Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation v. Lamie et al
OPINION AND ORDER APPROVING AND ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION 48 , Motion for Writ of Eviction 43 is GRANTED; Motion to Stay Eviction Proceedings 53 is DENIED; signed by Judge Janet T. Neff (Judge Janet T. Neff, clb)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
WESTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE
Case No. 1:11-cv-577
HON. JANET T. NEFF
ERVIN JOSEPH LAMIE, JR.,
OPINION AND ORDER
Plaintiff Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation removed this eviction proceeding from
state court pursuant to 12 U.S.C § 1452(f). Judgment was entered in favor of Plaintiff on February
27, 2013. Plaintiff now seeks a writ of eviction to proceed with securing the property at issue. The
matter was referred to the Magistrate Judge, who issued a Report and Recommendation (R & R),
recommending that this Court grant Plaintiff’s motion for a writ of eviction. The matter is presently
before the Court on Defendant’s objections to the Report and Recommendation and Plaintiff’s
Response (Dkt 51), and Defendant’s subsequently-filed Motion to Stay Eviction Proceedings (Dkt
53). In accordance with 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and FED. R. CIV. P. 72(b)(3), the Court has performed
de novo consideration of those portions of the Report and Recommendation to which objections
have been made. The Court denies Defendant’s objections, denies Defendant’s Motion to Stay
Eviction Proceedings, and issues this Opinion and Order.
I. Defendant’s Objections to the Report and Recommendation
Defendant raises two objections to the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation.
First, Defendant asserts that “[t]he Magistrate failed to address this courts [sic] own local court rules
and uphold the fact that plaintiff filed this documentation with the federal court on June 18, 2013
without contacting the defendant pursuant to the local federal court rule 7.1(d) in which the moving
party is to contact the opposing party to determine whether or not the other party would oppose the
motion” (Def. Obj., Dkt 49 at 1). Defendant’s objection lacks merit.
Defendant correctly observes that the Magistrate Judge did not address Local Rule 7.1(d);
however, this omission does not constitute error. Local Rule 7.1(d), titled “Attempt to obtain
concurrence,” requires that the moving party ascertain whether a motion will be opposed and that
such efforts be affirmatively stated in the motion. See Local R. Civ. P. 7.1(d). Contrary to
Defendant’s assertion, Plaintiff’s motion brief addresses the requirements of Rule 7.1(d) (Dkt 44 at
5). There was no need for the Magistrate Judge to address Rule 7.1(d) in the Report and
Recommendation. Defendant opposed the motion, requiring that the Magistrate Judge resolve the
motion on the merits. Defendant’s objection is denied.
Second, Defendant objects to the Magistrate Judge’s conclusion that enforcing judgment in
this matter is appropriate despite the filing of an appeal with the Sixth Circuit, because “Defendant
has made no motion for stay, nor has any stay bond been posted” (R & R, Dkt 48 at 2). Defendant
argues that, “The Magistrate incorrectly stated that a motion for a stay had to be filed by the
Defendant”; however, “Defendant did not have to file a motion for a stay in this matter [since] it was
automatically put in place when the defendant filed the appeal” (Def. Obj. at 2). Defendant’s
objection lacks merit.
Defendant cites no authority to support his position that a stay is automatic. An automatic
stay is enforced on the execution of a judgment for fourteen days immediately following its entry,
except for two limited circumstances not present in this case. FED. R. CIV. P. 62(a). This rule,
however, does not stay a case during appeal. If an appeal is taken, the appellant may obtain a stay
by supersedeas bond. FED. R. CIV. P. 62(d).1 As the Magistrate Judge noted, Defendant did not post
a supersedeas bond in this matter (R & R at 2). Defendant’s objection is therefore denied.
Accordingly, this Court adopts the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation as the
Opinion of this Court.
II. Defendant’s Motion to Stay Eviction Proceedings
Following the Report and Recommendation on the writ of eviction, Defendant filed a motion
to stay this matter pending the resolution of his appeal (Dkt 53).2 The Court finds no basis for a stay.
