Wiggins v. Ocwen Loan Servicing, LLC
OPINION AND ORDER GRANTING Defendant's Motion to Dismiss 9 and DENYING Plaintiff's Motion for Sur Reply 13 . Signed by District Judge Laurie J. Michelson. (KJac)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
Case No. 15-14238
Honorable Laurie J. Michelson
OCWEN LOAN SERVICING, LLC,
OPINION AND ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANT’S MOTION TO DISMISS 
AND DENYING PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FOR SUR REPLY 
Plaintiff Tiffany Wiggins fell behind on her mortgage payments. She applied to the loan
servicer, Defendant Ocwen Loan Servicing, LLC, for a loan modification. Ocwen denied her
request. Wiggins tried to appeal, urging that Ocwen’s denial letter had inflated her income and
understated her monthly mortgage payment. When that failed, she sued Ocwen in Michigan state
court to stop the then-pending foreclosure action, asserting claims under the Real Estate
Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA) and state-law. After the case was removed here, Ocwen
filed a motion to dismiss. For the reasons that follow, the Court agrees with Ocwen that Wiggins’
Complaint fails to plausibly allege claims for which relief may be granted.
This case surrounds Plaintiff Tiffany Wiggins’ mortgage for her home on Maple Lawn
Drive in Shelby Township, Michigan. The factual allegations of her Complaint explain very little
about the underlying mortgage. But according to documentation attached to the Complaint, in
November 2006, Wiggins executed an adjustable rate note for $516,800.00 with a lender,
Sebring Capital Partners, Limited Partnership. (R. 1, PID 87.) Along with the note, she executed
a mortgage that conveyed a security interest in the property to Mortgage Electronic Registration
Systems, Inc. (MERS). (Id.) The mortgage was recorded with the Macomb County Register of
Deeds on June 11, 2007. (Id.) It is implicit in the Complaint that Defendant Ocwen Loan
Servicing, LLC is the mortgage servicer.
According to the Complaint, in “February 2015,” Wiggins requested “a modification
review” from Ocwen because she had lost income, was injured on the job, and her son was ill.
(R. 1, PID 10 ¶ 2.)
But the Complaint omits several key dates that are material to her claim that Ocwen
violated federal mortgage servicing regulations by proceeding with foreclosure despite her
pending loan modification application. According to an “Affidavit of Publication” Ocwen has
attached to its motion, Ocwen first published notice of the foreclosure on February 19, 2015,
indicating that the sale was scheduled for March 20. (See R. 9-19, PID 385.) Ocwen has also
attached an “Affidavit of Posting,” which indicates that notice of the foreclosure was posted on
the door frame of Wiggins’ property on February 26, 2015.1 (See R. 9-19, PID 383.) Yet,
according to Wiggins’ application for loan modification, also attached to Ocwen’s motion, she
did not apply for loan modification until February 26, 2015—after Ocwen’s first notice of
foreclosure.2 (See R. 9-11, PID 298.)
Dates aside, Wiggins alleges that in an April 27, 2015 denial letter, Ocwen “returned an
explanation that did not make sense.” (R. 1, PID 10 ¶ 2.) Specifically, Ocwen allegedly inflated
The Court may consider the affidavit of publication and affidavit of posting—and the
sheriff’s deed to which they are attached—on a motion to dismiss because they are “public
records or are otherwise appropriate for the taking of judicial notice.” New Eng. Health Care
Employees Pension Fund v. Ernst & Young, LLP, 336 F.3d 495, 501 (6th Cir. 2003) (citation
The Court may consider Wiggins’ February 26, 2015 loan modification application as
“part of the pleadings” because it was “referred to in the complaint” and “central to” Wiggins’
claim. See Greenberg v. Life Ins. Co. of Va., 177 F.3d 507, 514 (6th Cir. 1999) (citation omitted).
Wiggins’ monthly income, understated her monthly mortgage payment, and provided
inconsistent values concerning the unpaid principal balance on the loan. (Id.)
Wiggins appealed to Ocwen, pointing out the erroneous information. (R. 1, PID 11 ¶ 3.)
Ocwen asked her to send a “new modification package,” which she provided on June 19, 2015.
(R. 1, PID 11 ¶ 4.)
