Green v. Grand Trunk Western Railroad Inc.
OPINION and ORDER Denying Plaintiff's 29 MOTION for Economic Reinstatement. Signed by District Judge John Corbett O'Meara. (TMcg)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
Case No. 16-11587
Honorable John Corbett O’Meara
GRAND TRUNK WESTERN
OPINION AND ORDER DENYING
PLAINTIFF’S MOTION FOR ECONOMIC REINSTATEMENT
This matter came before the court on plaintiff James Green’s March 31, 2017
Motion for Order of Economic Reinstatement. Defendant Grand Trunk Western
Railroad (“GTW”)filed a response April 14, 2017; and Plaintiff filed a reply brief May
18, 2017. Pursuant to Local Rule 7.1(f)(2), no oral argument was heard.
Plaintiff James Green was previously employed by defendant GTW as a
locomotive engineer. At approximately 11:00 p.m. on the night of April 16, 2012,
Green was called for duty. Shortly after Green’s arrival at the rail yard in Flint,
Michigan, GTW management called him into a conference room and asked him to
submit to a reasonable suspicion breath alcohol test, a federally-mandated procedure
to ensure the safety of rail travel. Following the request Green complained of chest
pains and dizziness and requested an ambulance. He refused to take the breath alcohol
test and sat in a chair, waiting approximately 15 minutes for the ambulance. Green
was transported to the hospital. He does not claim that there was any delay in GTW’s
request for the ambulance.
Following the events of that evening, GTW made request that Green provide
information from a medical provider to confirm that he was unable to take the
reasonable suspicion breath alcohol test due to a medical emergency. GTW advised
Green that without the information, his failure to complete the breath alcohol test
would be deemed a refusal to test for which he could be terminated.
Plaintiff Green failed to provide any information substantiating his claimed
medical emergency; therefore, GTW deemed his conduct a refusal to submit to the
breath alcohol test and terminated his employment effective May 16, 2012.
Following his discharge, Green filed a complaint with the Occupational Safety
and Health Administration (“OSHA”), claiming that his termination violated federal
drug and alcohol testing regulations. After an investigation of the complaint, the
Secretary of Labor issued Findings that GTW had not violated the anti-retaliation
provisions set forth in 49 U.S.C. § 20109 for two reasons: first, Green did not engage
in any activity protected by the Federal Railroad Safety Act (“FRSA”) because his
request for medical treatment was not a protected activity, as it did not relate to a
work-related injury or illness; and second, GTW established it would have discharged
Green irrespective of any protected activity.
Green appealed the Secretary of Labor’s findings to the Office of Administrative
Law Judges (“OALJ”). During OALJ proceedings, a discovery dispute arose
regarding whether Green was obligated to produce relevant medical records pertaining
to the treatment he received the night of April 16, 2012, as well as his medical history.
The OALJ granted GTW’s motion to compel, finding that Green had “clearly put his
medical condition at issue in this claim,” and that “the medical records from his
treatment at the hospital are relevant . . . as are any other medical records that would
indicate whether the Complainant had any pre-existing conditions that would have
resulted in his medical emergency.”
Green attempted to appeal the OALJ’s discovery order to the Administrative
Review Board (“ARB”); however, the appeal was denied due to Green’s failure to
follow the proper procedure to obtain interlocutory review. In addition, Green refused
to comply with the OALJ discovery order and filed a “kick-out notice” March 17,
2014, seeking de novo review of the discovery dispute in this federal court. The
district court dismissed Green’s petition for lack of subject matter jurisdiction,
concluding that it could not construe Green’s complaint as a request of his underlying
retaliation claim and could not review the OALJ’s discovery order. Green appealed
the district court decision to the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit,
and the appellate court affirmed the district court’s order of dismissal.
Green subsequently initiated this action against GTW on May 3, 2016, seeking
de novo review of his FRSA retaliation claim. GTW filed a motion to dismiss, which
was referred to Magistrate Judge Mona K. Majzoub, who issued a report and
recommendation to deny the motion. Judge Gerald E. Rosen entered an order
adopting the report and recommendation January 3, 2017. The case was reassigned
to this court February 1, 2017.
GTW served Green with Defendant’s First Interrogatories and Requests for
Production of Documents March 9, 2017, seeking the same medical documentation
it sought before the OALJ, as well as addition discovery relating to Green’s disability
claim and benefits. GTW has since filed a motion to compel that discovery, and that
motion has been referred to Magistrate Judge Majzoub.
LAW AND ANALYSIS
In his current motion plaintiff Green seeks to gain the economic reinstatement
he was not awarded from the Secretary of Labor. However, federal regulations state
that the Secretary’s decision regarding “whether to make a particular finding . . .[is]
discretionary not subject to review” upon de novo review. See Comments to 29
C.F.R. § 1982.109 and § 1982.109(c). Thus, it was solely within the discretion of the
Secretary of Labor to find no merit to Green’s OSHA complaint and to elect not to
order that Green be preliminarily reinstated to his former position with GTW. Instead,
to establish any entitlement to relief, Green must prove his case on the merits in this
The crux of Green’s complaint is that he was discharged in retaliation for having
requested medical treatment in violation of Section 20109(c)(2) of the FRSA.
However, as recognized by the Secretary of Labor, the section applies only to requests
for medical treatment associated with work-related illnesses or injuries and does not
apply to his allegation that he requested medical treatment for his non-work-related
atrial fibrillation. See Port Auth. Trans-Hudson Corp. v. Secretary, U.S. Dep’t of
Labor, 776 F.3d 157, 169 (3d Cir. 2015); Stokes v. Southeastern Pa. Transp. Auth.,
657 Fed. Appx. 79 (3d Cir. 2016); Murdock v. CSX Transp., Inc., 2017 WL 1165995,
*4 (N.D. Ohio Mar.29, 2017). Accordingly, the court will deny plaintiff Green’s
It is hereby ORDERED that plaintiff Green’s March 21, 2017 Motion for Order
of Economic Reinstatement is DENIED.
s/John Corbett O'Meara
John Corbett O’Meara
United States District Judge
Dated: June 29, 2017
Certificate of Service
I hereby certify that this document was electronically filed, and the parties and/or
counsel of record were served.
Case Manager Generalist
The court notes that it appears as though Plaintiff is attempting at this late date to assert an
additional claim under § 20109(a)(1) of the FRSA. However, such a claim is subject to an
administrative exhaustion requirement; and in this case it would be time-barred. See 49 U.S.C. §
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