Defendant cites Rule 62, arguing that the Sixth Circuit is almost certain to decide legal
questions that determine, or at least significantly inform, the outcome of this case, and therefore, a
stay is warranted as a matter of judicial economy and to avoid imposing unnecessary costs and
burdens on the Court and the parties through continued litigation (Mot., Dkt 53 at 4). Further, the
benefits outweigh any harm that could be caused by a stay, since Defendant will continue to face
Because Defendant’s appeal does not involve an injunction, Federal Rule of Civil Procedure
Defendant also requests a stay pending the hearing of a motion to set aside the default
judgment in the 60th District Court in Michigan (Mot. at 1-2). Defendant provides no supporting
facts or reference to the purported matter pending in state court. Case No. 11-011795 LT from the
60th District Court was removed to this Court on June 2, 2011, which is the present case. The Court
finds no basis for a stay pending “independent proceedings” in the state court (id. at 2-3).
liability for any harm from alleged stripping of the home at issue and placing waste material on the
site (id. at 5). These arguments do not support a stay of the judgment in this case.
“Rule 62(d) gives an appellant a right to a stay pending appeal, provided the appellant posts
a ‘satisfactory supersedeas bond.’” Dubuc v. Green Oak Twp., No. 08–13727, 2010 WL 3908616,
at *1 (E.D. Mich. Oct. 1, 2010) (quoting Arban v. West Pub. Corp., 345 F.3d 390, 409 (6th Cir.
2003)). Notwithstanding the “mandatory language” of Rule 62(d) requiring bond, courts have
construed the bond requirement to be discretionary. Dubuc , supra (citing Hamlin v. Charter Twp.
of Flint, 181 F.R.D. 348, 353 (E.D. Mich. 1998)). While it is within the district court’s discretion
to dispose of the bond requirement, courts do so only in extraordinary circumstances, such as where
it could be eliminated because it was clear that the appellant would be able to satisfy the judgment.
Dubuc, supra. See also Menovcik v. BASF Corp., No. 09–12096, 2012 WL 5471867, at *1(E.D.
Mich. Nov. 9, 2012) (the Sixth Circuit has not outlined a specific test for deciding whether to grant
a request for an unsecured stay, but the courts have tended to examine the purpose of Rule 62, which
serves to protect both parties).
This Court finds no justification for a stay under the circumstances presented in this case.
Defendant’s challenge to the foreclosure was fully litigated and rejected in the related case of Ervin
Joseph Lamie, Jr. v. Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation, Case No. 1:11-cv-156, pursuant
to this Court’s Opinion on May 21, 2012. Defendant did not appeal the judgment in the related case.
In this related summary eviction action, the Magistrate Judge found Plaintiff entitled to
summary judgment under the doctrine of res judicata (Dkt 29 at 8), and this Court subsequently
entered judgment in favor of Plaintiff and against Defendant (Dkt 38). This Court also denied
Defendant’s motion to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal, finding no good-faith basis for appeal
(Dkt 42). The Sixth Circuit subsequently likewise denied Defendant’s motion for leave to proceed
in forma pauperis on appeal, recounting the circumstances and history of both cases before this
Court, and finding no good faith basis for appeal (Dkt 55). The Sixth Circuit concluded that this
Court properly determined that Defendant’s claims were barred by the doctrine of res judicata,
LaMie, Jr.’s claims asserted in case No. 1:11-cv-00577 all arose from the
same transaction that was involved in case No. 1:11-cv-00156. Specifically, his
claims seek to attack the foreclosure and the ultimate transfer of title, all of which
could have been raised during the prior proceeding. Thus, because the claims he
now raises could have been litigated during the prior action, res judicata bars him
from pursuing those claims in case No. 1:11-cv-00577.
(Dkt 55 at 3.)
Thus, both this Court and the Sixth Circuit have found no good-faith basis for appeal in this
case. Absent a good-faith basis for appeal, Defendant has failed to show that a stay of this case
pending appeal is appropriate. The Motion to Stay Eviction Proceedings is therefore denied.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Objections (Dkt 49) are DENIED and the Report and
Recommendation (Dkt 48) is APPROVED and ADOPTED as the Opinion of the Court.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Motion for Writ of Eviction (Dkt 43) is GRANTED.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Motion to Stay Eviction Proceedings (Dkt 53) is
/s/ Janet T. Neff
JANET T. NEFF
United States District Judge
Dated: January ___, 2014
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