LaFountain #171248 v. McKee
ORDER to stay proceedings and administratively closing the case; signed by Magistrate Judge Hugh W. Brenneman, Jr (Magistrate Judge Hugh W. Brenneman, Jr., fhw)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
WAYNE EARL LAFOUNTAIN,
Case No. 1:10-cv-783
Hon. Robert J. Jonker
ORDER TO STAY PROCEEDINGS
Petitioner, Wayne LaFountain, a prisoner currently incarcerated at a Michigan
correctional facility, has filed a petition for a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254.
The present habeas petition does not contest petitioner’s conviction or sentence.
Rather, the petition arises from a major misconduct ticket issued on June 1, 2006, which charged
petitioner with insolence and disobeying a direct order. See Major Misconduct Hearing Report
(docket no. 16). On June 20, 2006, Hearings Officer Spurgis found petitioner guilty on both counts
and sentenced to 7 days of toplock. Id. Petitioner asserts that on June 28, 2006, respondent and
others issued an order to withhold petitioner’s potential 5,490 days of special good time credit.
Petitioner’s Brief at ¶ 20 (docket no. 1-1). Petitioner also lost 15 days of good time credit, 5 days
of disciplinary credit, 2 days of special disciplinary credit, and 7 1/2 days of special good time
credit. Petition at ¶ 4 (docket no. 1). Petitioner attributes the loss of the various good time credits
as his “sentence” for the two major misconduct violations. Id.
Petitioner appealed the June 20, 2006 major misconduct violations in the Ingham
County Circuit Court, raising the following issues:
Petitioner’s Fourteenth Amendment due process rights were
reversibly violated where the MDOC hearings officer denied
petitioner an opportunity to be heard as mandated by state law,
M.C.L. § 791.252(a), (d), as well as Prison Rule, 791.3315(1)(a)-(c),
Petitioner’s major misconduct conviction must be reversed where
petitioner’s Fourteenth Amendment due process rights were violated
as a result of the hearing officer’s refusal to allow the presentation of
exculpatory evidence as provided by M.C.L. § 791.252(d) (g), and
MDOC Rule 791.3315(1)(b), (5)(b).
Petitioner’s Fourteenth Amendment due process rights were violated
requiring the prison, misconduct guilty finding be vacated due to the
denial of a fair and impartial hearing and appeal as provided for by
M.C.L. § 791.252(I)(K) and Rule 791.3315(7).
Petitioner’s major misconduct guilty finding must be vacated where
petitioner’s Fourteenth Amendment, due process rights were violated
as a result of an MDOC practice and custom of extricating evidence
of credibility and motivation, in the face of petitioner’s falsification
defense during the hearing.
Petitioner’s Trial Court Brief (docket no. 19). Petitioner also moved for peremptory reversal of the
MDOC’s decision. See Motion (docket no. 17).
On May 13, 2008, Judge Collette of the Ingham County Circuit Court found that
petitioner’s grounds for relief were without merit and denied his motion. The Court found in
pertinent part as follows:
STATEMENT OF FACTS
On June 1,2006, Officer Coleman, a Corrections Officer for the Michigan
Department of Corrections, issned Petitioner, Wayne LaFountain, a misconduct
ticket, accusing him of the following: (1) insolence (#026) and (2) disobeying a
direct order. (#020). The misconduct incident occurred in the Bellamy Creek
Correctional Facility’s library.
Petitioner was assigned to work as a clerk at the prison’s general library. His
library duties consisted of date stamping books that other prisoners checked out or
returned. Petitioner asked Officer Coleman if he (Petitioner) could use a typewriter.
When Officer Coleman asked “which one,” Petitioner said “the one on the desk.”
After Officer Coleman told Petitioner that there was only one typewriter on the desk
and asked Petitioner if he meant the rubber stamper, Petitioner began shouting
obscenities at Officer Coleman. Petitioner denies shouting these obscenities.
