Kelly v. Corizon of Michigan et al
ORDER TRANSFERRING CASE to the Western District of Michigan. Signed by Magistrate Judge David R. Grand. (TTho)
Case 2:23-cv-10070-LVP-PTM ECF No. 3, PageID.121 Filed 01/17/23 Page 1 of 2
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
CASE NO. 2:23-CV-10070
HON. LINDA V. PARKER
CORIZON OF MICHIGAN, et al.,
ORDER OF TRANSFER
This is a pro se civil rights case brought pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. In his complaint,
Michigan prisoner Opelton Kelly (“Plaintiff”), confined at the Lakeland Correctional Facility in
Coldwater, Michigan, raises claims concerning his health care at that facility. Plaintiff names
Corizon of Michigan, Wellpath Now of Michigan, Warden Bryan Morrison, and Nurse Practitioners
Heather Doolittle and Ecoe Hill as the defendants and sues them in their individual capacities. He
seeks monetary damages and injunctive relief.
Having reviewed the complaint, the Court concludes that venue is improper in this Court and
that the case should be transferred to the United States District Court for the Western District of
Michigan. Venue for a civil action brought in federal court is governed by 28 U.S.C. § 1391.
Section 1391(b) provides:
Venue in general. A civil action may be brought in –
(1) a judicial district in which any defendant resides, if all defendants
are residents of the State in which the district is located;
(2) a judicial district in which a substantial part of the events or
omissions giving rise to the claim occurred, or a substantial part of
property that is the subject of the action is situated; or
Case 2:23-cv-10070-LVP-PTM ECF No. 3, PageID.122 Filed 01/17/23 Page 2 of 2
(3) if there is no district in which an action may otherwise be brought
as provided in this section, any judicial district in which any
defendant is subject to the court’s personal jurisdiction with respect
to such action.
28 U.S.C. § 1391(b). Public officials “reside” in the county where they perform their official duties.
O'Neill v. Battisti, 472 F.2d 789, 791 (6th Cir. 1972).
When venue is improper, a district court may either dismiss the case or, in the interests of
justice, transfer the case to a district or division where it could have been brought. See 28 U.S.C.
§ 1406(a). Additionally, even when venue is proper, a district court may transfer a civil action to
any other district where it might have been brought for the convenience of the parties and witnesses
and in the interest of justice. See 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a). A court may sua sponte transfer a case for
improper venue. Carver v. Knox Co., Tenn., 887 F.2d 1287, 1291 (6th Cir. 1989); see also
Cosmichrome, Inc. v. Spectra Chrome, Inc. LLC, 504 F. App’x 468, 472 (6th Cir. 2012); Flynn v.
Greg Anthony Constr. Co., Inc., 95 F. App’x 726, 738 (6th Cir. 2003).
Defendants and Plaintiff reside in Coldwater, Branch County, Michigan for purposes of the
complaint and the events giving rise to the complaint occurred there. Branch County is located in
the Western District of Michigan. See 28 U.S.C. § 102(b)(2). Venue is therefore proper in the
United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan, not this Court. The Western
District is also a more convenient forum for this action.
Accordingly, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1406(a) and/or 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a), the Court orders
the Clerk of the Court to transfer this case to the United States District Court for the Western District
of Michigan. The Court makes no determination as to the merits of this case.
s/ David R. Grand
DAVID R. GRAND
UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE
Dated: January 17, 2023
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