Rogers v. Ryan et al
OPINION and ORDER (1) Adopting Magistrate Judge's 49 Report and Recommendation; and (2) Rejecting Plaintiff's 53 Objections to Report and Recommendation and March 27, 2017 Order Denying Plaintiff's Motion for Leave to File Second Amended Complaint. Signed by District Judge Linda V. Parker. (RLou)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
D. RODNEY ROGERS,
MATTHEW RYAN, SGT. SABBI,
SERINA KELLEY, JEFFREY MORIN,
MICHAEL CONNELLY, JAMES CRAIG,
CITY OF DETROIT MAYOR DAVE BING,
and JOHN DOES 1-2,
Civil Case No. 16-12735
Honorable Linda V. Parker
OPINION AND ORDER (1) ADOPTING MAGISTRATE JUDGE’S
MARCH 27, 2017 REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION (ECF NO. 49)
AND (2) REJECTING PLAINTIFF’S OBJECTIONS TO REPORT AND
RECOMMENDATION AND MARCH 27, 2017 ORDER DENYING
PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FOR LEAVE TO FILE SECOND AMENDED
This is a civil rights action brought pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, which
arises from Plaintiff’s arrest on July 19, 2013. Defendants City of Detroit Mayor
and the chief of the city’s police department, James Craig, filed a motion to
dismiss on October 10, 2016. (ECF No. 22.) Plaintiff filed a motion to file a
second amended complaint on January 17, 2017. (ECF No. 39.) In his motion,
Plaintiff seeks to add the City of Detroit as a defendant. This matter has been
referred to Magistrate Judge David R. Grand for all pretrial matters pursuant to 28
U.S.C. § 636(b). (ECF No. 9.)
On March 27, 2017, Magistrate Judge Grand issued an order denying
Plaintiff’s motion to file a second amended complaint. (ECF No. 48.) Magistrate
Judge Grand concludes that Plaintiff’s proposed amendment would be futile, as he
fails to allege a city policy, custom, or practice that caused the alleged violations of
his constitutional rights by individual City of Detroit police officers. (Id.) On the
same date, Magistrate Judge Grand issued a Report and Recommendation
(“R&R”), recommending that this Court grant the mayor’s and police chief’s
pending motion to dismiss. (ECF No. 49.) Magistrate Judge Grand reasons that
Plaintiff fails to allege facts establishing the personal involvement of either
defendant in the alleged constitutional violations. (Id.) To the extent Plaintiff is
asserting state law claims against these individuals, Magistrate Judge Grand
reasons that they are immune under Michigan Compiled Laws § 691.1407(5).
At the conclusion of these decisions, Magistrate Judge Grand informs the
parties that they have fourteen days in which to file objections. Plaintiff filed
objections to the Order and R&R on April 13, 2017. (ECF No. 53.)
In his objections, Plaintiff asserts that the mayor and chief of police are
liable for failing to investigate the officers in response to his complaint of their
unlawful conduct. Plaintiff claims that this is a pattern and practice within the city.
More specifically, he writes that “the Detroit Police department has systematically
failed to identify the improper abuse, misuse, violative acts and brutality by police
officers and officials to discipline, closer or restraint.” (Id. at 6.) He claims that
this led to the alleged violations of his constitutional rights by the individual police
officers. Plaintiff, however, offers no facts to establish that the city or its police
department had a policy in 2013 (when Plaintiff was arrested) of failing to
investigate citizen complaints. Boilerplate statements claiming that the city has a
custom of making and tolerating false arrests and/or of using excessive force are
insufficient to state a claim of municipal liability under Monnell v. New York City
Dep’t of Soc. Servs., 436 U.S. 658, 691 (1978).1 See Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S.
662, 678 (2009) (a complaint does not “suffice if it tenders naked assertion[s]
devoid of further factual enhancement[.]”). Absent such a policy, the failure to
investigate Plaintiff’s complaint cannot establish the liability of the mayor, chief of
police, or city. See Thomas v. City of Chattanooga, 398 F.3d 426, 433 (6th Cir.
2005) (The plaintiffs “must show not only that the investigation was inadequate,
In his objections, Plaintiff asserts five “systematic flaws” in the city’s police
department. (See ECF No. 53 at 7.) These are taken verbatim from the complaint
in Triano v. Town of Harrison, N.Y., 895 F. Supp. 2d 526 (S.D.N.Y. 2012), a case
Plaintiff cites in his objections. Interestingly, however, the district court in Triano
found these allegations insufficient to survive the defendant’s motion to dismiss.
Id. at 536-37. The court held that the allegations were devoid of the required
factual content “that allows the court to draw the reasonable inference that the
defendants are liable on municipal liability claims.” Id. at 538 (quoting Iqbal, 556
U.S. at 678). Plaintiff does not offer facts supporting the allegations either.
but that the flaws in this particular investigation were representative of (1) a clear
and persistent pattern of illegal activity, (2) which the [police d]epartment knew or
should have known about, (3) yet remained deliberately indifferent about, and (4)
that the [d]epartment’s custom was the cause of the [unconstitutional activity].”).
For these reasons, the Court rejects Plaintiff’s objection to Magistrate Judge
Grand’s March 27, 2017 decisions.
IT IS ORDERED that the motion to dismiss filed by the City of Detroit
Mayor and Chief of Police James Craig (ECF No. 22) is GRANTED and these
defendants are DISMISSED as parties to this case.
s/ Linda V. Parker
LINDA V. PARKER
U.S. DISTRICT JUDGE
Dated: June 26, 2017
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was mailed to counsel of
record and/or pro se parties on this date, June 26, 2017, by electronic and/or U.S.
First Class mail.
s/ R. Loury
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