Petitioner and Respondent differed as to whether Petitioner left the library without
hesitation when he was told to or whether Petitioner refused to leave. In any case,
Petitioner informed the clerk, Charlie Kester, that he had been ordered to leave, and
Petitioner admitted that he informed Coleman that he was going to file a grievance
Petitioner requested (in writing) that a videotape recording of the library
incident be admitted into evidence. Petitioner requested the videotape on June 12,
2006; however, on this date, the videotape was no longer in existence. Petitioner
also requested the results of a polygraph test; however, the Hearing Officer refused
to acquire this evidence, believing it to be irrelevant. Similarly, Petitioner requested
records of falsehoods, work records, and misconducts by Officer Coleman; again, the
Hearing Officer concluded that these records were not relevant because they would
not prove or disprove the misconduct allegation. Certified Agency Record at pp
10-16. A guilty finding was then entered against Petitioner. Petitioner then timely
moved for judicial review.
It is well-established that a “prisoner in Michigan is entitled to a hearing
before being deprived of a right or significant privilege.” De Walt v Warden,
Marquette Prison, 315 NW2d 584 (1982). MCL 791.251(2) provides:
(2) Except as provided in subsection (4), the hearings division is
responsible for each prisoner hearing the department conducts that
may result in the loss by a prisoner of a right, including but not
limited to any 1 or more of the following matters:
(a) An infraction of a prison rule that may result in
punitive segregation, loss of disciplinary credits, or
the loss of good time.
(b) A security classification that may result in the
placement of a prisoner in administrative segregation.
(c) A special designation that permanently excludes,
by department policy or rule, a person under the
jurisdiction of the department from community
(d) Visitor restrictions.
(e) High or very high assaultive risk classifications.
Petitioner was issued a Major Misconduct violation for insolence and
disobeying a direct order. The violation resulted in loss of rights for the Petitioner,
namely seven days toplock. Therefore, Petitioner was entitled to a hearing.
MCL 79L252(k) provides:
A final decision or order of a hearings officer in a hearing shall be
made, within reasonable period, in writing or stated in the record and
shall include findings of fact, and shall state any sanction to be
imposed against a prisoner as a direct result of a hearing conducted
under this chapter. The final decision shall be made on the basis of
a preponderance of the evidence presented. (Emphasis added).
After hearing the testimony and reviewing the evidence presented, the
Hearing Officer refused to acquire any of the forms of evidence as requested by
Petitioner. Specifically, the Hearing Officer noted that the videotape evidence no
longer existed, and he affirmed the conclusion that the remaining evidence Petitioner
requested was irrelevant. Thus, the Hearing Officer found Petitioner guilty of the
misconduct charges. Specifically, the Hearing Officer held that Petitioner’s
comments to Officer Coleman were abusive and were intended to degrade Coleman.
Moreover, the Hearing Officer held that when Petitioner took the time to speak with
clerk Kester and a correctional officer before finally leaving the building, he failed
to fully comply with a direct order. Certified Agency Record at p 1.
After exhausting his administrative remedies, Petitioner is entitled to a
judicial review of the final decision set forth in MCL 791.255(4), which provides:
The review shall be confined to' the record and any supplemental
proofs submitted pursuant to subsection (3). The scope of review
shall be limited to whether the department’s action is authorized by
law or rule and whether the decision or order is supported by
competent, material and substantial evidence on the whole record.
After a review of the record, the Court finds that the decision of the Hearing
Officer is supported by competent, material, and substantial evidence on the whole
record. During the hearing, testimonies and records were introduced, and all
defenses were considered. The Hearing Officer found Petitioner’s arguments
Petitioner contends that the videotaped recording should have been allowed
into evidence, alleging that it was both material and relevant to the resolution of the
misconduct accusation. Moreover, Petitioner argues that had the Hearing Officer
viewed the videotape, he would have observed Petitioner leaving the library without hesitation - when Coleman asked him to.
Despite Petitioner’s contentions, courts have frequently held that a Hearing
Officer’s decision should be accorded deference as long as it is supported by
substantial evidence on the whole record. Campbell v Marquette Prison Warden,
119 Mich App 377 (1982); Russo v Dept of Licensing & Regulation, 119 Mich App
624, 631 (1982). Also, a reviewing court must affirm the agency decision and cannot
set aside findings made by a Hearing Officer “merely because alternative findings
could have been supported by substantial evidence on the record.[”] In re Payne,
444 Mich at 692, citing Arkansas v Oklahoma, 503 US 91, 113; 112 S Ct 1046; 117
LEd 2d 239,259 (1992). More specifically, courts have held that in judicial review
of administrative hearings, a court must not substitute its judgment for that of the
Hearing Officer on matters of credibility. Reed v Hurley Medical Center, 153 Mich
App 71 (1986). Thus, the Hearing Officer’s decision to exclude the videotape
evidence because it lacked relevancy should be accorded deference.
