Phillips v. Commissioner of Social Security
MEMORANDUM OPINION; signed by Magistrate Judge Joseph G. Scoville (Magistrate Judge Joseph G. Scoville, mmh)
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FOR THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
CYNTHIA D. PHILLIPS,
Case No. 1:12-cv-757
Honorable Joseph G. Scoville
This was a social security action brought under 42 U.S.C. § 405(g), seeking review
of a final decision of the Commissioner of Social Security denying plaintiff’s claim for disability
insurance benefits (DIB). On January 31, 2013, the court entered a judgment vacating the
Commissioner’s decision and remanding this matter to the Commissioner under sentence four of 42
U.S.C. § 405(g) for further administrative proceedings. The matter is now before the court on
plaintiff’s application for attorney’s fees under the Equal Access to Justice Act (EAJA), 28 U.S.C.
§ 2412. (docket # 18). Defendant has ignored the motion. For the reasons set forth herein,
plaintiff’s motion will be granted in part and denied in part, and a judgment will enter in plaintiff’s
favor against defendant in the amount of $2,875.00.
The EAJA provides in relevant part:
Except as otherwise specifically provided by statute, a court shall award to a
prevailing party other than the United States fees and other expenses . . . incurred by
that party in any civil action . . ., including proceedings for judicial review of agency
action, brought by or against the United States . . ., unless the court finds that the
position of the United States was substantially justified or that special circumstances
make an award unjust.
28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A); see Astrue v. Ratliff, 130 S. Ct. 2521, 2525 (2010). The Sixth Circuit
has identified three conditions which must be met to recover attorney’s fees under the EAJA: (1) the
claimant must be a prevailing party; (2) the government’s position must be without substantial
justification; and (3) there are no special circumstances which would warrant a denial of fees. See
Marshall v. Commissioner, 444 F.3d 837, 840 (6th Cir. 2006). Plaintiff is a prevailing party under
this court’s judgment remanding this matter to the Commissioner. See Shalala v. Schaefer, 509 U.S.
292, 298 (1993). Plaintiff is a financially eligible person under the EAJA. Defendant offers no
special circumstances which might warrant denial of fees and has made no attempt to satisfy the
burden of demonstrating that the government’s position was substantially justified. See Scarborough
v. Principi, 541 U.S. 401, 414 (2004); Peck v. Commissioner, 165 F. App’x 443, 446 (6th Cir. 2006).
Plaintiff is entitled to an award of attorney’s fees under the EAJA.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit has cautioned lower courts
against “rubber stamping” EAJA fee applications. See Begley v. Secretary of Health & Human
Servs., 966 F.2d 196, 200 (6th Cir. 1992). The EAJA requires “an itemized statement from [the]
attorney . . . representing or appearing in behalf of the party stating the actual time expended and the
rate at which fees and other expenses were computed.” 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(B). Plaintiff seeks
compensation for 23.00 hours in attorney time. (docket # 18, ID#s 695, 704). This is reasonable for
the work performed.
The EAJA generally caps the hourly rate for attorney’s fees at $125 per hour. 28
U.S.C. § 2412(d)(2)(A). “[T]he statutory rate is a ceiling and not a floor.” Chipman v. Secretary
of Health & Human Servs., 781 F.2d 545, 547 (6th Cir. 1986). Plaintiff seeks to recover at a rate of
$185.75 for work performed in this court. (docket # 18, ID#s 696, 705). The requested rate is well
above the statutory cap. The EAJA specifies that “attorney’s fees shall not be awarded in excess of
$125 per hour unless the court determines that an increase in the cost of living or a special factor,
such as the limited availability of qualified attorneys for the proceedings involved, justifies a higher
fee.” 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(2)(A). The Supreme Court has determined that the statutory $125 per
hour cap applies “in the mine run of cases.” Gisbrecht v. Barnhart, 535 U.S. 789, 796 (2002).
“In requesting an increase in the hourly-fee rate, [p]laintiff bear[s] the burden of
producing appropriate evidence to support the requested increase.” Bryant v. Commissioner, 578
F.3d 443, 450 (6th Cir. 2009). Plaintiff’s attorney argues that he should receive an increased hourly
rate based on inflation and the Consumer Price Index. (docket # 18, ID# 696). In Bryant, the Sixth
Circuit held that this was not sufficient evidence to carry the plaintiff’s burden. Id. at 450; accord
O’Neal v. Commissioner, No. 1:08-cv-723, 2011 WL 445936, at * 2 (W.D. Mich. Jan. 27, 2011).
Here, as in other cases, “plaintiff’s counsel introduces data from the State Bar of
Michigan’s annual Economics of Law Practice survey showing the 2010 median and mean hourly
billing rates for all private practitioners ($215 and $237), attorneys in practice 26-30 years like
plaintiff’s counsel ($233 and $248), attorneys in the Grand Rapids area ($225 median and $246
mean), appellate attorneys ($250 and $259), administrative-law attorneys ($225 and $243), and
attorneys in Kent County, Michigan ($240 and $251).” Reynolds v. Commissioner, No. 1:10-cv-738,
2011 WL 1740006, at * 1 (W.D. Mich. May 4, 2011). However, “Th[e] survey information as
described d[id] not indicate rates charged for Social Security appeals in th[is] District ... and thus
[did] not establish what the prevailing market rate is for these types of cases.” Id. (quoting McNelis
v. Commissioner, No. 08-12529, 2011 WL 743393 at *2 (E.D. Mich. Feb. 23, 2011)). Plaintiff fails
to carry her burden of showing “entitlement to a rate higher than the statutory maximum rate which
is customarily awarded in the solid majority of social security appeals in this district.” Reynolds,
2011 WL 1740006, at * 1; see e.g., Van Horn v. Commissioner, No. 1:11-cv-763, 2013 WL 254137,
at * 2 (W.D. Mich. Jan. 3, 2013); Mish v. Commissioner, No. 1:09-cv-753, 2012 WL 1790018, at
* 3 (W.D. Mich. May 15, 2012); Rhoads v. Commissioner, No. 1:09-cv-789, 2012 WL 191756, at
* 2 (W.D. Mich. Jan. 6, 2012); O’Neal v. Commissioner, 2011 WL 445936, at * 2; Sassan v. Astrue,
No. 1:08-cv-120, 2010 WL 3843767, at * 1 (W.D. Mich. Sept. 28, 2010).
Plaintiff has not carried her evidentiary burden to justify compensation at any rate
above the statutory cap. I find that an award at the maximum hourly rate provides adequate and
appropriate compensation for the work performed. Multiplying the 23.0 hours reasonably expended
by counsel by the $125 per hour rate results in a $2,875.00 total. Plaintiff is entitled to an award of
EAJA attorney’s fees in the amount of $2,875.00 for the reasonable attorney’s fees expended in this
For the reasons set forth herein, plaintiff’s motion is granted in part and denied in
part. Judgment will be entered in plaintiff’s favor against defendant in the amount of $2,875.00.
Dated: May 6, 2013
/s/ Joseph G. Scoville
United States Magistrate Judge
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