Cordova v. Social Security, Commissioner of
OPINION and ORDER Dismissing Plaintiff's Complaint. Signed by District Judge Linda V. Parker. (RLou)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
Civil Case No. 14-14470
Honorable Linda V. Parker
COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY,
OPINION AND ORDER DISMISSING PLAINTIFF’S COMPLAINT
Plaintiff filed this action on November 21, 2014, challenging Defendant’s
final decision denying Plaintiff’s application for benefits under the Social Security
Act. On February 8, 2016, the Court received a communication from Plaintiff,
signed and dated February 4, 2016, stating “I don’t wish to pursue the case.” (ECF
No. 20.) The Court construes Plaintiff’s communication as a request to voluntarily
dismiss his lawsuit pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(a)(2).
Rule 41(a)(2) requires a plaintiff to seek an order of the court or stipulation
of the opposing party to voluntarily dismiss an action where, as is the case here, the
opposing party has filed an answer or motion for summary judgment. Fed. R. Civ.
P. 41(a)(2). The court may grant the request for voluntary dismissal “on terms that
the court considers proper.” Id. The decision whether to dismiss a complaint
under Rule 41(a)(2) lies within the sound discretion of the court. Grover by
Grover v. Eli Lilly & Co., 33 F.3d 716, 718 (6th Cir. 1994) (citing Banque de
Depots v. Nat’l Bank of Detroit, 491 F.2d 753, 757 (6th Cir. 1974)). In the context
of Rule 41(a)(2), an “abuse of discretion is found only where the defendant would
suffer ‘plain legal prejudice’ as a result of a dismissal without prejudice.”
Bridgeport Music, Inc. v. Universal-MCA Music Publ’g, Inc., 583 F.3d 948, 953
(6th Cir. 2009) (citation omitted). When deciding whether the defendant will
suffer “plain legal prejudice,” the Sixth Circuit has instructed courts to consider
such factors as “the defendant’s effort and expense of preparation for trial,
excessive delay and lack of diligence on the part of the plaintiff in prosecuting the
action, insufficient explanation for the need to take a dismissal, and whether a
motion for summary judgment has been filed by the defendant.” Grover, 33 F.3d
at 718 (citation omitted).
Under the circumstances of this case, the Court concludes that it should
grant Plaintiff’s request to dismiss this action. Defendant has not filed a summary
judgment motion and this is not the type of action requiring trial preparation.
There has been no delay or lack of diligence on the part of Plaintiff in prosecuting
the action. Plaintiff’s desire to no longer challenge Defendant’s administrative
decision is not an insufficient explanation for seeking a dismissal.
IT IS ORDERED, that Plaintiff’s request to voluntarily dismiss this lawsuit
is GRANTED and his Complaint is DISMISSED.
s/ Linda V. Parker
LINDA V. PARKER
U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated: February 10, 2016
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was mailed to counsel of
record and/or pro se parties on this date, February 10, 2016, by electronic and/or
U.S. First Class mail.
s/ Richard Loury
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