In addition to the videotape evidence, Petitioner objected to the exclusion of
his requests for some documents and answers to questions submitted. According to
MCL § 791.252(g) (1970), the Hearing Officer must adhere to the folIowing
The hearings officer may admit and give probative effect to evidence
of a type commonly relied upon by reasonably prudent persons in the
conduct of their affairs. Irrelevant, immaterial, or unduly repetitious
evidence may be excluded. The reason for the exclusion of the
evidence shall be entered into the record. . . .
In this case,.the Hearing Officer’s report did include the reasons why evidence
requested by LaFountain was excluded.
Moreover, in according deference to Hearing Officers, courts have accounted
for the environment surrounding prison disciplinary proceedings. Because “prison
disciplinary proceedings take place in a highly charged atmosphere, and prison
administrators must often act swiftly on the basis of evidence that might be
insufficient in less exigent circumstances,” Hearing Officers should be accorded
deference for their decisions. Thus, the Hearing Officer’s decision to exclude the
documents in this case should be honored.
THEREFORE, IT IS ORDERED that Petitioner’s Motion for Peremptory
Reversal be DENIED.
LaFountain v. Michigan Department of Corrections, Ingham Co. Cir. Ct. No. 07-1412-AA (Order
Denying Motion for Peremptory Reversal) (May 13, 2008) (docket no. 18).
Petitioner filed a delayed application for leave to appeal to the Michigan Court of
Appeals raising four issues:
Where the findings of fact and credibility conclusions of the
administrative hearing officer amount to clear error and were,
thereafter, perpetuated by the Circuit Court on judicial review,
whether such clearly erroneous conclusions of credibility and fact
must be vacated on appellate review or, alternatively, whether
[petitioner’s] forfeited regular and special good-time must be
Did the hearing officer’s rejection of [petitioner’s] exculpatory and
corroboration evidence result in a prejudicial denial of [petitioner’s]
statutory and constitutional right to present rebuttal evidence during
Is the MDOC policy which prohibits the use of voluntary polygraph
testing results during a misconduct hearing not a reasonable
interpretation of statute and therefore void?
Was [petitioner’s] statutory and constitutional guarantee for a fair and
impartial hearing violated due to an MDOC practice and custom of
pre-determining credibility issues specifically on relation to
[petitioner’s] falsified misconduct claims?
Application for leave to appeal (docket no. 14). The Michigan Court of Appeals denied the
application “for lack of merit on the grounds presented.” Wayne LaFountain v. Dept of Corrections,
No. 286996 (Dec. 2, 2008) (docket no. 14).
Then, petitioner filed an application for leave to appeal to the Michigan Supreme
Court raising three issues:
Whether [petitioner] was denied statutory and constitutional due
process of law as a result of declaring all evidence establishing the
falsification of the prison misconduct accusation as being irrelevant
during the administrative and judicial proceedings occurring below?
Where MDOC policy and practice prohibits consideration of
voluntary polygraph test results, during a prison misconduct hearing,
whether such policy and practice is void for failure to meet the
promulgation requirements of the Administrative Procedures Act and
for being in excess of the enabling statute?
Whether [petitioner] was denied the statutory and constitutional
guarantee for a fair and impartial hearing due to (A) the excision of
[petitioner’s] relevant, exculpatory evidence from the record, (B)
clearly erroneous fact and credibility findings, (C) the hearing officer
order which estopped [petitioner] from making oral argument and
objection regarding falsification evidence, and (D) a well-established
MDOC practice and custom of requiring hearing officers to resolve
credibility issues in favor or accusing corrections officers?
