Clayton v. Campbell
MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER transferring successive petition to the USCA for the Sixth Circuit. Signed by District Judge Avern Cohn. (DPer)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
Case Number: 17-CV-12071
HONORABLE AVERN COHN
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
TRANSFERRING SUCCESSIVE PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS
TO THE COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE SIXTH CIRCUIT
This is a habeas case under 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Petitioner Derrick Clayton
(Petitioner) is a state inmate. He is challenging his 2006 voluntary manslaughter
conviction for which he is serving twelve to forty-five years’ imprisonment. As will be
explained, this is Petitioner’s fourth petition challenging his conviction. Therefore, it will
be transferred to the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit.
In 2008, Petitioner filed his first petition in this district challenging his 2006
conviction. The petition was denied with prejudice. See Clayton v. Lafler, No. 08-12986
(E.D. Mich. Sept. 17, 2009). The Sixth Circuit denied Petitioner’s application for
certificate of appealability. See Clayton v. Lafler, No. 09-2219 (6th Cir. March 28,
In 2012, Petitioner filed a second petition. The petition was transferred to the
Court of Appeals as a second or successive petition. See Clayton v. Woods, No. 1214927 (E.D. Mich. Nov. 19, 2012). The Sixth Circuit denied permission to file a second
or successive habeas corpus petition. See In re: Derrick Clayton, No. 12-2541 (6th Cir.
May 28, 2013).
In 2016, Petitioner filed yet another petition. The petition was transferred to the
Court of Appeals as a successive petition. See Clayton v. Klee, No. 16-13201 (E.D.
Mich. Sept. 21, 2016). The Court of Appeals declined to authorize the filing of a second
or successive petition. See In re: Derrick Clayton, No. 16-2322 (6th Cir. May 16, 2017).
On June 19, 2017, Petitioner filed this petition. He claims that he is actually
innocent, his trial counsel was ineffective, and the warrant authorizing his arrest was
The law “requires petitioners challenging state court judgments to seek
authorization in a federal appeals court before filing a ‘second or successive application’
in district court. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3)(A).” In re Stansell, 828 F.3d 412, 414 (6th Cir.
2016), see also Magwood v. Patterson, 561 U.S. 320, 330-31 (2010) (“If an application
is ‘second or successive,’ the petitioner must obtain leave from the Court of Appeals
before filing it with the district court”). A habeas petition is “second or successive” for
purposes of 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b) if the prior petition was decided on the merits. In re
William Garner, 612 F.3d 533, 535 (6th Cir. 2010), citing In re Cook, 215 F.3d 606, 60708 (6th Cir. 2000).
Here, Petitioner’s first habeas corpus petition was denied on the merits. Thus,
this petition is clearly a successive petition requiring prior authorization from the Sixth
Circuit Court of Appeals.
Where, as here, a successive petition is filed in the district court without prior
authorization, the district court must transfer the petition to the Court of Appeals under
28 U.S.C. § 1631. In re Sims, 111 F.3d 45, 47 (6th Cir. 1997).
Accordingly, the Clerk shall TRANSFER this case to the Sixth Circuit.
Petitioner’s “Motion to Suppress Warrant Application” (Doc. 2), “Motion for
Evidentiary Hearing” (Doc. 3); and “Motion to Appoint Counsel” (Doc. 4) are DENIED
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated: July 13, 2017
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?