Whaley #155829 v. McKee
ORDER TRANSFERRING CASE to the Western District of Michigan. Signed by District Judge Sean F. Cox. (DPer) [Transferred from Michigan Eastern on 5/7/2015.]
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT
EASTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN
KEVIN WHALEY, #155829,
CASE NO. 15-CV-11433
HONORABLE SEAN F. COX
ORDER OF TRANSFER
This is a pro se civil rights case brought pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff
Kevin Whaley is a state prisoner currently confined at the Bellamy Creek Correctional
Facility in Ionia, Michigan and the events giving rise to the complaint occurred at that
facility. Plaintiff names Warden McKee as the sole defendant in this action. He raises
claims concerning his religious freedoms and seeks injunctive relief and monetary
Having reviewed the complaint, the Court concludes that venue is improper in this
Court and that the case should be transferred to the United States District Court for the
Western District of Michigan, Southern Division.
Venue for a civil action brought in federal court is governed by 28 U.S.C. § 1391.
Section 1391(b) provides:
Venue in general. A civil action may be brought in –
(1) a judicial district in which any defendant resides, if all
defendants are residents of the State in which the district is
(2) a judicial district in which a substantial part of the events or
omissions giving rise to the claim occurred, or a substantial
part of property that is the subject of the action is situated; or
(3) if there is no district in which an action may otherwise be
brought as provided in this section, any judicial district in which
any defendant is subject to the court’s personal jurisdiction with
respect to such action.
28 U.S.C. § 1391(b). Public officials “reside” in the county where they perform their official
duties. O'Neill v. Battisti, 472 F.2d 789, 791 (6th Cir. 1972).
When venue is improper, a district court may either dismiss the case or, in the
interests of justice, transfer the case to a district or division where it could have been
brought. See 28 U.S.C. § 1406(a). Additionally, even when venue is proper, a district court
may transfer a civil action to any other district where it might have been brought for the
convenience of the parties and witnesses and in the interest of justice. See 28 U.S.C. §
1404(a). A court may sua sponte transfer a case for improper venue. Carver v. Knox
County, Tenn., 887 F.2d 1287, 1291 (6th Cir. 1989); see also Cosmichrome, Inc. v. Spectra
Chrome, Inc. LLC, 504 F. App’x 468, 472 (6th Cir. 2012); Flynn v. Greg Anthony Construct.
Co., Inc., 95 F. App’x 726, 738 (6th Cir. 2003).
In this case, the defendant resides in Ionia, Michigan and the actions giving rise to
the complaint occurred there. Plaintiff resides there as well. Ionia, Michigan lies in Ionia
County, which is located in the Southern Division of the Western District of Michigan. See
28 U.S.C. § 102(b)(2). Venue is therefore proper in the United States District Court for the
Western District of Michigan, not this Court.
Accordingly, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1406(a) and in the interests of justice, the
Court orders the Clerk of the Court to transfer this case to the United States District Court
for the Western District of Michigan, Southern Division. The Court makes no determination
as to the merits of the complaint or any filing requirements.
Dated: May 7, 2015
S/ Sean F. Cox
Sean F. Cox
U. S. District Judge
I hereby certify that on May 7, 2015, the foregoing document was served on counsel of
record via electronic means and upon Kevin Whaley via First Class mail at the address
Kevin Whaley 155829
BELLAMY CREEK CORRECTIONAL FACILITY
1727 WEST BLUEWATER HIGHWAY
IONIA, MI 48846
S/ J. McCoy
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