Application for leave to appeal (docket no. 15). The Michigan Supreme Court denied the
application because it was not persuaded that the questions presented should be reviewed by the
court. Wayne LaFountain v. Department of Corrections, No. 138040 (Mich. Aug. 6. 2009) (docket
While the state court appeal was pending, LaFountain filed a separate civil rights
action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, which sought relief against a number of MDOC employees for
retaliation and an alleged conspiracy to deprive him of his good time credits which extended over
a number of years. See LaFountain v. Coleman, No. 1:09-cv-623 (W.D. Mich.). Petitioner’s
amended complaint alleged that various MDOC employees retaliated against him for the purpose
of withholding 5,490 days of special good time and that they issued falsified misconduct citations
for the purpose of forfeiting his disciplinary credits and withholding his 5,490 days of potential good
time credits. Id. at pp. 30-31. Petitioner’s claims included the misconduct charges at issue in this
habeas action. Id. (Amend. Compl. at pp. 11- 22 (docket no. 5) and (Opinion at pp. 5-7) (docket
no. 8). This court dismissed the civil rights action on January 1, 2010 for failure to state a claim.
Id. (Opinion and Order) (docket nos. 8 and 9). On appeal, the Sixth Circuit affirmed the dismissal,
finding that “LaFountain’s challenges to his misconduct hearings and the resultant loss of ‘good
time’ credits, affect the length of his sentence and thus are barred under [Edwards v. Balisok, 520
U.S. 641 (1997)] and [Heck v. Humphrey, 512 U.S. 477 (1994)].” See LaFountain v. Coleman, No.
10-1207, slip op. at 3 (6th Cir. Dec. 30, 2010).
LaFountain filed the present habeas action on August 6, 2010, while the § 1983 case
was pending before the Sixth Circuit. Petitioner seeks relief on the three grounds which he litigated
in the state courts as well as the retaliation claim raised in his § 1983 action (which he refers to as
The misconduct charge and conviction is void for being the result of
vindictive prosecution resulting in the forfeiture of petitioner’s liberty
interest in the form of regular and special good-time.
Petitioner was denied Fourteenth Amendment procedural due process
during the prison, misconduct hearing due to the hearing officer’s
action of suppressing and excising from the record petitioner’s
Petitioner was denied Fourteenth Amendment procedural due process
of law due to an unconstitutional MDOC policy and custom of
disallowing falsification evidence as a defense during the misconduct
hearing as a direct result of the provisions as contained within the
MDOC hearings handbook.
Petitioner was denied Fourteenth Amendment procedural due process
of law due to the unconstitutional MDOC practice and custom of predetermining the credibility of [unsworn] and unsupported misconduct
accusations in favor of the accusing corrections officer.
Petition (docket no. 1).
Where the state court has adjudicated a claim on its merits, the federal district court’s
habeas corpus review is limited by the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996
(“AEDPA”), which provides in pertinent part that:
An application for a writ of habeas corpus on behalf of a person in custody pursuant
to the judgment of a State court shall not be granted with respect to any claim that was
adjudicated on the merits in State court proceedings unless the adjudication–
(1) resulted in a decision that was contrary to, or involved an unreasonable
application of, clearly established Federal law, as determined by the Supreme Court of the
United States; or
(2) resulted in a decision that was based on an unreasonable determination of the
facts in light of the evidence presented in the State court proceeding.
28 U.S.C. § 2254(d).
Before the Court may grant habeas relief to a state prisoner, however, the prisoner
must exhaust remedies available in the state courts. 28 U.S.C. § 2254(b)(1); O’Sullivan v. Boerckel,
526 U.S. 838, 842 (1999). Exhaustion requires a petitioner to “fairly present” federal claims so that
state courts have a “fair opportunity” to apply controlling legal principles to the facts bearing upon
a petitioner’s constitutional claim. See O’Sullivan, 526 U.S. at 842; Picard v. Connor, 404 U.S. 270,
275-77 (1971), cited in Duncan v. Henry, 513 U.S. 364, 365 (1995), and Anderson v. Harless, 459
U.S. 4, 6 (1982). To fulfill the exhaustion requirement, a petitioner must have fairly presented his
federal claims to all levels of the state appellate system, including the state’s highest court. Duncan,
513 U.S. at 365-66; Silverburg v. Evitts, 993 F.2d 124, 126 (6th Cir. 1993); Hafley v. Sowders, 902
F.2d 480, 483 (6th Cir. 1990). “[S]tate prisoners must give the state courts one full opportunity to
resolve any constitutional issues by invoking one complete round of the State’s established appellate
review process.” O’Sullivan, 526 U.S. at 845. Petitioner bears the burden of showing exhaustion.