Wiggins claims that during the process, “numerous” Ocwen agents “assur[ed]” her that
“her loan [would] be reviewed again for the modification.” (R. 1, PID 11 ¶ 5.) On August 12,
2015, Ocwen confirmed by letter that it had received Wiggins’ appeal. (R. 1, PID 11 ¶ 6.) But
the next day, Ocwen sent another letter denying her request for loan modification, again
allegedly inflating Wiggins’ income ($10,294.33 instead of $6,800) and understating her
monthly payment ($2,153.93 instead of $3,080.20). (R. 1, PID 11 ¶ 7.)
In response, Wiggins called Ocwen and spoke with an agent who informed her that
Ocwen was “looking into the matter” but that the sheriff’s sale scheduled for September 25, 2015
would proceed if no resolution was reached. (R. 1, PID 11 ¶ 8.) At the time of the Complaint,
Wiggins says she was “still receiving calls from Defendant Ocwen regarding the loss mitigation
process, yet [was] also being told the sale has already been scheduled and will not be
postponed.” (R. 1, PID 11 ¶ 9.)
Wiggins filed her Complaint against Ocwen in Macomb County Circuit Court on
September 23, 2015, and the case was removed to this Court on December 3, 2015. (R. 1.) The
Complaint includes four counts. Count I asserts a claim that Ocwen violated the Regulation X
under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA). Count II asserts a claim of “Illegal
Foreclosure in Violation of MCL 600.3204.” Count III asserts a claim of negligence, and Count
IV is labelled as a claim for “exemplary damages.”
Shortly after the Complaint was filed, the Court referred the parties to an early settlement
conference, but the case was not resolved. (R. 3.) According to the sheriff’s deed attached to
Ocwen’s motion, a sheriff’s sale was executed on May 27, 2016 for $692,302.25. (R. 19-19, PID
384.) Ocwen then filed a “Motion to Dismiss And/Or for Summary Judgment” on June 29, 2016.
(R. 9.) Though Ocwen did not file a reply to Wiggins’ response, Wiggins filed a motion for a sur
reply on December 17, 2016. (R. 13.) After careful consideration of the briefs and thorough
review of the record, the Court finds that oral argument will not aid in resolving the pending
motions. See E.D. Mich. LR 7.1(f)(2).
A threshold issue is what to make of Ocwen’s dual-labelled motion: Is it a motion to
dismiss or a summary-judgment motion?
Ocwen filed what it calls a “Motion to Dismiss And/Or for Summary Judgment.” (R. 9.)
The motion cites the controlling standards for motions under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure
12(b)(6) and for summary-judgment motions under Rule 56. The brief’s headings indicate that
each count of the Complaint fails to state a claim for which relief may be granted—consistent
with a Rule 12(b)(6) motion. But attached to the motion are certain documents that were not
included with the Complaint, with no explanation of which, if any, of the documents can be
appropriately considered in connection with a Rule 12(b)(6) motion.
Wiggins’ response does not make anything easier. She too cites the standards for both
motions and, unfortunately, relies on the now-repudiated Conley v. Gibson, 355 U.S. 41 (1957),
“no set of facts” standard for Rule 12(b)(6) motions. (See R. 10, PID 448.)
But more problematic for Wiggins is that she has attached to her response a host of
documents, including an affidavit and other materials, which tell an entirely different story from
the narrative in the Complaint. As discussed, the Complaint centers on her February 2015
application for loan modification, referring to it—misleadingly, as it turns out—as her “first
modification package.” (See R. 1, PID 10 ¶ 2.) In contrast, her response brief attempts to show
that Ocwen violated RESPA through its handling of her loan modification requests dating back
as early as February 2012.
The Court sees no reason to consider Wiggins’ prior loan modification attempts. She
obviously knew the underlying facts when she filed her Complaint, yet chose to omit them. And
she has not requested to amend her Complaint to tell this new narrative. Considering this
information now would be tantamount to allowing Wiggins to amend her Complaint through her
response brief, but “[i]t is a basic principle that the complaint may not be amended by the briefs
in opposition to a motion to dismiss[.]” See Agnew v. Nat’l Collegiate Athletic Ass’n, 683 F.3d
328, 348 (7th Cir. 2012) (first alteration in original).3 Thus, the Court will not consider the
documentation of Wiggins’ loan modification attempts predating the February 2015 application
at the center of the Complaint.
