Kidd, III v. Metropolitan Group Property and Casualty Insurance Company
ORDER denying 2 Motion to Remand. Signed by District Judge John Corbett O'Meara. (WBar)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
WINDA KIDD, III,
Case No. 17-12459
Honorable John Corbett O’Meara
METROPOLITAN GROUP PROPERTY
AND CASUALTY INSURANCE
PLAINTIFF’S AUGUST 2, 2017 MOTION TO REMAND
This matter came before the court on the August 2, 2017 motion to remand by
plaintiff Winda Kidd, III. Defendant Metropolitan Group Property and Casualty
Insurance Company (“Metropolitan”) filed a response August 15, 2017; and Plaintiff
filed a reply brief August 28, 2017. Oral argument was heard October 12, 2017.
Plaintiff Winda Kidd, III, was driving his mother’s vehicle when an accident
occurred June 11, 2016. He did not have his own no-fault policy in place at the time
of the accident. Kidd has filed this action seeking benefits based on his status as an
occupant of the vehicle which was owned by his mother and insured through her
policy with defendant Metropolitan. Plaintiff and his mother are both citizens of
Michigan. Defendant Metropolitan is incorporated in, and has its principal place of
business in, Rhode Island. The amount in controversy exceeds $75,000. Defendant
filed notice of removal July 28, 2017. Plaintiff filed a motion to remand August 2,
2017, claiming that the “direct action” provision of 28 U.S.C. § 1332(c)(1) precludes
removal based on diversity of citizenship.
LAW AND ANALYSIS
The relevant statute provides the following:
(1) a corporation shall be deemed to be a citizen of every State and
foreign state by which it has been incorporated and of the State or
foreign state where it has its principal place of business, except that in
any direct action against the insurer of a policy or contract of liability
insurance, whether incorporated or unincorporated, to which action the
insured is not joined as a party-defendant, such insurer shall be deemed
a citizen of–
(A) every state and foreign state of which the insured is a citizen.
28 U.S.C. § 1332(c)(1)(emphasis added).
“Direct actions” are actions against a tortfeasor’s insurance company to which
the tortfeasor is not joined. Ljuljdjuraj v. State Farm Mut. Auto. Ins. Co., 774 F.3d
908, 910 (6th Cir. 2014). Thus, they are based in liability of the insured to the plaintiff
in a tort case. The instant action, however, is one for first-party, no-fault benefits, not
a tort action based on liability. Therefore, this is not a direct action. Accordingly, the
direct action exception to § 1332(c)(1) is inapplicable; and it does not operate to
defeat diversity jurisdiction. See id.
It is hereby ORDERED that plaintiff Kidd’s August 2, 2017 motion for remand
s/John Corbett O'Meara
United States District Judge
Date: October 17, 2017
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was served upon counsel
of record on this date, October 17, 2017, using the ECF system.
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