See Rust v. Zent, 17 F.3d 155, 160 (6th Cir. 1994). However, the district court can and must raise
the exhaustion issue sua sponte, when it clearly appears that habeas claims have not been presented
to the state courts. See Prather v. Rees, 822 F.2d 1418, 1422 (6th Cir. 1987); Allen, 424 F.2d at 13839.
In his answer, respondent does not explicitly address exhaustion, but rather assumes
that petitioner properly exhausted his claims in the state courts. See Answer at p. 11 (docket no.
9). This assumption is incorrect. The record reflects that petitioner has not exhausted Issue I, his
habeas claim of retaliatory or vindictive prosecution. Petitioner’s habeas claim involves a
misconduct conviction which resulted in the loss of good-time credits, which is equivalent to a loss
of a “shortened prison sentence.” Wolff v. McDonnell, 418 U.S. 539, 556–57 (1974). A prisoner’s
challenge to a “shortened” prison sentence is a challenge to the fact or duration of confinement that
is properly brought as an action for habeas corpus relief. Preiser v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 475,
487–88 (1973). However, a prisoner must exhaust available state remedies before bringing a habeas
corpus action, which would include appealing the conviction through the state courts. See 28 U.S.C.
§ 2254(b)(1). Under Michigan law, a prisoner may file an application for leave to appeal the
misconduct in the state circuit court. See M.C.L. § 791.255.
As discussed in § I, supra, petitioner sought review in the Ingham County Circuit
Court, the Michigan Court of Appeals and the Michigan Supreme Court. However, petitioner’s state
court review did not raise retaliatory or vindictive prosecution as a reason for invalidating the June
20, 2006 misconduct violation. Rather, petitioner attempted to raise this claim as part of his federal
§ 1983 action which was dismissed approximately eight months prior to the filing of this habeas
Under these circumstances it appears that petitioner has an avenue to exhaust this
claim. As the Court explained in Melton v. Palmer, No. 11-15210, 2012 WL 2343043 (E.D. Mich.
June 20, 2012):
The question now is whether Petitioner has an available state court remedy
with which to properly exhaust his claims. A federal court cannot consider granting
habeas relief “if there still is a potential state remedy for the state courts to consider.”
See Wagner v. Smith, 581 F.3d 410, 415 (6th Cir.2009). Petitioner has such a
remedy. A number of Michigan cases have held that a writ of mandamus is an
available remedy for a Michigan prisoner who challenges the computation of his
sentence or claims that his sentence has expired due to the miscalculation of
sentencing or good-time credits. See In re Carey, 372 Mich. 378, 381–82, 126
N.W.2d 727 (1964); Lickfeldt v. Department of Corrections, 247 Mich. App. 299,
636 N.W.2d 272 (2001) (affirming issuance of writ of mandamus by circuit court
ordering the MDOC to immediately terminate prison sentence that inmate had
completed); Rhode v. Department of Corrections, 227 Mich.App. 174, 578 N.W.2d
320 (1997) (mandamus proceeding concerning proper calculation of disciplinary
credits); Lowe v. Dep't of Corr., 206 Mich. App. 128, 521 N.W.2d 336 (1994)
(same); See also Ruiz v. McKee, No.2010 WL 103682, * 1–3 (W.D. Mich. Jan. 7,
2010) (dismissing without prejudice on exhaustion grounds habeas petitioner's
challenge to the computation of his sentence, specifically his maximum discharge
date, when petitioner could challenge the computation of his sentence by means of
mandamus); Hughes v. Bauman, No.2011 WL 6781019, * 2 (E.D.Mich. Dec. 27,
2011) (noting that petitioner had option of filing writ of mandamus to challenge the
forfeiture of earned sentence reduction credits).
Petitioner, therefore, may challenge the MDOC’s calculation of his sentence
and the forfeiture of his good time credits by filing a petition for a writ of mandamus
in either the circuit court or in the Michigan Court of Appeals. See M.C.R.
3.305(A)(1); M.C.L. § 600.4401. Following the denial of the writ of mandamus by
the Michigan Court of Appeals, petitioner may file an application for leave to appeal
with the Michigan Supreme Court within fifty six days of the Michigan Court of
Appeals’ decision. See M.C.R. 7.301(A)(2); M.C.R. 7.302.