As the Court believes that this case can be resolved on the pleadings, it will treat
Ocwen’s motion as a Rule 12(b)(6) motion and consider only the documents appropriate for that
posture. The Court thus excludes from consideration all of the documents attached to the parties’
briefing not otherwise attached to the Complaint except for the sheriff’s deed and the
accompanying affidavit of posting and affidavit of publication, as discussed above. See Fed. R.
The same would be true had the Court treated Ocwen’s motion as one for summary
judgment. See Tucker v. Union of Needletrades, Indus. & Textile Employees, 407 F.3d 784, 788
(6th Cir. 2005).
Civ. P. 12(d) (“If, on a motion under Rule 12(b)(6) or 12(c), matters outside the pleadings are
presented to and not excluded by the court, the motion must be treated as one for summary
judgment under Rule 56.”).
When a defendant moves to dismiss pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6), the plausibility standard
articulated in Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544 (2007), and Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556
U.S. 662 (2009), governs. Under that standard, a court first culls legal conclusions from the
complaint, leaving only factual allegations to be accepted as true. Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 679. The
inquiry then becomes whether the remaining assertions of fact “allow the court to draw the
reasonable inference that the defendant is liable[.]” Id. at 678. Although this plausibility
threshold is more than a “sheer possibility” that a defendant is liable, it is not a “‘probability
requirement.’” Id. (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 556). Whether a plaintiff has presented enough
factual matter to “‘nudg[e]’” her claim “‘across the line from conceivable to plausible’” is “a
context-specific task” requiring this Court to “draw on its judicial experience and common
sense.” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 679, 683 (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 570).
The Court begins with Count I, which asserts a claim that Ocwen violated the loss
mitigation procedures servicers must follow under rules promulgated by the Bureau of Consumer
Financial Protection under RESPA. See Mortgage Servicing Rules Under the Real Estate
Settlement Procedures Act (Regulation X), 78 Fed. Reg. 10696 (January 10, 2014) (codified at
12 C.F.R. § 1024.41). Wiggins claims that Ocwen violated these procedures by “referring [her]
loan to foreclosure after loss mitigation had begun and the review was in process” and by
“continu[ing] to pursue the foreclosure sale” “after knowing of [the] error in [Wiggins’] income
any payment information[.]” (See R. 1, PID 15 ¶ 17.)
The two regulatory provisions Wiggins cites do limit a servicer’s ability to proceed with a
foreclosure in certain circumstances when a mortgager has applied for loan modification. But
Wiggins does not state a plausible claim for relief under either provision.
The first provision Wiggins says Ocwen violated is 12 C.F.R. § 1024.41(f)(2), which—
outside of certain exceptions—prohibits a servicer from making “the first notice or filing
required by applicable law for any judicial or non-judicial foreclosure process” if “a borrower
submits a complete loss mitigation application during the pre-foreclosure review period set forth
in paragraph (f)(1) . . . or before a servicer has made the first notice or filing required by
applicable law for any judicial or non-judicial foreclosure process.” (The “pre-foreclosure review
period” described in § 1024.41(f)(1) provides for a period in which “[a] servicer shall not make
the first notice or filing required by applicable law for any judicial or non-judicial foreclosure
process” unless an exception applies, such as when “[a] borrower’s mortgage loan obligation is
more than 120 days delinquent.” See 12 C.F.R. § 1024.41(f)(1)(i).)
Wiggins’ claim under § 1024.41(f)(2) fails two reasons. For one, her Complaint does not
plausibly state that she filed a “complete loss mitigation application.” The regulation defines a
“complete loss mitigation application” as “an application in connection with which a servicer has
received all the information that the servicer requires from a borrower in evaluating applications
for the loss mitigation options available to the borrower.” 12 C.F.R. § 1024.41(b)(1). Nothing in
the Complaint, even in conclusory fashion, suggests that is what Wiggins sent Ocwen in
Furthermore, even assuming that Wiggins’ application was complete, nothing in the
Complaint suggests that Ocwen violated § 1024.41(f)(2) by making its first notice at an improper
time—that is, after receiving the application. Notably, the Complaint does not provide the
relevant dates: it does not say when Ocwen made its first notice, and Wiggins alleges only
vaguely that her loan modification application was made in “February 2015.” (R. 1, PID ¶ 2.)
