Pio v. General Motors Company et al
OPINION and ORDER Denying Defendants' 24 Motion for Reassignment of Case. Signed by District Judge Linda V. Parker. (Loury, R)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
GEORGE PIO, Individually and on Behalf
of All Other Persons Similarly Situated,
Civil Case No. 2:14-cv-11191
Honorable Linda V. Parker
GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY,
MARY T. BARRA, DANIEL AMMANN,
ALAN S. BATEY, JAMES B. DELUCA,
and DANIEL F. AKERSON,
OPINION AND ORDER DENYING DEFENDANTS’ MOTION FOR
REASSIGNMENT OF CASE
Presently before the Court is Defendants’ “Motion for Reassignment of
Case” filed June 9, 2014. (ECF No. 24.) In the motion, Defendants ask this Court
to reassign the above-captioned matter to the Honorable Robert H. Cleland as a
companion matter to two consolidated cases now pending before him. In support
of the motion, Defendants rely on Eastern District of Michigan Local Rule 83.11.
On March 21, 2014, Plaintiff filed this class action lawsuit against
Defendants General Motors Company (“GM”) and the following individuals: Mary
T. Barra, Daniel Ammann, Alan S. Batey, James B. Deluca, and Daniel F.
Akerson. In the Complaint, Plaintiff alleges violations of the federal securities law
in that he contends Defendants misled investors in GM stock about the safety of,
and alleged defects in, GM vehicles, specifically issues related to ignition switches
that recently triggered numerous recalls of GM vehicles. The matter was assigned
to Judge Cleland. Subsequently, at least two other lawsuits related to the faulty
ignition switches were filed in this District.
On March 28, 2014, Richard Hockstein brought a shareholder derivative
action against various individuals, naming GM as the nominal defendant.
Hockstein v. Barra, Civil Case No. 14-cv-11277 (“Hockstein matter”). Of the
seventeen individuals named as defendants in the Hockstein matter, two are also
sued in the present matter: Mary T. Barra and Daniel F. Akerson. The plaintiff in
the Hockstein matter alleges that the defendants breached their fiduciary duties and
violated the law in relation to safety issues (specifically the alleged defective
ignition switches), resulting in damage to GM’s reputation, goodwill, and standing
in the community and its exposure to billions of dollars in potential liability. The
Hockstein matter was assigned to Judge Cleland, as well.
On April 23, 2014, The Police Retirement System of St. Louis also filed a
shareholder derivative lawsuit naming GM as the nominal defendant. The Police
Ret. Sys. of St. Louis v. Barra, No. 14-cv-11624 (“Police Retirement Systems
matter”). The same individuals are named as defendants in the Police Retirement
Systems matter as the Hockstein matter. The Police Retirement Systems matter
initially was assigned to the Honorable Nancy G. Edmunds, but was reassigned to
Judge Cleland pursuant to Eastern District of Michigan Local Rule 83.11 on May
6, 2014. Judge Cleland subsequently consolidated the two shareholder derivative
On May 28, 2014, Judge Cleland reassigned the above-captioned matter to
the undersigned pursuant to Administrative Order 14-AO-030. (ECF No. 18.)
Defendants now asks this Court to reassign the case to Judge Cleland, contending
that it is closely related to the consolidated matters before Judge Cleland and the
interests of efficiency and justice would be best served by the reassignment.
Plaintiff, joined by movants Menora Mivtachim Insurance Ltd. and Menora
Mivtachim Pensions and Gemel Ltd., filed a brief in opposition to Defendants’
motion on June 10, 2014. Movant New York State Teachers’ Retirement System
filed a brief in opposition to Defendants’ motion on June 12, 2014.
Local Rule 83.11(b), titled “Reassignment of Civil Cases[,]” provides in
(2) To promote docket efficiency, or to conform to the requirement of
any case management plan adopted by the Court, or upon consent of
the parties, or after notice and hearing, or in the interests of justice, the
Chief Judge may order a civil case to be reassigned, but only with the
consent of the Judge to whom the case was originally assigned and
with the consent of the Judge to whom it is to be reassigned.
(3) To promote judicial efficiency in cases not requiring reassignment
under these Rules, the Judges, after notice to the parties and
opportunity to respond, may jointly order consolidation of some or all
aspects of related cases.
E.D. Mich. Local Rule 83.11(b) (emphasis added). The rule does not provide for,
nor invite, motions by counsel. As the rule plainly states, reassignment decisions
lie within the collective discretion of the judges to whom the cases are assigned,
and the Chief Judge with respect to the first provision. This alone precludes this
Court from granting the pending motion.
In addition, the Court is not convinced that reassigning the present matter to
Judge Cleland will promote docket and/or judicial efficiency. Undoubtedly the
present matter and the consolidated shareholder derivative action before Judge
Cleland relate to the same alleged defective ignition switches in GM vehicles.
Nevertheless, so do numerous currently pending and likely to be filed lawsuits in
this District and across the country. The matters also overlap to the extent the
plaintiffs allege that statements about the safety of GM vehicles were misleading in
light of the alleged defect. There are distinctions, however, with respect to who is
alleged to have made the alleged misstatements and in what context they were
Further, it is not likely that the present federal securities class action lawsuit
will follow the same or similar procedural path as Judge Cleland’s shareholder
derivative action. Each type of matter is complex on its own and presents
procedural issues that do not necessarily overlap. Thus this Court does not
anticipate that the complexity of the litigation will be minimized if the matters are
consolidated. More likely, instead, the management of these varied types of cases
will become more complex if they are joined.
For these reasons, the Court concludes that neither docket nor judicial
efficiency will be served by reassigning the present case to Judge Cleland or
otherwise bringing all three matters before a single judge.
IT IS ORDERED, that Defendants’ Motion for Reassignment of Case is
S/ Linda V. Parker
LINDA V. PARKER
U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated: June 18, 2014
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was mailed to counsel of
record and/or pro se parties on this date, June 18, 2014, by electronic and/or U.S.
First Class mail.
S/ Richard Loury
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