS ORDERED that Petitioner Darrell Rashard Ewing’s petition for
a writ of habeas corpus [Dkt. # 1] is CONDITIONALLY GRANTED.
UNLESS THE STATE TAKES ACTION TO AFFORD PETITIONER A
NEW TRIAL WITHIN NINETY (90) DAYS OF EITHER THE DATE OF
THIS OPINION OR THE DATE WHEN ANY APPELLATE REVIEW
BECOMES FINAL, WHICHEVER DATE IS LATER, RESPONDENT IS
ORDERED TO RELEASE PETITIONER FROM CUSTODY FORTHWITH.
S/Denise Page Hood
Denise Page Hood
Chief Judge, United States District Court
Dated: November 20, 2017
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was served upon
counsel of record on November 20, 2017, by electronic and/or ordinary
S/LaShawn R. Saulsberry
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