But certain documents Ocwen attached to its motion—which as discussed, the Court may
consider—show that Wiggins applied for loan modification only after Ocwen made its first
foreclosure notice. The relevant notice here was made pursuant to Michigan Compiled Laws
§ 600.3208, which covers notices of foreclosure by publication. According to an “Affidavit of
Publication,” Ocwen first provided notice of the foreclosure via publication in the Macomb
County Legal News on February 19, 2015, stating that the foreclosure sale would happen on
March 20, 2015. (R. 9-19, PID 385.) Yet Wiggins’ loss mitigation application, which took the
form of a “request for mortgage assistance,” carries a later date of February 26, 2015. (R. 9-11,
PID 302.) Thus, because her application for loan modification came only after Ocwen’s first
notice of foreclosure, Wiggins has not stated a plausible claim that Ocwen violated
The second provision at issue is Section 1024.41(g)(2), which—again, outside of certain
exceptions—prohibits a servicer from “mov[ing] for foreclosure judgment or order of sale, or
conduct[ing] a foreclosure sale” if “a borrower submits a complete loss mitigation application
after a servicer has made the first notice or filing required by applicable law for any judicial or
non-judicial foreclosure process but more than 37 days before a foreclosure sale.”
Wiggins’ claim under this provision again fails for two reasons. To reiterate, she has not
plausibly alleged that she made a “complete” loss mitigation application. And even if her
application had been complete, it came too late for this provision to apply—she applied on
February 26, 2015, less than 37 days before the scheduled March 20, 2015 foreclosure sale. As
explained in its adopting release to Regulation X, “the Bureau [was] cognizant that if
applications received at the last moment were allowed to unduly delay a foreclosure from
proceeding, there is a risk that the application process could be used tactically to stall
foreclosure. . . . [T]he Bureau does not believe it is appropriate to permit applications provided
shortly before a foreclosure sale to delay the foreclosure.” See 78 Fed. Reg. at 10820–21.
Accordingly, “None of the loss mitigation procedures apply to a loss mitigation application,
including a complete loss mitigation application, received 37 days or less before a foreclosure
sale.” 78 Fed. Reg. at 10821.
Wiggins’ response brief attempts to sidestep these timing problems by telling an entirely
different narrative from her Complaint. But as discussed earlier, the Court will not consider this
line of argument, as it is inconsistent with the Complaint, and Wiggins has not asked to amend
Finally, the Court notes that much of the relief Wiggins seeks under RESPA is not even
available to her. While her Complaint seeks damages under RESPA, her response brief goes
further, asserting that RESPA can provide equitable relief “to stop foreclosures when preforeclosure modification procedures are not followed.” (R. 10, PID 456.) Courts routinely have
rejected the notion that RESPA affords injunctive relief and Wiggins has pointed to no relevant
authority to the contrary. See, e.g., Caggins v. Bank of N.Y. Mellon, No. 1511124, 2015 WL
4041350, at *2 (E.D. Mich. July 1, 2015) (“There is no provision found in RESPA under which
Plaintiff can seek to have foreclosure proceedings nullified, or force Defendants to negotiate a
loan modification.”); Austerberry v. Wells Fargo Home Mortg., No. 15-CV-13297, 2015 WL
8031857, at *6 (E.D. Mich. Dec. 7, 2015) (“RESPA does not provide for injunctive relief.”).
In sum, Wiggins’ Count I has failed to state a plausible claim that Ocwen violated
Count II asserts that the foreclosure was illegal under Michigan Compiled Laws §
600.3204(1) and that Wiggins is therefore “entitled to have the foreclosure proceedings halted
and any eviction proceedings stayed, and damages caused by the harm and prejudice of the
illegal foreclosure.” (R. 1, PID 16 ¶ 26.)
Section 600.3204(1) provides that “a party may foreclose a mortgage by advertisement”
if all of the following circumstances exist:
(a) A default in a condition of the mortgage has occurred, by which the power to
sell became operative.
(b) An action or proceeding has not been instituted, at law, to recover the debt
secured by the mortgage or any part of the mortgage or, if an action or proceeding
has been instituted, either the action or proceeding has been discontinued or an
execution on a judgment rendered in the action or proceeding has been returned
unsatisfied, in whole or in part.
(c) The mortgage containing the power of sale has been properly recorded.
(d) The party foreclosing the mortgage is either the owner of the indebtedness or
of an interest in the indebtedness secured by the mortgage or the servicing agent
of the mortgage.
