Buchanan #313838 v. Hoffner

Filing 17

ORDER APPROVING AND ADOPTING REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION 10 ; signed by Chief Judge Robert J. Jonker (Chief Judge Robert J. Jonker, sdb)

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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT WESTERN DISTRICT OF MICHIGAN SOUTHERN DIVISION JAMAL UMAR BUCHANAN, Petitioner, CASE NO. 1:16-CV-258 v. HON. ROBERT J. JONKER BONITA HOFFNER, Respondent. __________________________________/ ORDER APPROVING AND ADOPTIONG REPORT AND RECOMMENDATION The Court has reviewed Magistrate Judge Green’s Report and Recommendation in this matter (ECF No. 10) and Petitioner’s Objections to the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation (ECF Nos. 13, 16). Under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, where, as here, a party has objected to portions of a Report and Recommendation, “[t]he district judge . . . has a duty to reject the magistrate judge’s recommendation unless, on de novo reconsideration, he or she finds it justified.” 12 WRIGHT, MILLER, & MARCUS, FEDERAL PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE § 3070.2, at 381 (2d ed. 1997). Specifically, the Rules provide that: The district judge to whom the case is assigned shall make a de novo determination upon the record, or after additional evidence, of any portion of the magistrate judge's disposition to which specific written objection has been made in accordance with this rule. The district judge may accept, reject, or modify the recommended decision, receive further evidence, or recommit the matter to the magistrate judge with instructions. FED R. CIV. P. 72(b). De novo review in these circumstances requires at least a review of the evidence before the Magistrate Judge. Hill v. Duriron Co., 656 F.2d 1208, 1215 (6th Cir. 1981). The Court has reviewed de novo the claims and evidence presented to the Magistrate Judge; the Report and Recommendation itself; and Petitioner’s objections. The Court finds the Magistrate Judge’s Report and Recommendation (ECF No. 10) is factually sound and legally correct. The Magistrate Judge recommends denying Petitioner’s habeas petition. In his Objections, Petitioner primarily reiterates and expands arguments raised in his original Petition. Nothing in Petitioner’s Objections changes the fundamental analysis. Petitioner fails to deal with his admissions at the guilty plea hearing and the reality that he eventually received an appeal and merits decision on the first issue he raises. The Court finds that dismissal is appropriate, for the very reasons the detailed in the Report and Recommendation. Before Petitioner may appeal the Court’s dismissal of his petition, a certificate of appealability must issue. 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(1)(B); FED. R. APP. P. 22(b)(1). The Federal Rules of Appellate Procedure extend to district judges the authority to issue certificates of appealability. FED. R. APP. P. 22(b); see also Castro v. United States, 310 F.3d 900, 901–02 (6th Cir. 2002). Thus the Court must either issue a certificate of appealability indicating which issues satisfy the required showing or provide reasons why such a certificate should not issue. 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(3); FED. R. APP. P. 22(b)(1); In re Certificates of Appealability, 106 F.3d 1306, 1307 (6th Cir. 1997). A certificate of appealability may issue “only if the applicant has made a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right.” 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). To make the required “substantial showing,” the petitioner must demonstrate that “reasonable jurists would find the district court’s assessment of the constitutional claims debatable or wrong.” Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 338 (2003) (quoting Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000)). The Court does not believe that 2 reasonable jurists would find the Court’s assessment of the claim Petitioner raised debatable or wrong. ACCORDINGLY, IT IS ORDERED that the Report and Recommendation of the Magistrate Judge (ECF No. 10) is approved and adopted as the opinion of the Court. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Petitioner’s Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus (ECF No. 1) is DENIED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Petitioner’s request for a certificate of appealability is DENIED. Date: August 1, 2017 /s/ Robert J. Jonker ROBERT J. JONKER CHIEF UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 3

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