Melton, 2012 WL 2343043 at*3.
The record reflects that petitioner has not exhausted claim this claim for retaliatory
or vindictive prosecution (Issue I). As a general rule, a habeas petition containing unexhausted
claims should be dismissed without prejudice. See Rose v. Lundy, 455 U.S. 509, 518-20 (1982).
Because petitioner has some claims that are exhausted and some that are not, his petition is “mixed.”
District courts are directed to dismiss mixed petitions without prejudice in order to allow petitioners
to return to state court to exhaust remedies. Id. at 522. Since the habeas statute was amended to
impose a one-year statute of limitations on habeas claims, see 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1), dismissal
without prejudice often precludes future federal habeas review. This is particularly true after the
Supreme Court ruled in Duncan v. Walker, 533 U.S. 167, 181-82 (2001), that the limitations period
is not tolled during the pendency of a federal habeas petition. In this case, the limitations period has
expired, effectively precluding petitioner’s ability to exhaust this claim and file a future federal
A district court, however, has the discretion to stay a habeas corpus proceeding “in
limited circumstances.” Rhines v. Weber, 544 U.S. 268, 277 (2005). A “stay and abeyance”
procedure may be employed when the petitioner has filed a mixed petition. Id. Under the stay and
abeyance procedure, “courts now have discretion to stay a mixed habeas petition to allow a
petitioner to present his unexhausted claims to the state court, and then return to federal court.”
Poindexter v. Mitchell, 454 F.3d 564, 570 n. 2 (6th Cir. 2006). The Supreme Court cautioned that
federal courts should not utilize the “stay and abeyance” procedure frequently since doing so
undermines the purpose AEDPA, which is to encourage finality and streamline federal habeas
proceedings. In its discretion, a district court contemplating stay and abeyance should stay the
mixed petition pending prompt exhaustion of state remedies if there is “good cause” for the
petitioner’s failure to exhaust, if the petitioner’s unexhausted claims are not “plainly meritless” and
if there is no indication that the petitioner engaged in “intentionally dilatory litigation tactics.”
Rhines, 544 U.S. at 277-78. If the district court determines that a stay is inappropriate, it must allow
the petitioner the opportunity to delete the unexhausted claims from his petition, especially in
circumstances in which dismissal of the entire petition without prejudice would “unreasonably
impair the petitioner’s right to obtain federal relief.” Id.
Here, petitioner attempted to raise the retaliatory or vindictive prosecution claim by
including it in a § 1983 action filed in federal court. When that action was dismissed, petitioner
incorporated this claim into the present habeas action. Petitioner clearly desires to pursue this
unexhausted claim, having listed this as the first issue in his habeas petition. Given the nature of
petitioner’s claim, which he apparently grieved as an prison condition issue and then included (albeit
improperly) as part of a § 1983 action, the court concludes that petitioner has good cause for failing
to exhaust this particular claim in the state court. In addition, petitioner’s retaliatory or vindictive
prosecution claim, as alleged, is not plainly meritless. Finally, it does not appear that petitioner
engaged in dilatory tactics in this matter, having attempted to raise the issue in a § 1983 action and
then filing his habeas petition within the one-year limitations period. Accordingly, under the facts
of this case, the court concludes that the stay and abeyance procedure set forth in Rhines should be
applied to this mixed petition.
IT IS ORDERED that petitioner’s action is hereby stayed until petitioner files a
motion to amend his petition to include the exhausted Issue I. Such motion must be filed not later
than 30 days after a final decision by the Michigan Supreme Court with respect to Issue I and shall
include the dates and substance of decision at each step of the state-court review.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that petitioner may, in the alternative, file a motion
to amend his petition to dismiss Issue I, which would allow the Court to address his other claims
raised in Issues II, III and IV. Such a motion must be filed not later than 30 days after the entry of
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that if petitioner fails to comply with the deadlines
imposed in this order, the Court may dismiss the petition.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that this case shall be administratively closed until
such time a petitioner files a motion to amend his petition in accordance with the procedures set
forth in this order.
Dated: August 21, 2013
/s/ Hugh W. Brenneman, Jr.
HUGH W. BRENNEMAN, JR.
United States Magistrate Judge
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?