Mitchell v. Campbell
OPINION AND ORDER DISMISSING CASE and DISMISSING Application to Proceed without prepayment of the filing fee. (see order for details) Signed by District Judge Robert H. Cleland. (LWag)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
PHILLIP D. MITCHELL,
Case No. 17-13583
OPINION AND ORDER DISMISSING MOTION FOR TEMPORARY RESTRAINING
ORDER AND/OR PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION AND DISMISSING THE
APPLICATION TO PROCEED WITHOUT PREPAYMENT OF THE FILING FEE
Michigan prisoner Phillip D. Mitchell (“Mitchell”) filed a motion for a temporary
restraining order and/or a preliminary injunction seeking to reinstate his access to the
prison law library. (Dkt. #1.) He has also filed an application to proceed without
prepayment of the filing fee. (Dkt. #2.) He names the prison warden as a defendant.
The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure provide that “[a] civil action is commenced
by filing a complaint with the court.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 3. Prior to the filing of a complaint,
“an action has not ‘commenced’ within the meaning of the Federal Rules” and the court
lacks subject matter jurisdiction to grant relief against any named defendants. See, e.g.,
Albright v. ISIS, No. 15-10671, 2015 WL 12699371, at *1 (E.D. Mich. Mar. 25, 2015)
Mitchell has not filed a complaint with the court. Rather, he has filed a motion for
injunctive relief under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 65. That rule, however, merely
provides for relief on an existing claim or cause of action. It does not provide an
independent cause of action or basis for jurisdiction in federal court. See Weinberger v.
Romero–Barcelo, 456 U.S. 305, 311 (1982); Chalmers v. JP Morgan Chase Bank NA,
No. 12-10903, 2012 WL 4839861, *7 (E.D. Mich. Oct. 11, 2012) (Hood, J.).
Consequently, the court lacks subject matter jurisdiction over this matter and it must be
Having found that Mitchell’s motion must be dismissed, the court will not reach
the question of whether Mitchell should be able to proceed without prepayment of the
filing fee. The court also concludes that an appeal from this order cannot be taken in
good faith. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3); Coppedge v. United States, 369 U.S. 438, 445
IT IS ORDERED that Mitchell’s motion for temporary restraining order and/or
preliminary injunction (Dkt. #1) is DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE. Mitchell’s
application to proceed without prepayment of the filing fee (Dkt. #2) is DISMISSED
WITHOUT PREJUDICE. This case is closed and will not be reopened.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
S/Robert H. Cleland
ROBERT H. CLELAND
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated: November 21, 2017
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was mailed to counsel of record
and/or pro se parties on this date, November 21, 2017, by electronic and/or ordinary
Case Manager and Deputy Clerk
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?