Wiggins does not dispute that these conditions were met. Instead, her theory is that Ocwen has
no “standing” to foreclose because of its “servicing violations” and “negligence.” (R. 1, PID 16
¶ 25.) Her response brief adds that she was “catalyzed into a foreclosure situation as the
Defendant did not adhere to the guidelines and federal statute for an appropriate modification
review.” (R. 10, PID 458–59.) But again, Wiggins has not stated a plausible claim that Ocwen
ran afoul of the federal regulations covering servicers’ obligations when a mortgagor requests
Even if she had, Count II would still fail. Wiggins relies on cases from the context of
mortgagors’ attempts to set aside a foreclosure after the statutory redemption period has passed.
In that context, Michigan law provides only a narrow path to relief to set aside a foreclosure sale:
a mortgagor must make “a clear showing of fraud, or irregularity.” See Conlin v. Mortg. Elec.
Registration Sys., Inc., 714 F.3d 355, 359 (6th Cir. 2013) (citation omitted). But the Sixth Circuit
has repeatedly held that “[a]n alleged irregularity in the loan modification process . . . does not
constitute an irregularity in the foreclosure proceeding.” Campbell v. Nationstar Mortg., 611 F.
App’x 288, 294–95 (6th Cir. 2015) (citing cases); see also Nance v. Bank of Am., N.A., 638 F.
App’x 476, 478 (6th Cir. 2016).
All that Wiggins responds with are lengthy block quotes from cases that have no
application here. For instance, Wiggins quotes at length Starr v. Fannie Mae, No. 14-14380,
2015 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 29629, at *5 (E.D. Mich. Mar. 11, 2015), where the court held that the
plaintiff adequately pled a claim that the foreclosure process had been irregular because
“Defendant foreclosed at a time when [Plaintiff] was not actually in default.” Thus, unlike here,
Starr involved a situation in which one of § 600.3204(1)’s four express conditions was not met—
the condition that “[a] default in a condition of the mortgage has occurred, by which the power to
sell became operative.” See Mich. Comp. Laws § 600.3204(1)(a). Wiggins also quotes at length
from Galliard v. USAA Fed. Sav. Bank, No. 12-cv-11459, 2012 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 163211 (E.D.
Mich. Nov. 15, 2012). There the court held that the plaintiff adequately pled an irregularity in the
foreclosure process for numerous reasons, including that the servicer forced the plaintiff into an
insurance policy with excessive premiums after the plaintiff failed to submit proof of coverage.
Id. at *26. The court based its holding on the “peculiar chain of alleged events,” none of which
was an allegation that the servicer botched its review of an application for loan modification.
Accordingly, Wiggins has failed to state a plausible claim for relief under Michigan
Compiled Laws § 600.3204.
Wiggins’ negligence claim, Count III, also must be dismissed. Under Michigan law,
negligence claims have four elements: “(1) a duty owed by the defendant to the plaintiff, (2) a
breach of that duty, (3) causation, and (4) damages.” Haliw v. Sterling Heights, 627 N.W.2d 581,
588 (Mich. 2001) (citation omitted), overruled on other grounds 691 N.W.2d 753 (2005).
Starting with the first element, the Complaint has not plausibly alleged that Ocwen owed
Wiggins a duty. The Complaint asserts that Ocwen “had a duty to properly evaluate the
information provided by the Defendant [sic] related to income and accurate monthly payments.”
(R. 1, PID 17 ¶ 28.) In her response brief, Wiggins clarifies that her position is that this duty
stems from the federal mortgage servicing regulations that she says Ocwen violated, contained in
12 C.F.R. § 1024.41. (R. 10, PID 461–62.) But Wiggins cites no authority establishing that those
regulatory provisions impose such a duty on mortgage servicers.
To the contrary, in a similar context, courts have rejected the notion that regulations
under the Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP) impose on servicers a duty of care
owed to borrowers. See Campbell v. Nationstar Mortg., 611 F. App’x 288, 299 (6th Cir. 2015)
(citing cases). As the Sixth Circuit has explained, “under Michigan law, the duties established by
the mortgage contract govern the relationship between the parties[;] . . . a homeowner who has
defaulted may not simply waive the contract and sue in negligence.” Rush v. Mac, 792 F.3d 600,
605–06 (6th Cir. 2015), reh’g denied (Aug. 12, 2015).
