Julian v. The State of Michigan Incorporated et al
ORDER DENYING 16 Objection filed by Eddie Armail Julian. Signed by District Judge Robert H. Cleland. (LWag)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
EDDIE ARMAIL JULIAN-BEY,
Case No. 17-10071
THE STATE OF MICHIGAN INCORPORATED,
RICK SNYDER, and DUNCAN MACLAREN,
ORDER DENYING PETITIONER’S MOTION FOR RECONSIDERATION
This matter has come before the court on Petitioner Eddie Armail Julian-Bey’s
objections to the court’s order dismissing his habeas petition. The petition challenged
Petitioner’s 1976 state conviction for felony murder, Mich. Comp. Laws § 750.316(1)(b).
The court summarily dismissed the petition on the basis that Petitioner’s claims lacked
merit. (Dkt. #15.) Petitioner objects to the court’s order of dismissal on grounds that (1)
the court suspended the writ of habeas corpus, (2) the court’s order of dismissal is null
and void, (3) the court re-characterized his petition, and (4) the court failed (a) to order
Respondents to show cause why the writ should not be granted and (b) to grant
Petitioner a fact-finding hearing.
The court construes Petitioner’s objections as a motion for reconsideration.
To prevail on his motion, Petitioner “must not only demonstrate a palpable defect by
which the Court and the parties and other persons entitled to be heard on the motion
have been misled but also show that correcting the defect will result in a different
disposition of the case.” E.D. Mich. LR 7.1(h)(3); see also Indah v. U.S. Sec. & Exch.
Comm’n, 661 F.3d 914, 924 (6th Cir. 2011) (explaining that a motion for reconsideration
in the Eastern District of Michigan requires “the movant [to] show both that there is a
palpable defect in the opinion and that correcting the defect will result in a different
disposition of the case”). “A ‘palpable defect’ is a defect which is obvious, clear,
unmistakable, manifest, or plain.” Hawkins v. Genesys Health Systems, 704 F. Supp.
2d 688, 709 (E.D. Mich. 2010) (Borman, J.) (quoting Ososki v. St. Paul Surplus Lines
Ins. Co., 162 F. Supp. 2d 714, 718 (E.D. Mich. 2001) (Lawson, J.)).
Petitioner contends that the court suspended the writ when it dismissed his
petition. The Constitution provides that “[t]he Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus
shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety
may require it.” U.S. Const. art. I, § 9, cl. 2. In this case, however, the court did not
prevent Petitioner from seeking habeas relief. Rather, the court decided his petition on
the merits in a reasoned opinion. The court’s determination that Petitioner’s claims
were not supported by the law did not amount to a suspension of the writ.
Next, Petitioner alleges that the court’s order of dismissal is null and void
because the court failed to transfer the petition to the United States Court of Appeals for
the Sixth Circuit as a second or successive petition under 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A).
Under the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 (AEDPA), a habeas
petitioner who seeks to file a second or successive petition must apply to the
appropriate federal court of appeals for permission to file a second or successive
petition. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A). But Petitioner was convicted before
§ 2244(b)(3)(A) was enacted. Therefore, the proper inquiry was whether Petitioner had
abused the writ of habeas corpus by filing another habeas petition after his first petition
was denied on the merits. See McCleskey v. Zant, 499 U.S. 467, 470 (1991) (a preAEDPA case); Cress v. Palmer, 484 F.3d 844, 852 (6th Cir. 2007) (stating that “when . .
. the original petition was filed pre-AEDPA, we must analyze whether the second or
successive habeas petition would have survived under the pre-AEDPA ‘abuse of the
writ’ standard as set out in McCleskey v. Zant”).
The court briefly noted in its order of dismissal that Petitioner had probably
abused the writ because he could have raised his claims in his prior petition and
because he had not explained his failure to do so. But ultimately the court dismissed
the petition on the merits. The Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals took this approach in Dietz
v. U.S. Parole Comm’n, 260 F. App’x 763, 766 (6th Cir. 2008) (“Despite our ability to
dismiss Dietz’s petition on discretionary grounds [for abusing the writ], we choose to
decide this case on the merits.”). Therefore, the court’s order of dismissal is not null
and void. Furthermore, if Petitioner wanted the court of appeals to determine whether
this court had authority to address his claims, he could have asked the court of appeals
for permission to file a second or successive petition before he filed his habeas petition
in this court.
Petitioner’s third objection to the court’s order of dismissal is that the court recharacterized his claim by omitting from its analysis any reference to the felony murder
doctrine. The court did not use the phrase “felony murder doctrine” in its order of
dismissal, but the court did analyze Petitioner’s claim that there is no crime of felony
murder in Michigan. In doing so, the court did not re-characterize Petitioner’s habeas
Petitioner’s final objection to the order of dismissal is that the court (i) failed to
order Respondents to show cause why the writ should not be granted and (ii) refused to
give Petitioner a fact-finding hearing. As noted in the order of dismissal, however, a
district court may summarily dismiss a petition if it plainly appears from the petition and
any attached exhibits that the petitioner is not entitled to relief. Crump v. Lafler, 657
F.3d 393, 396 n.2 (6th Cir. 2011). It was plain to the court that Petitioner’s claims
lacked merit and that he was not entitled to relief. Therefore, the court did not err by
summarily dismissing the petition without seeking argument from Respondents and
without first granting Petitioner a fact-finding hearing.
Petitioner has failed to show that the court made a palpable defect when it
summarily dismissed his habeas petition.
Accordingly, IT IS ORDERED that Petitioner’s motion for reconsideration (Dkt.
#16) is DENIED.
Dated; October 27, 2017
S/Robert H. Cleland
ROBERT H. CLELAND
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
October 27, 2017
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was mailed to counsel of record
and/or pro se parties on this date, October 27, 2017, by electronic and/or ordinary mail.
Case Manager and Deputy Clerk
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