Gardner v. Balcarcel
ORDER Granting Petitioner's Request to Stay Proceedings and Hold Petition in Abeyance; and Administratively Closing Case. Signed by District Judge John Corbett O'Meara. (WBar)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
CONRAD R. GARDNER,
Case Number: 5:17-CV-13144
HON. JOHN CORBETT O’MEARA
ORDER GRANTING PETITIONER’S REQUEST TO STAY
PROCEEDINGS AND HOLD PETITION IN ABEYANCE
AND ADMINISTRATIVELY CLOSING CASE
Michigan state prisoner Robert Kirby, through counsel, has filed a habeas corpus
petition under 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Petitioner challenges his conviction for first-degree
criminal sexual conduct. Petitioner also requests a stay of these proceedings to allow him
to exhaust state court remedies. The Court grants the request.
Petitioner was convicted in Oakland County Circuit Court of first-degree criminal
sexual conduct. On September 3, 2014, he was sentenced to 25 to 70 years imprisonment.
Petitioner filed an appeal of right in the Michigan Court of Appeals raising three
claims: hearsay testimony improperly admitted; motion for a directed verdict improperly
denied; and ineffective assistance of counsel. The Michigan Court of Appeals affirmed
Petitioner’s conviction. People v. Gardner, No. 323883, 2015 WL 9487673 (Mich. Ct.
App. Dec. 29, 2015). The Michigan Supreme Court denied leave to appeal. People v.
Gardner, 499 Mich. 971 (Mich. 2016).
Petitioner then filed this habeas corpus petition and a request for a stay.
State prisoners must exhaust available state remedies for each of the claims
presented in a habeas petition before seeking a federal writ of habeas corpus. 28 U.S.C. §
2254(b)(1). Petitioner seeks a stay to allow him to exhaust several ineffective assistance
of counsel claims in state court.
A federal court may stay a federal habeas petition and hold further proceedings in
abeyance pending resolution of state court post-conviction proceedings if outright
dismissal of a habeas petition would jeopardize the timeliness of a future petition, there is
good cause for the petitioner’s failure to exhaust those claims, the unexhausted claims are
not “plainly meritless,” and “there is no indication that the petitioner engaged in
intentionally dilatory litigation tactics.” Rhines v. Weber, 544 U.S. 269, 278 (2005).
The Court finds that a stay is warranted in this case. First, the outright dismissal of
the petition, even without prejudice, may preclude future consideration of Petitioner’s
claims in this court due to the expiration of the statute of limitations. See 28 U.S.C. §
2241(d)(1). The one-year limitations period begins 90 days after the conclusion of direct
appeal. Gonzalez v. Thaler, 565 U.S. 653-54 (2012) (stating that a conviction becomes
final when the time for filing a certiorari petition expires). The Michigan Supreme Court
denied leave to appeal on June 28, 2016, and the time for seeking a writ of certiorari with
the United States Supreme Court expired 90 days later – on September 27, 2016. The
one-year limitations period commenced the next day, September 28, 2016. See Fed. R.
Civ. P. 6(a); Bronaugh v. Ohio, 235 F.3d 280, 284 (6th Cir. 2000). Petitioner filed the
pending petition on September 25, 2017, with only three days remaining in the limitations
period. With so little time remaining in the limitations period, dismissal of this case while
Petitioner exhausts his additional claims could result in a subsequent petition being barred
by the one-year statute of limitations.
Second, Petitioner appears to assert that appellate counsel was ineffective in failing
to raise these claims on direct review. Third, Petitioner’s new claims allege the denial of
federally protected constitutional rights. Finally, the Court finds no indication that
Petitioner is engaging in intentionally dilatory litigation tactics.
When a district court determines that a stay is appropriate pending resolution of
state court remedies, the district court “should place reasonable time limits on a
petitioner’s trip to state court and back.” Rhines, 544 U.S. at 278. To ensure that
Petitioner does not delay in exhausting his state court remedies, the Court imposes time
limits within which he must proceed. See Palmer v. Carlton, 276 F.3d 777, 781 (6th Cir.
2002). Petitioner must also ask this Court to lift the stay within sixty days of completing
state court review. See id. “If the conditions of the stay are not met, the stay may later be
vacated nunc pro tunc as of the date the stay was entered, and the petition may be
dismissed.” Id. (internal quotation omitted).
Accordingly, the Court GRANTS Petitioner’s request for a stay. The habeas
petition is STAYED and further proceedings in this matter are held in ABEYANCE.
Petitioner shall file a motion to lift the stay and an amended petition in this Court within
sixty days after the conclusion of the state court proceedings.
The Court further ORDERS that, to avoid administrative difficulties, the Clerk of
Court shall close this case for statistical purposes only.
s/John Corbett O’Meara
United States District Judge
Date: October 26, 2017
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was served upon the parties
of record on this date, October 26, 2017, using the ECF system and/or ordinary mail.
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