Hudgins v. Terris
ORDER Summarily Dismissing Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus Signed by District Judge Victoria A. Roberts. (CPin)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
Case No. 2:18-cv-10624
Hon. Victoria A. Roberts
OPINION AND ORDER SUMMARILY DISMISSING PETITION FOR A WRIT OF
Federal prisoner Marvin Hudgins, (“Petitioner”), currently confined at the Federal
Correctional Institution in Milan, Michigan, brings this action under 28 U.S.C. § 2241.
Petitioner was convicted in 2012 in the Eastern District of Michigan of being a felon in
possession of a firearm. 18 U.S.C. §§ 922(g)(1) and 924(e). He was sentenced to 180
months’ imprisonment. Petitioner asserts that he is actually innocent of being a career
offender in light of the Supreme Court’s decision in Mathis v. United States, 136 S. Ct. 2243
(2016), and that his sentence was therefore erroneously enhanced. For the reasons that
follow, the Court denies the petition.
The Sixth Circuit affirmed Petitioner’s conviction on direct appeal. United States v.
Hudgins, 557 F. App’x. 507, 2014 U.S. App. LEXIS 3876 (6th Cir. Feb. 28, 2014). Petitioner
subsequently filed a motion to vacate his sentence under 28 U.S.C. § 2255, asserting that
he was denied the effective assistance of counsel. The motion was denied on September
1, 2016. Petitioner sought to appeal, but the Sixth Circuit declined to issue him a certificate
of appealability. Hudgins v. United States, No. 17-1191 (6th Cir. Aug. 10, 2017).
II. Standard of Review
Promptly after the filing of a habeas petition, the Court undertakes preliminary review
of the petition to determine whether “it plainly appears from the face of the petition and any
exhibits annexed to it that the petitioner is not entitled to relief in the district court.” Rule 4,
Rules Governing § 2254 Cases; see also 28 U.S.C. § 2243; Perez v. Hemingway, 157 F.
Supp. 2d 790, 796 (E.D. Mich. 2001) (discussing authority of federal courts to summarily
dismiss section 2241 petitions). If, after preliminary consideration, the Court determines
that the petitioner is not entitled to relief, the Court must summarily dismiss the petition.
See Allen v. Perini, 424 F.2d 134, 141 (6th Cir. 1970). After undertaking such review, the
Court concludes that the petition must be dismissed.
Petitioner contends that his sentence was erroneously enhanced for being a career
offender. Specifically, he argues that he is actually innocent of the career offender
enhancement because his prior Michigan narcotic offenses do not count as predicate
crimes under Mathis.
Aside from a direct appeal, a federal prisoner generally may only challenge his
conviction or sentence by means of a motion filed under section 2255. See Hill v. Masters,
836 F.3d 591, 594 (6th Cir. 2016). A federal prisoner may bring a claim challenging his
conviction or the imposition of sentence under section 2241 only if it appears that the
remedy afforded under section 2255 is inadequate or ineffective to test the legality of his
detention. Charles v. Chandler, 180 F.3d 753, 756 (6th Cir.1999). Section 2241 is not an
“additional, alternative, or supplemental remedy” to a motion under section 2255. Id.
An assertion that one is “actually innocent” of being a career criminal standing alone
is not enough to invoke the Court’s jurisdiction under section 2241. See Jones v. Castillo,
489 F. App’x 864, 866 (6th Cir. 2012). According to Hill, a petitioner may challenge his
sentence under section 2241 only where: (1) the petitioner’s sentence was imposed
pre-United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220, 233 (2005), when the Sentencing Guidelines
were mandatory; (2) the petitioner was foreclosed from asserting the claim in a successive
petition under section 2255; and (3) after the petitioner’s sentence became final, the
Supreme Court issued a retroactively applicable decision establishing that — as a matter
of statutory interpretation — a prior conviction used to enhance his federal sentence no
longer qualified as a valid predicate offense. Hill, 836 F.3d at 599-600.
Petitioner’s case meets neither the first nor third of the requirements under Hill. First,
Petitioner was sentenced on March 12, 2013, under the advisory guidelines, not the
pre-Booker mandatory guidelines. See Case No. 12-20421, Dkt. 39. Nor can Petitioner
satisfy the third requirement. The Supreme Court held that Mathis did not announce a new
rule. Mathis, 136 S. Ct. at 2257. And the Sixth Circuit concluded that Mathis does not apply
retroactively. In re Conzelmann, 872 F.3d 375, 376 (6th Cir. 2017). Because Mathis does
not announce a new rule or apply retroactively, Petitioner cannot rely on Mathis to satisfy
the third requirement of Hill.
Accordingly, Petitioner cannot demonstrate entitlement to section 2241 relief by way
of section 2255's savings clause. The petition must therefore be denied.
The Court DISMISSES the Petition for a Writ of Habeas Corpus. Lastly, the Court
notes that a Certificate of Appealability is not needed to appeal the dismissal of a habeas
petition filed pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. Witham v. United States, 355 F.3d 501, 504
(6th Cir. 2004). Petitioner need not request one from this Court or the Sixth Circuit should
he seek to appeal this decision.
IT IS SO ORDERED.
Dated: March 8, 2018
S/Victoria A. Roberts
United States District Judge
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