Courts have extended this logic to the specific regulation at issue here. For instance, in
Deming-Anderson v. PNC Mortg., 119 F. Supp. 3d 635, 641–42 (E.D. Mich. 2015), the Court
acknowledged that certain provisions in 12 C.F.R. § 1024.41 refer to servicers’ obligation to
exercise “reasonable diligence” in some situations. For instance, § 1024.41(b)(1) provides, “[a]
servicer shall exercise reasonable diligence in obtaining documents and information to complete
a loss mitigation application.” Additionally, § 1024.41(c)(2)(ii) states that “if a servicer has
exercised reasonable diligence in obtaining documents and information to complete a loss
mitigation application, but a loss mitigation application remains incomplete for a significant
period of time under the circumstances without further progress by a borrower to make the loss
mitigation application complete, a servicer may, in its discretion, evaluate an incomplete loss
mitigation application and offer a borrower a loss mitigation option.” Nonetheless, the DemingAnderson court found that “[n]either of these statements appears to impose on the servicer a duty
to exercise “reasonable care in performing the evaluation of Plaintiff for a loan modification.” Id.
at 642. This Court agrees. And another Regulation X provision reinforces this conclusion. In
particular, 12 C.F.R. § 1024.41(a) provides, “[n]othing in § 1024.41 imposes a duty on a servicer
to provide any borrower with any specific loss mitigation option.” See also Szczodrowski v.
Specialized Loan Servicing, LLC, No. 15-10668, 2015 WL 1966887, at *6 (E.D. Mich. May 1,
2015) (noting that § 1024.41(a) provision “disclaims any duty for a loan servicer to provide a
Furthermore, even if Wiggins had sufficiently pled a duty under § 1024.41, as discussed,
she has not plausibly alleged that Ocwen breached the regulation.
Thus, the Court finds that Count III fails to state a plausible claim for relief.
Lastly, Count IV of the Complaint asserts a claim for “exemplary damages.” Yet
“exemplary damages are a form of damages, and do not constitute a separate cause of action.”
Chungag v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., 489 F. App’x 820, 826 (6th Cir. 2012) (per curiam) (citing
Kozma v. Chelsea Lumber Co., 2010 WL 2836327, *8 (Mich. Ct. App. July 20, 2010). The
authority Wiggins cites to urge otherwise has no relevance. She simply recites case-law
examining when exemplary damages are appropriate. See, e.g., Unibar Maint. Servs., Inc. v.
Saigh, 769 N.W.2d 911, 924 (Mich. Ct. App. 2009) (observing, among other things, that
“[e]xemplary damages are recoverable only for intangible injuries or injuries to feelings, which
are not quantifiable in monetary terms”). Thus, this count will be dismissed as well.
The Court now turns to Wiggins’ request to file a sur-reply. (R. 13.) She acknowledges
that the sheriff’s sale happened and claims that a “strange man appear [sic] at her door” in early
December 2016 who “was bidding on her home through an online auction site.” (R. 13, PID
The primary thrust of the sur-reply motion is Wiggins’ contention that it was improper
for Ocwen to sell her home while this case was pending. (R. 13, PID 541.) She cites no authority
to support her position though. And she has not filed any motion asking this Court for
preliminary relief to preserve the status quo during the litigation. Moreover, as the Court has
held, her RESPA claim does not entitle her to injunctive relief, and her claim to set aside the
foreclosure under Michigan Compiled Laws § 600.3204 fails to state a plausible claim for relief.
She also now claims—without any explanation or analysis—that Ocwen has violated
another regulation, 12 C.F.R. § 1024.35, which covers resolution procedures in certain
circumstances when a borrower notifies a servicer of an error. But a sur-reply is not a proper
vehicle for amending a Complaint to add another legal theory or cause of action. Wiggins never
sought to assert additional claims regarding this alleged irregularity in the foreclosure process,
and the Court will not address such a claim now.
Accordingly, the Court will deny Wiggins’ motion for a sur-reply.
For the reasons discussed, Defendant Ocwen Loan Servicing, LLC’s Motion to Dismiss
(R. 9) is GRANTED, Plaintiff Tiffany Wiggins’ Motion for a Sur Reply (R. 13) is DENIED, and
the case is DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE.
s/Laurie J. Michelson
LAURIE J. MICHELSON
U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated: February 6, 2017
CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE
The undersigned certifies that the foregoing document was served upon counsel of record
and any unrepresented parties via the Court=s ECF System to their respective email or First Class
U.S. mail addresses disclosed on the Notice of Electronic Filing on February 6, 2017.
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