Doe 1 v. Deja Vu Consulting, Inc et al
OPINION and ORDER Granting 27 Joint MOTION for Preliminary Injunction. Signed by District Judge Stephen J. Murphy, III. (DPar)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
JANE DOE 1, individually and on behalf of
all others similarly situated,
Case No. 2:16-cv-10877
HONORABLE STEPHEN J. MURPHY, III
DEJA VU SERVICES, INC., et al.,
OPINION AND ORDER GRANTING THE
JOINT MOTION FOR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION 
Plaintiff Jane Doe 1 filed a class and collective action complaint against Defendants
Deja Vu Services, Inc., DV Saginaw, LLC, and Harry Mohney, alleging violations of the Fair
Labor Standards Act, 29 U.S.C. § 201, and Michigan's Workforce Opportunity Wage Act,
Mich. Comp. Laws § 408.411. The parties reached—and the Court preliminarily
approved—a class settlement. See Op. and Order, ECF No. 31. If granted final approval,
the parties' $6.5 million settlement would resolve the claims of 45,000–50,000 current and
former workers from 64 Deja-Vu-affiliated night clubs. See Settlement Agreement, ECF No.
29-2. The parties now move the Court to enjoin all pending proceedings against
Defendants in twelve different federal and state courts. Mot., ECF No. 27.
The All Writs Act, 28 U.S.C. § 1651, authorizes district courts to "issue all writs
necessary or appropriate in aid of their respective jurisdictions and agreeable to the usages
and principles of law." Under the Act, the Court may "issue such commands . . . as may be
necessary or appropriate to effectuate and prevent the frustration of orders it has previously
issued in exercise of jurisdiction otherwise obtained." United States v. City of Detroit, 329
F.3d 515, 522 (6th Cir. 2003) (en banc) (quoting United States v. New York Tel. Co., 434
U.S. 159, 172 (1977)). The Anti-Injunction Act, however, limits the reach of the All Writs
Act. 28 U.S.C. § 2283. "[T]he Anti-Injunction Act creates an absolute prohibition against
enjoining state court proceedings, unless the injunction falls within one of three specifically
(1) "as expressly authorized by Act of Congress"; (2) "where
necessary in aid of its jurisdiction"; or (3) "to protect or effectuate its judgments." Martingale
LLC v. City of Louisville, 361 F.3d 297, 302 (6th Cir. 2004) (quoting Atlantic Coast Line R.R.
Co. v. Bhd. of Locomotive Eng'rs, 398 U.S. 281, 286 (1970) and 28 U.S.C. § 2283). The
exceptions are "construed narrowly" and "[a]ny doubts as to the propriety of a federal
injunction against state court proceedings should be resolved in favor of permitting the
state courts to proceed[.]" In re Diet Drugs, 282 F.3d 220, 233 (3d Cir. 2002). When a
"federal case involves a complex class settlement," the district court may invoke the All
Writs Act to aid its jurisdiction. Lorillard Tobacco Co. v. Chester, 589 F.3d 835, 848 (6th Cir.
2009) (affirming district court's order enjoining parties from proceeding in state-court
litigation because of a tobacco settlement's permanent injunction).
Prior to issuing an injunction, a court must consider four criteria: (1) whether the
movant has shown a strong or substantial likelihood or probability of success on the merits;
(2) whether the movant has shown irreparable injury; (3) whether the issuance of a
preliminary injunction would cause substantial harm to others; and (4) whether the public
interest would be served by issuing a preliminary injunction. Mason County Med. Ass'n v.
Knebel, 563 F.2d 256, 261 (6th Cir. 1977).
Here, the parties have presented the Court with a complex class-action settlement.
See Settlement Agreement, ECF No. 29-2. The terms of the class settlement will resolve
Rule 23 and FLSA claims of all class members against all Deja-Vu-affiliated businesses.
The Court has granted preliminary approval to the parties' proposed class settlement. See
Op. and Order, ECF No. 31. A preliminary injunction on parallel proceedings is therefore
warranted because conflicting orders from other courts would undermine the Court's
jurisdiction and create a risk of inconsistent judgments, duplicative litigation, and a lack of
finality for the class members and the defendants.
Additionally, the parties have shown a strong likelihood of success on the merits.
The Court has granted preliminary approval to the parties' settlement agreement and found
the settlement terms reasonable, fair, and adequate. Id. Since this matter involves an
injunction to protect the Court's jurisdiction, no showing of irreparable injury is required.
See, e.g., In re Martin-Trigona, 737 F.2d 1254, 1262 (2d Cir. 1984). The injunction will not
cause harm to others. The parties will provide notice of the proposed settlement to class
members who will have the opportunity to opt-in or opt-out of the proposed class with the
understanding that the Court may enter a permanent injunction if the settlement is
approved. And the injunction serves the public interest because it will bring finality to the
dispute, eliminate the risk of duplicative proceedings, decrease the cost of litigation,
eliminate the risk of conflicting results, and allow the parties to implement the negotiated
class-wide settlement. Therefore, the Court will exercise its authority under the All Writs Act
to enjoin all related proceedings against Defendants pending final approval of the classaction settlement.
WHEREFORE it is hereby ORDERED that the Joint Motion for Preliminary Injunction
 is GRANTED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that all related cases and claims against any Déjà
Vu-affiliated nightclub and Harry Mohney, including, but not limited to, the following actions:
Campbell, et al. v. Dean Martin Dr. - Las Vegas, LLC, et al., Case No.
A-14-709417-C (District Court Clark County, Nevada);
Roes 1-2 v. SFBSC Mgmt., LLC, et al., Case No. 3:14-cv-03616 (N.D. Cal.);
Rodriguez, et al. v. CMSG Restaurant Group, LLC, et al., Case No.
Campbell v. Las Vegas Bistro, LLC, Case No. 2:16-cv-01842 (D. Nev.);
Garcia v. Déjà vu Showgirls of Tampa, LLC, et al., Case No. 8:16-cv-01193
Hermes v. S.A.W. Entertainment, Ltd, et al., Case No. CGC-16-552576 (Sup.
Ct. San Francisco County);
Wells v. Showgirls of San Diego (California PAGA letter submitted);
Predmore v. Déjà vu Showgirls, et al. (California PAGA letter submitted);
Wilson v. 59th St LD Oklahoma City LLC, Case No 5:16-cv-01124 (W.D.
Campbell, et al. v. Déjà vu Entertainment Enterprises of Minnesota, Inc.
(District Court Hennepin County, Minnesota);
Doe v. Déjà vu Consulting, Inc., et al., Case No. 3:17-cv-00040 (M.D. Tenn.);
Doe v. Las Vegas Bistro, LLC, et al., Case No. 2:17-cv-00205 (D. Nev.);
and any other related cases whether known or unknown to this Court, that have
commenced or are commenced while this Order is in effect, shall be preliminarily STAYED
and temporarily ENJOINED pending final resolution of this matter.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this Order is effective upon entry.
s/Stephen J. Murphy, III
STEPHEN J. MURPHY, III
United States District Court Judge
Dated: February 9, 2017
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was served upon the parties and/or
counsel of record on February 9, 2017, by electronic and/or ordinary mail.
s/David P. Parker
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