Cage #244367 v. Michigan Department of Corrections et al
OPINION and order of partial summary dismissal and ORDER TRANSFERRING CASE to the Western District of Michigan. Signed by District Judge Arthur J Tarnow. (DHam) [Transferred from Michigan Eastern on 9/29/2008.]
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN SOUTHERN DIVISION HAROLD CAGE, Plaintiff, v. MICHIGAN DEPT. OF CORR., et al. Defendants. ____________________________________/ OPINION AND ORDER OF PARTIAL SUMMARY DISMISSAL AND TRANSFER TO THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN I. Introduction Harold Cage ("Plaintiff"), a state prisoner presently confined at the Muskegon Correctional Facility ("MCF") in Muskegon, Michigan, has filed a pro se civil rights complaint pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 alleging violations of his constitutional rights related to his criminal proceedings and his current conditions of confinement. He has been granted permission to proceed without prepayment of the filing fee for this action. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1).1 In the first part of his complaint, Plaintiff challenges his criminal proceedings and names his defense counsel, George Bush, as the defendant. In the second part of his complaint, Plaintiff challenges the conditions of his confinement alleging that he is being denied proper medical care CASE NO. 2:08-CV-14045 HONORABLE ARTHUR J. TARNOW
The Court notes that Plaintiff is a "three-striker" who would normally not be authorized to proceed without prepayment of the filing fee for this action. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). Plaintiff, however, makes medical care and accommodation claims which indicate that he may be under imminent danger of serious physical injury. Accordingly, this case falls within the exception the three strikes rule. Id. 1
Cage v. MDOC, et al. 2:08-CV-14045 Page 2 of 5 and accommodations in prison and names the Michigan Department of Corrections ("MDOC"), MDOC Director Patricia Caruso, MCF Warden Shirlee Harry, Correctional Medical Services, MCF Health Unit Manager Michael Whalen, and Parole Agent Mary A. Malix as defendants. Plaintiff seeks monetary damages and injunctive relief. Having reviewed Plaintiff's complaint, the Court now dismisses it, in part, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e) for failure to state a claim against defendant George Bush and transfers the case to the United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan for further proceedings. II. Discussion Plaintiff has been granted in forma pauperis status. Under the Prison Litigation Reform Act, Pub. L. No. 104-134, 110 Stat. 1321 (1996) ("PLRA"), the Court is required to sua sponte dismiss an in forma pauperis complaint before service on a defendant if it determines that the action is frivolous or malicious, fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted, or seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief. See 42 U.S.C. § 1997(e)(c); 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2)(B). A complaint is frivolous if it lacks an arguable basis either in law or in fact. Denton v. Hernandez, 504 U.S. 25, 31 (1992); Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989). The Court recognizes that a pro se complaint should be held to a "less stringent standard" than one drafted by an attorney. See Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520 (1972). Even a pro se complaint, however, must plead facts sufficient to show a legal wrong has been committed for which the plaintiff may be granted relief. To state a federal civil rights claim, a plaintiff must
Cage v. MDOC, et al. 2:08-CV-14045 Page 3 of 5 show that: (1) the defendant is a person who acted under color of state or federal law, and (2) the defendant's conduct deprived the plaintiff of a federal right, privilege, or immunity. See Flagg Bros. v. Brooks, 436 U.S. 149, 155-57 (1978); Mueller v. Gallina, 137 Fed. Appx. 847, 850 (6th Cir. 2005); Brock v. McWherter, 94 F.3d 242, 244 (6th Cir. 1996). Plaintiff's complaint against defense lawyer George Bush is subject to dismissal because a public defender or court-appointed counsel, while acting in that capacity, is not a state actor subject to suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983. See Polk Co. v. Dodson, 454 U.S. 312, 325 (1981) ("[A] public defender does not act under color of state law when performing a lawyer's traditional functions as counsel to a defendant in a criminal proceeding."). Plaintiff's complaint against defendant Bush must therefore be dismissed. III. Conclusion Based upon the foregoing analysis, the Court concludes that Plaintiff has failed to state a claim upon which relief may be granted under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 as to defendant Bush. Accordingly, the Court ORDERS that Plaintiff's complaint against defendant George Bush is DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE. Given the dismissal of defendant Bush, the Court further concludes that this case should be transferred to the United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan. The proper venue for civil actions in which jurisdiction is not based on diversity of citizenship is the judicial district where: (1) any defendant resides if all defendants reside in the same state; (2) a substantial part of the events or omissions giving rise to the claim occurred or a substantial part
Cage v. MDOC, et al. 2:08-CV-14045 Page 4 of 5 of the property in question is situated; or (3) any defendant may be found if there is no other district in which plaintiff may bring the action. See 28 U.S.C. § 1391(b). Public officials "reside" in the county where they serve. See O'Neill v. Battisti, 472 F.2d 789, 791 (6th Cir. 1972). Additionally, a district court may transfer a civil action to any other district where it might have been brought for the convenience of the parties and witnesses, in the interest of justice. See 28 U.S.C. § 1404(a). The United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan is the proper venue and more convenient forum for this action. The remaining defendants reside in either Muskegon County or Ingham County for purposes of this complaint and the events giving rise to the remaining claims in the complaint occurred in those counties. Both Muskegon County and Ingham County lie in the Southern Division of the Western District of Michigan. See 28 U.S.C. § 102(b)(1). Accordingly, the Court ORDERS the Clerk of the Court to transfer this case to the United States District Court for the Western District of Michigan. See 28 U.S.C. §§ 1391(b) and 1404(a).
Cage v. MDOC, et al. 2:08-CV-14045 Page 5 of 5 Lastly, the Court concludes that an appeal from this order would be frivolous and therefore cannot be taken in good faith. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(3); Coppedge v. United States, 369 U.S. 438, 445 (1962); McGore v. Wrigglesworth, 114 F.3d 601, 610-11 (6th Cir. 1997).2 IT IS SO ORDERED.
S/Arthur J. Tarnow Arthur J. Tarnow United States District Judge Dated: September 25, 2008
I hereby certify that a copy of the foregoing document was served upon counsel of record on September 25, 2008, by electronic and/or ordinary mail. S/Catherine A. Pickles Judicial Secretary
The Court makes no determination as to the merits of Petitioner's remaining claims. 5
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