Klinge v. Middleville, Village of
OPINION; signed by Judge Gordon J. Quist (Judge Gordon J. Quist, jmt)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
ROBERT L. KLINGE, d/b/a BOB’S
Case No. 1:11-CV-702
HON. GORDON J. QUIST
VILLAGE OF MIDDLEVILLE,
Plaintiff, Robert L. Klinge, d/b/a Bob’s Engine Hospital ("Klinge"), has filed a complaint
titled “Petition to Vacate Void Judgment” against Defendant, the Village of Middleville. In his
complaint, Klinge requests that the Court vacate an Order Granting Injunction entered by Barry
County Circuit Court Judge James H. Fisher on August 14, 2009. Klinge filed an application for
delayed review of the August 14, 2009, Order in Michigan Court of Appeals, but his application was
denied on April 21, 2011. Klinge alleges that the August 14, 2009, Order is void because it was
entered in violation of his due process rights.
On July 8, 2011, Magistrate Judge Ellen Carmody issued an order granting Klinge leave to
proceed in forma pauperis. Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2), the Court is required to dismiss any
action brought under federal law if the complaint is frivolous, malicious, fails to state a claim upon
which relief can be granted, or seeks monetary relief from a defendant immune from such relief.
28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2); see also Benson v. O'Brian, 179 F.3d 1014, 1016 (6th Cir. 1999) (holding
that "§ 1915(e)(2) applies only to in forma pauperis proceedings"). The Court must read Klinge’s
pro se complaint indulgently, see Haines v. Kerner, 404 U.S. 519, 520 (1972), and accept his
allegations as true, unless they are clearly irrational or wholly incredible. Denton v. Hernandez, 504
U.S. 25, 33 (1992). For the reasons set forth below, the Court concludes that Klinge’s complaint
must be dismissed as required by § 1915(e)(2).
Klinge’s complaint seeks review of the state court's order by this Court and is thus barred
by the Rooker-Feldman doctrine. The doctrine, which has its roots in the Supreme Court's decisions
in District of Columbia Court of Appeals v. Feldman, 460 U.S. 462, 103 S. Ct. 1303 (1983), and
Rooker v. Fidelity Trust Co., 263 U.S. 413, 44 S. Ct. 149 (1923), provides that federal district courts
are without authority to review final judgments of state courts in judicial proceedings. This is
because “only the Supreme Court of the United States has the jurisdiction to review state court
decisions.” Coleman v. Governor of Mich., 413 F. App’x 866, 870 (6th Cir. 2011) (citing Rooker,
263 U.S. at 416, 44 S. Ct. at 150)). The doctrine applies only to “cases brought by state-court losers
complaining of injuries caused by state-court judgments rendered before the district court
proceedings commenced and inviting district court review and rejection of those judgments.” Exxon
Mobile Corp. v. Saudi Basic Indus. Corp., 544 U.S. 280, 284, 125 S. Ct. 1517, 1521-22. Because
the relief Klinge requests falls squarely within this doctrine, the Court lacks subject matter
jurisdiction over his claim. Therefore, the Court will dismiss Klinge’s’ complaint.
An Order Consistent with this Opinion will be entered.
Dated: July 18, 2011
/s/ Gordon J. Quist
GORDON J. QUIST
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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