Pearce v. Emmi
OPINION AND ORDER GRANTING IN PART AND DENYING IN PART DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO COMPEL AUTHORIZATION FOR EMPLOYMENT RECORDS 50 AND GRANTING DEFENDANT'S MOTION TO COMPEL AND ORDER SHOW CAUSE 62 (Show Cause Hearing set for 11/30/2017 at 09:30 AM before Magistrate Judge Mona K. Majzoub in Courtroom 642) - Signed by Magistrate Judge Mona K. Majzoub. (LHos)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
MEGAN PEARCE, individually
and as next friend of BABY B,
her infant child,
Case No. 16-cv-11499
District Judge George Caram Steeh
Magistrate Judge Mona K. Majzoub
OPINION AND ORDER GRANTING IN PART AND DENYING IN PART
DEFENDANT’S MOTION TO COMPEL AUTHORIZATION
FOR EMPLOYMENT RECORDS  AND GRANTING DEFENDANT’S
MOTION TO COMPEL AND ORDER SHOW CAUSE 
This matter is before the Court on Defendant’s Motion to Compel Executed
Authorization for the Release of Plaintiff’s Employment Records (docket no. 50) and
Defendant’s Motion to Compel and for Order to Show Cause for Failure to Comply with
Subpoena (docket no. 62). This matter has been referred to the undersigned for all pretrial
proceedings. (Docket no. 24.) The Court has reviewed the pleadings and dispenses with oral
argument pursuant to Eastern District of Michigan Local Rule 7.1(f)(2).
On April 26, 2016, Plaintiffs Megan Pearce and her infant child filed this action against
Hazel Park Police Officer Michael Emmi, in his individual capacity, asserting claims under 42
U.S.C. § 1983, the Federal Wiretapping Act, and provisions of Michigan state law. (Docket no.
1.) Plaintiffs allege that in March of 2016, Defendant used a cell phone belonging to Pearce’s
fiancé, Cody Fuhrman, to unlawfully spy on Pearce and her infant child by accessing a home-
monitoring security camera that had been installed in Plaintiffs’ home. (Id.) Plaintiffs contend
that Defendant’s alleged conduct caused them “[e]xtreme emotional trauma and suffering,” and
Plaintiffs seek both economic and non-economic damages as redress for the harms alleged.
Motion to Compel Authorization for Release of Employment Records
On or about November 22, 2016, Defendant served on Plaintiffs’ counsel a request that
Plaintiff Pearce execute an authorization for the release of “any and all information which may
be requested regarding [Pearce] and to allow [Defendant] or any person appointed by
[Defendant] to examine or photocopy any records of [Pearce] or records which [the City of
Warren] may have contained in [Pearce’s] file.” (Docket no. 50-3.) Plaintiff refused to execute
such an authorization. (Docket no. 55, p. 2.)
Defendant requests the Court to compel Plaintiff Pearce to execute an authorization for
release of her employment records from the City of Warren. Defendant asserts that the requested
material is relevant to (1) Pearce’s claimed economic damages, (2) whether Pearce’s alleged
mental anguish and emotional distress affected her employment, (3) whether Pearce took any
leaves of absence due to mental illness prior to the alleged incident, (4) any statements made by
Pearce regarding the incident. (Docket no. 50, pp. 5-6.)
Plaintiffs oppose the relief sought by Defendant and contend that the requested material
is not relevant because Pearce does not allege that she suffered any wage loss, or that she missed
any work due to emotional distress. (Docket no. 55, p. 3.)
Parties may obtain discovery regarding any nonprivileged matter that is relevant to any
party’s claim or defense and proportional to the needs of the case, considering the importance of
the issues at stake in the action, the amount in controversy, the parties’ relative access to relevant
information, the parties’ resources, the importance of the discovery in resolving the issues, and
whether the burden or expense of the proposed discovery outweighs its likely benefit. Fed. R.
Civ. P. 26. Information within this scope of discovery need not be admissible in evidence to be
discoverable. Id. “Although a [party] should not be denied access to information necessary to
establish her claim, neither may a [party] be permitted to ‘go fishing,’ and a trial court retains
discretion to determine that a discovery request is too broad and oppressive.” Superior Prod.
