Carter #648416 v. Grambau
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION 48 re 44 : Defendant Grambau's Motion 44 for Summary Judgment is DENIED; signed by Judge Gordon J. Quist (Judge Gordon J. Quist, jmt)
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
FORT THE WESTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
Case No. 1:15-CV-369
HON. GORDON J. QUIST
ORDER ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION
On August 29, 2016 Magistrate Judge Kent issued a Report and Recommendation (R & R)
recommending that the Court deny Defendant Grambau’s motion for summary judgment. (ECF No.
48.) Defendant filed an objection to the R & R, urging the Court to reject it. (ECF No. 49.) Pursuant
to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1), upon receiving objections to a report and recommendation, the district
judge “shall make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed
findings or recommendations to which objection is made.” After conducting a de novo review of
the R & R, Defendant’s Objection, and the pertinent portions of the record, the Court concludes that
the R & R should be adopted and the motion denied.
Plaintiff Carter alleges that Defendant violated Plaintiff’s First Amendment right of access
to the courts with respect to a federal habeas corpus action. (ECF No. 41 at PageID.306.) Plaintiff
also alleges that Defendant retaliated against Plaintiff by refusing to accept a delayed application
for filing because Plaintiff had previously filed grievance against Defendant. (Id.) Defendant moved
for summary judgment on both claims, while also asserting that Defendant is entitled to qualified
immunity. (ECF No. 45 at PageID.318.) Magistrate Judge Kent recommended that the motion be
denied as to all three issues. (ECF No. 58 at PageID.361.) Defendant only objected to the denial of
qualified immunity. (ECF No. 49 at PageID.363.)
When a defendant moves for summary judgment based on qualified immunity, he must
“com[e] forward with facts to suggest that he acted within the scope of his discretionary authority
during the incident in question.” Gardenhire v. Schubert, 205 F.3d 303, 311 (6th Cir. 2000). The
plaintiff then must (1) “identify a clearly established right alleged to have been violated,” and (2)
“establish that a reasonable officer in the defendant's position should have known that his conduct
violated that right.” (Id.) Magistrate Judge Kent recommended denial because Defendant “did not
identify the scope of his discretionary authority to process legal mail.” (ECF No. 48 at Page.ID 360.)
Defendant’s affidavit establishes that Defendant is a Unit Supervisor, and that Unit
Supervisors conduct “legal rounds,” but does put forth any description of the ways in which
Defendant exercises discretion. (ECF No. 13-2 at PageID.54.) Defendant cites the Amended
Complaint to describe Defendant’s responsibilities in handling legal mail.1 It provides, in relevant
Housing unit Rum, Arus, or case managers must be available to process legal mail
and court filing fees by the 10:00 a.m. deadline of every business day. Every prisoner
must have access to a Rum, Arus, or case Manager every business day, e.g., access
must be provided to prisoners on worn [sic] assignments and on top lock.
(ECF No. 41 at PageID304.) This language suggests no room for the exercise of discretion in
performing the Defendant’s duties. Qualified immunity does not extend to defendants who act in
a ministerial, as opposed to a discretionary, capacity. Morrison v. Lipscomb, 877 F.2d 463, 468 (6th
Cir. 1989). Magistrate Judge Kent did not err in recommending that Defendant’s motion for
summary judgment be denied.
As the R & R noted, the Amended Complaint itself does not attach a copy of the relevant Policy Directive,
and it is unclear if this is even an accurate description.
IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation
issued August 29, 2016 (ECF No. 48) is ADOPTED as the Opinion of the Court.
IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Defendant Grambau’s motion for summary judgment
(ECF No. 44) is DENIED.
Dated: September 22, 2016
/s/ Gordon J. Quist
GORDON J. QUIST
UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE
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