King #225964 v. Berghuis
ORDER APPROVING AND ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION 20 ; denying certificate of appealability; signed by Judge Robert J. Jonker (Judge Robert J. Jonker, ymc)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
JACKIE RAY KING, JR.,
CASE NO. 1:09-CV-148
HON. ROBERT J. JONKER
ORDER APPROVING AND ADOPTING
REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
The Court has reviewed the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation (docket # 20)
and Petitoner King’s Objections to it (docket # 21). Under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure,
where, as here, a party has objected to portions of a Report and Recommendation, “[t]he district
judge . . . has a duty to reject the magistrate judge’s recommendation unless, on de novo
reconsideration, he or she finds it justified.” 12 WRIGHT, MILLER, & MARCUS, FEDERAL PRACTICE
AND PROCEDURE § 3070.2,
at 381 (2d ed. 1997). Specifically, the Rules provide that:
The district judge must determine de novo any part of the magistrate judge’s
disposition that has been properly objected to. The district judge may accept, reject,
or modify the recommended disposition; receive further evidence; or return the
matter to the magistrate judge with instructions.
FED. R. CIV. P. 72(b)(3); see also 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C). De novo review in these circumstances
requires at least a review of the evidence before the Magistrate Judge. Hill v. Duriron Co., 656 F.2d
1208, 1215 (6th Cir. 1981).
The Court has reviewed de novo the claims and evidence presented to the Magistrate Judge;
the Report and Recommendation itself; and Petitioner's objections. After its review, the Court finds
that Magistrate Judge Brenneman’s Report and Recommendation, which concluded that Mr. King
is not entitled to habeas corpus relief, is factually sound and legally correct.
Mr. King does not dispute the factual and procedural background the Magistrate Judge
describes in detail, and which the Court also finds accurate based on its own review of the record.
(R. and R., docket # 20, at 2-5.) Mr. King objects only to the Magistrate Judge’s legal conclusion.
(Obj., docket # 21.) The Magistrate Judge found that the state court was objectively reasonable in
concluding that the prosecutor did not breach the plea agreement under which Petitioner entered a
guilty plea on October 16, 2006, and in refusing to allow Plaintiff to withdraw his guilty plea. The
Magistrate Judge therefore concluded that Petitioner is not entitled to habeas relief under the
applicable law. (R. and R., docket # 20, at 8-9.) In his objection, Mr. King emphasizes that at the
time he entered his guilty plea, he believed that not only the sentences for the two separate crimes
the plea agreement addressed, but also the 90-day sentence connected to his parole violation, would
run concurrently. However, this does not change fundamental legal analysis, which the Magistrate
Judge accurately stated and applied. Under AEDPA, at this stage of the case, the issue is whether
the state court’s application of clearly established federal law in finding no breach and refusing to
allow Mr. King to withdraw his plea was “objectively unreasonable.” Williams v. Taylor, 529 U.S.
362, 410 (2000). For precisely the reasons articulated in the Report and Recommendation, which
the Court is adopting here, the state court’s conclusion was not objectively unreasonable.
Under the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act (AEDPA), a petitioner may not
appeal in a habeas corpus case unless a circuit justice or judge issues a certificate of appealability.
28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(1). The Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure extend to district judges the
authority to issue certificates of appealability. FED. R. APP. P. 22(b); see also, Castro v. United
States, 310 F.3d 900, 901-02 (6th Cir. 2002) (the district judge “must issue or deny a [certificate of
appealability] if an applicant files a notice of appeal pursuant to the explicit requirements of Federal
Rule of Appellate Procedure 22(b)(1)”). However, a certificate of appealability may be issued “only
if the applicant has made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right.” 28 U.S.C.
To obtain a certificate of appealability, Petitioner must demonstrate that “reasonable jurists
would find the district court’s assessment of the constitutional claims debatable or wrong.” MillerEl v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 338 (2003) (quoting Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000)).
While Petitioner is not required to establish that “some jurists would grant the petition for habeas
corpus,” he “must prove ‘something more than an absence of frivolity’ or the existence of mere
‘good faith.’” Id. (quoting Barefoot v. Estelle, 463 U.S. 880, 893 (1983)). In this case, Petitioner
has not made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right. Therefore, he is not
entitled to a certificate of appealability.
The Magistrate Judge properly concluded that Mr. King is not entitled to the habeas corpus
relief he seeks. Mr. King is not entitled to a certificate of appealability. Accordingly, IT IS
ORDERED that the Report and Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge (docket # 20) is
APPROVED AND ADOPTED as the opinion of the Court.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that:
Petitioner’s Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus (docket # 1) is DISMISSED; and
Petitioner is DENIED a certificate of appealability.
March 26, 2012
/s/ Robert J. Jonker
ROBERT J. JONKER
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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