P'ship v. Gordon Auto Body Parts Co., 784 F.3d 311, 320-21 (6th Cir. 2015) (citing Surles ex
rel. Johnson v. Greyhound Lines, Inc., 474 F.3d 288, 305 (6th Cir. 2007)). A party seeking
discovery may move for an order compelling an answer, designation, production, or inspection.
Fed. R. Civ. P. 37.
Defendant advances plausible explanations for the relevance of the material sought from
Pearce’s employer. In light of Plaintiffs’ claim of economic damages, Defendant is entitled to
investigate Pearce’s earning and attendance records from her employer. In addition, Defendant
notes that Pearce told a psychiatrist that she was treated differently at work after the incident.
(Docket no. 50-2.) Defendant should be permitted to explore whether Plaintiff’s employment
records substantiate this assertion.
However, the language of the authorization presented by Defendant is overly broad. This
Court will not compel Plaintiff to execute an authorization for “any and all information which
may be requested” regarding Plaintiff because such discovery would be disproportionate to the
needs of this case. See Fed. R. Civ. P. 26. Accordingly, the Court directs Plaintiff to execute a
more narrowly tailored authorization for release of the following material from the City of
Warren: (1) attendance and payroll records dating from one year prior to the alleged incident,
and (2) records that reference the subject matter of the alleged incident and/or its impact on
Plaintiff’s ability to perform the duties of her position with the City of Warren.
Motion to Compel and Order Show Cause of Non-Party Cody Fuhrman
Defendant’s second motion seeks to compel non-party Cody Fuhrman to appear for a
deposition or in the alternative to appear for a show-cause hearing. (Docket no. 62.) On July 22,
2017, Defendant’s process server personally served upon Fuhrman a subpoena to appear for a
deposition on August 4, 2017. (Docket no. 62-1.) Defendant contends that Mr. Fuhrman failed
to appear on the time and date set by the subpoena. (Docket no. 62, ¶ 6.)
In addition, Defendant submits that Mr. Fuhrman, as the fiancé of Plaintiff Pearce and the
owner of the cell phone allegedly used to access the security camera, “likely possesses relevant
knowledge regarding the claims and defenses asserted.” (Docket no. 62, p. 2.) Accordingly, the
information sought appears to be relevant to this matter.
Rule 45 governs subpoenas and provides that a nonparty served with a subpoena may
make written objections to the subpoena before the time specified for compliance under the
subpoena. Fed. R. Civ. P. 45(d)(2)(B). The failure to serve written objections to a subpoena
within the time specified by Rule 45(c)(2)(B) typically constitutes a waiver of such objections.
Concord Boat Corp. v. Brunswick Corp., 169 F.R.D. 44, 48 (S.D.N.Y. 1996) (citing United
States v. International Bus. Mach. Corp., 70 F.R.D. 700, 701–02 (S.D.N.Y.1976)).
IT IS THEREFORE ORDERED that Defendant’s Motion to Compel Executed
Authorization for the Release of Plaintiff’s Employment Records (docket no. 50) is GRANTED
IN PART and DENIED IN PART, according to the limitations set forth above.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Defendant’s Motion to Compel and for Order to
Show Cause for Failure to Comply with Subpoena (docket no. 62) is GRANTED. Non-party
Cody Fuhrman must either appear at the Law Offices of Dean Elliot, 201 E. Fourth St., Royal
Oak, MI 48220, for a deposition in this matter on a mutually agreeable date not later than
twenty-one days from the date of this Order or appear on November 30, 2017, at 9:30 a.m., in
Room 642 of the Theodore Levin United States Courthouse, 231 W. Lafayette Blvd., Detroit,
Michigan to show cause why he should not be held in contempt of court for failing to appear in
response to Defendant’s subpoena.
NOTICE TO THE PARTIES
Pursuant to Fed. R. Civ. P. 72(a), the parties have a period of fourteen days from the date
of this Order within which to file any written appeal to the District Judge as may be permissible
under 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1).
Dated: October 30, 2017
s/ Mona K. Majzoub
MONA K. MAJZOUB
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
PROOF OF SERVICE
I hereby certify that a copy of this Order was served upon counsel of record on this date.
Dated: October 30, 2017
Case Manager Generalist
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