Miller v. Hanwha L&C Monroe Plant
OPINION AND ORDER ADOPTING MAGISTRATES REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION AND GRANTING DEFENDANTS MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT regarding 74 Report and Recommendation, 44 Motion for Summary Judgment, filed by Cathy Garello-Deron, Hanwha L&C Monroe Plant Signed by District Judge Marianne O. Battani. (KDoa)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
DERRICK DESHAWN MILLER,
DARREN WALLACE CHAPPELL, and
STACEY SIMEON HALL,
CASE NO. 2:15-cv-12500
HON. MARIANNE O. BATTANI
HANWHA L&C MONROE PLANT, et al.,
OPINION AND ORDER ADOPTING MAGISTRATE’S REPORT AND
RECOMMENDATION AND GRANTING DEFENDANTS’
MOTION FOR SUMMARY JUDGMENT
On May 26, 2017, Magistrate Judge Grand entered an Report and
Recommendation (R&R) recommending that Defendants Hanwha L&C Monroe Plant
(“Hanwha”) and Cathy Garello-Deron’s Motion for Summary Judgment as to Plaintiff
Darren Chappell be granted. (Doc. No. 74). Plaintiff filed suit alleging claims of racial
employment discrimination pursuant to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42
U.S.C. § 2000 et seq.) and 42 U.S.C. § 1981. Defendants moved for summary
judgment, arguing Plaintiff cannot establish a prima facie case of race discrimination.
(Doc. No. 44). For the following reasons, the Court ADOPTS the Magistrate Judge’s
R&R (Doc. 41) and GRANTS Defendants’ Motion for Summary Judgment.
STATEMENT OF FACTS
The parties have not objected to the R&R’s summary of the facts and procedural
history. Therefore, the Court adopts that portion of the R&R. (See Doc. 74, pp. 2-9).
STANDARD OF REVIEW
Under 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1), a district judge “shall make a de novo determination
of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to
which objection is made.” See also United States v. Raddatz, 447 U.S. 667, 674
(1980); Fed. R. Civ. Pro 72(b)(3) (stating that a district judge must determine de novo
any part of the magistrate judge's disposition that has been properly objected to. The
district judge may accept, reject, or modify the recommended disposition; receive further
evidence; or return the matter to the magistrate judge with instructions); E.D. Mich. LR
72.1(d)(2). In conducting a de novo review, the Court should look to the relevant
pleadings and evidence put forth in motions; a failure to file objections, or a failure to file
specific objections, constitutes waiver. See Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 142 (1985);
United States v. Walters, 638 F.2d 947, 949-50 (6th Cir. 1981).
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 72(b)(2) states that a party “may serve and file
specific written objections to the proposed findings and recommendations.” (Emphasis
added). Objections to a magistrate’s report cannot be general, for general objections
“[have] the same [effect] as would a failure to object. The district court's attention
[would not be] focused on any specific issues for review, thereby making the initial
reference to the magistrate useless.” Howard v. Sec’y of Heath & Human Servs., 932
F.2d 505, 509 (6th Cir. 1991). The functions of the district court “[would be] effectively
duplicated as both the magistrate and the district court perform identical tasks.” Id. The
objections “must be clear enough to enable the district court to discern those issues that
are dispositive and contentious.” Miller v. Currie, 50 F.3d 373, 380 (6th Cir. 1995)
(citing Howard, 932 F.2d at 509).
After reviewing all of the relevant filings, the Magistrate Judge found that
Chappell failed to show a prima facie case of racial discrimination in the context of a
claim for failure to hire. Specifically, Chappell did not show he was qualified for the job
for which Hanwha was hiring. According to Deron, who worked in human resources,
she reviewed Chappell’s resume and found it did not reflect stability, longevity, or
relevant experience, so he was not selected for an interview. (Doc. No. 74 at 14).
Moreover, Chappell conceded during his deposition that his resume reflected that he
had not held a job for more than six months. (R&R at 15). He additionally conceded he
did not have relevant experience reflected on his resume and had failed to include some
relevant experience. Further, Chappell failed to establish that his qualifications were
similar to the qualifications of nonprotected members of the class. Finally, Chappell
failed to show that Hanwha continued to seek other applicants with his qualifications
after his request for employment was denied.
Even if Plaintiff could show a prima facie case, he failed to show that Defendants’
proffered reasons for not hiring him were merely pretextual. The Magistrate Judge
explained that Plaintiff “has presented no evidence to suggest that Hanwha and Deron
did not select him as a candidate for employment based on his race, rather than
because his resume indicated that he lacked numerous qualifications that [Defendants]
considered important – and that many other applicants possessed.” (Doc. No. 74 at p.
The Magistrate Judge informed the parties that objections to the Report and
Recommendation ("R&R") must be filed within fourteen days of service and that a
party’s failure to file objections would waive any further right of appeal. See, (Doc. No.
73 at 5). Because no objection has been filed in this case, Chappell has waived his
right to review and appeal. Moreover, the Courts finds the analysis thoroughly
recounted the facts and properly applied the governing law in reaching the
recommendation to grant Defendants’ request for summary judgment.
For the reasons set forth above, the Court ADOPTS Magistrate Grand’s R&R
and GRANTS Defendants’ Motion for Summary Judgment.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Date: July 31, 2017
s/Marianne O. Battani
MARIANNE O. BATTANI
United States District Judge
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE
The undersigned certifies that the foregoing Order was served upon counsel of record via the Court's ECF System to their
respective email addresses or First Class U.S. mail to the non-ECF participants on July 31, 2017.
s/ Kay Doaks
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